Presentation on theme: "The United States Congress The United States Constitution Article One"— Presentation transcript:
1The United States Congress The United States Constitution Article One
2The Two House CongressThe Congress is bicameral. It is divided into two houses:The House of RepresentativesRepresentation based on populationThe United States SenateRepresentation based on equal votes per state (2)Each house must vote separately on all bills
3Which Party Currently Holds the Majority of Seats in Both Houses of Congress?
5Why must all Tax/Revenue Bill originate in the House of Representatives? Tax/Revenue bills originate in the H.O.R. because the framers designed the House to be the part of the Federal Government that is most responsive (closest) to the people. (Taxation WITH Representation)Representatives in the House are closest to the people because they have the smallest constituency, and face the voters most often. (every 2 years)
6The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) THE POWER TO TAXRaise the money needed to run the government and fund the treasury.
7The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) To Borrow MoneyAdditional money may be needed to fund money (if tax receipts are not enough)
8The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) Regulate CommerceResponsible to make sure businesses are responsibly run, and trade is regulated.
9The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) To Coin MoneyOnly the federal government prints the currency (replacing the system under the Articles of Confederation)
10The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) Declare War, Raise & Support the Armed ForcesOnly the Congress can Declare War, however, the President is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
11The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) Establish Naturalization ProceduresRegulate immigration and set procedures for people to become American citizens
12The Powers of Congress (Enumerated/Delegated Powers) Establish a Post OfficeHelp the nation communicate
13The E L A S T I C Clause The Elastic Clause/Implied Powers: Congress may make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out its other powers.The Elastic Clause allows the Congress to change with the times and regulate industries which were unforeseen when the Constitution was first written (airline, TV, Communications, Auto ECT…)
14Limits of Congressional Power Congress CAN NOT:Tax EXPORTSGrant titles of nobilityFavor the ports of one state over those of another stateSuspend the writ of habeas corpus except in an emergency
15How does a BILL become a LAW? COMING SOON!How does a BILL become a LAW?
16not to see them being made. Laws are like sausages,it is betternot to see them being made.Otto von Bismark
17Bill is introduced to Senate, debated & voted on. Rep Introduces a bill, The Speaker refers the bill to committeeRules Committee places bill on calendar for entire House of RepsCommittee studies bill, hold hearings,Makes changes,Sends bill to rules committeeIf the Senate passes a different bill, the bill goes to a conference committeeBill is introduced to Senate, debated & voted on.House debates bill, may make changes, vote on billIf bill passes both houses, it goes to the President for his signatureH&S members resolve differences, and send bill back to their respective chambers
18Influence of Pressure Groups Special Interest Groups, PAC’s (Political Action Committees), Lobbyists try to influence the law-making process.Businesses, Unions, farmers, Senior Citizens, and others all use their influence, and campaign contributions to influence the political system.Lobbying for a bill is a feature of the unwritten Constitution.
19Why is the Law Making Process so Complicated? The law making process can involve thousands of people!The Framers created this process to allow for citizen input into the legal process, remember, they feared abuses of power by the government & wanted to prevent tyranny by high government officialsOut of hundreds of bills that are introduced in Congress, only a few actually become laws.