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Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II Session 10.

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Presentation on theme: "Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II Session 10."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Race and Ethnicity II Session 10

2 2 Session Objectives  To analyze the extent to which white privilege continues in the U.S. today  To examine the structural effects of race on U.S. society  To describe ways in which racism results in hazards vulnerability  To suggest ways to reach racial and ethnic minorities with emergency and mitigation measures

3 Session 10 3 Why does white privilege seem like a strange topic?  Tendency to think of racism as putting someone at a disadvantage  Less thought given to the advantages it creates  Results in special treatments throughout each day  Taught not to recognize it  Taken for granted

4 Session 10 4 Never asked to speak for your whole race What are some daily white privileges? Not being regularly viewed with suspicion Neutral neighbors History is about people like self Not likely to be singled out because of race Dealing with people in authority similar to self Others?

5 Session 10 5 SEGREGATION  Minority groups have historically been separated, or segregated  Hypersegregation describes U.S. today  Most blacks and whites live in separate neighborhoods or communities  This is especially true in the north

6 Session 10 6 Trends in Residential Black-White Segregation in Metropolitan Areas METROPOLITAN AREA198019902000 Northeast77.976.673.9 Midwest82.278.874.1 South66.060.558.1 West71.462.555.9 Total Metro Areas73.068.264.5

7 Session 10 7 GHETTOIZATION  Isolation  Out of sight, out of mind  Easy to stereotype everyone who lives there  Separated from good jobs  Leads to further poverty  Upwardly mobile blacks now able to leave  Development of a permanent underclass  Hopelessness, violence, crime

8 Session 10 8 FEMINIZATION OF POVERTY  Difficult for men to provide for families  Many families without male breadwinners due to Outward migration for work Military service Prison Desertion Illness, injury or death

9 Session 10 9 POLITICAL MARGINALIZATION  Isolated from mainstream politics  Limited chances to elect leaders  Makes it easy for needs to be ignored

10 Session 10 10 SOCIAL VULNERABILITY  Marginal land  Marginal housing  Environmental degradation  Poor schools/low education levels  Poor insurance coverage  Less access to disaster-related resources

11 Session 10 11 Why is vulnerability based on racism a social justice issue? Effects of institutional racism keep many minorities trapped in unsafe homes and communities

12 Session 10 12 What can emergency professionals do?  Know their communities  Utilize local resources  Target educational programs  Develop outreach programs  Incorporate special initiatives into response and recovery plans FEMA Photos

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