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Comparison of Two Sets of Learning Objectives for an Introductory Course to Homeland Security and Emergency Management Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. Instructor:

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Presentation on theme: "Comparison of Two Sets of Learning Objectives for an Introductory Course to Homeland Security and Emergency Management Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. Instructor:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparison of Two Sets of Learning Objectives for an Introductory Course to Homeland Security and Emergency Management Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. Instructor: Auburn University Center for Governmental Services A Presentation Given at the FEMA Higher Education Conference, Emmitsburg, Maryland, June 6, 2012

2 Two Sets of Learning Objectives One set of learning objectives are taken from the introduction to Foundations of Homeland Security, Law and Policy (Alperen, 2011). The other set of learning objectives are taken from courses being offered as a part of Auburn University’s Center of Governmental Services’ Certificate Program in Emergency Management (Gordon, 2012).

3 The Nature of the Differences Each set of learning objectives reflects somewhat differing underlying assumptions, values, and definitions of the fields of homeland security and emergency management. These differences will be noted and their implications for the content of an introductory course will be discussed.

4 M. Alperen Set of Learning Objectives Know the threat terrorism presents Put terrorism in perspective Develop a conceptual understanding of homeland security law and policy Selected from the introduction to Foundations of Homeland Security, Law and Policy (Alperen, 2011)

5 M. Alperen Set of Learning Objectives (Continued) Recognize that resiliency, our ability to return to normal after a disaster, catastrophic accident, or terrorist attack, depends both on us as individuals and on our infrastructure. Recognize that a significant portion of our Nation’s infrastructure is in need of repair. Selected from the introduction to Foundations of Homeland Security, Law and Policy (Alperen, 2011)

6 P. D. Gordon Learning Objectives Recognize the threat that terrorism poses for the nation and the future of civilization. Develop a conceptual understanding of the need for an integrated all-hazards approach to homeland security and emergency management

7 P. D. Gordon Learning Objectives (Continued) Recognize the need to be proactive in creating disaster resilient communities and regions, and a disaster resilient nation.

8 Alperen and Gordon Learning Objectives Compared Know the threat terrorism presents and Put terrorism in perspective [Alperen] Recognize the threat that terrorism poses for the future of the nation and the future of civilization [Gordon]

9 Alperen and Gordon Learning Objectives Compared (Continued) Develop a conceptual understanding of homeland security law and policy. [Alperen] Develop a conceptual understanding of the need for an integrated all-hazards approach to homeland security and emergency management [Gordon]

10 Alperen and Gordon Learning Objectives Compared (Continued) Recognize that resiliency, our ability to return to normal after a disaster, catastrophic accident, or terrorist attack, depends both on us as individuals and on our infrastructure and Recognize that a significant portion of our Nation’s infrastructure is in need of repair. [Alperen] Recognize the need to be proactive in creating disaster resilient communities and regions and a disaster resilient nation. [Gordon]

11 Preparedness Remediation,Protective Measures, & Mitigation Contingency Planning & Situational Awareness & Assessment Situational Awareness & Assessment Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D, GordonHomeland.com 4/20/2012 GordonHomeland.com 4/20/2012http:// GordonHomeland.comhttp:// GordonHomeland.com Modeled on an Adaptation of Todd Stewart’s Counter Terrorism Strategic Model Continuity of Operations Planning Operations Planning & Event Response Post-EventResponse AN ALL- HAZARDSEMERGENCYMANAGEMENTCYCLE Identify, Assess, & Characterize Hazards Crisis Management Management

12 A Typology of Emergencies of Differing Levels of Severity A typology that is pertinent to an all-hazards approach to emergency management as well as to a natural hazards approach to emergency management A typology that helps clarify the differences in impacts of emergencies of differing levels of severity and the implications of those differences for the emergency management cycle

13 A Typology of Emergencies Size of Emergency Number of Dead & Injured Roles of Government ApproachCharacteristics of Care Skill & Training Needs Small ScaleScoresLocal, State, and Regional Surge of capa- bilities ManageableSurge capa- bility Medium Scale HundredsAll levels of government ModifiedNormal to minimal Networked surge capability Large Scale ThousandsAll levels of government Modified to makeshift Normal to minimal Networked surge capability Catastrophic Scale MillionsAll levels of government Mostly makeshift Minimal or worse Make do capability Mega- Catastrophe Multi- millions to billions Remaining vestiges of government Totally makeshift Minimal if existent Improvisa- tional skills Adapted from Paula D. Gordon " Comparative Scenario and Options Analysis: Important Tools for Agents of Change Post 9/11 and Post Hurricane Katrina," Homeland Security Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2006 ( )

14 The Public Safety/Homeland Security Grid A way of seeing public safety and homeland security as being mutually inclusive A balanced and integrated emphasis on both public safety and homeland security, not one over the other.

15 9,1 9,9 Public Safety 5,5 1,1 Homeland Security 1,9

16 List of References: Alperen, M. J. (2011). Foundations of Homeland Security, Law and Policy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN Gordon, P. D. Improving Homeland Security & Critical Infrastructure Protection and Continuity Efforts, March 23, 2003 (A report that I did for the Lexington Institute.) See or use link at Gordon, P. D. Terrorism subsection of Improving Homeland Security & Critical Infrastructure Protection and Continuity Efforts,: “The Different Nature of Terrorism and Terrorist Threats Post 9/11 and the Implications of These Differences. See tm or use link at tmhttp://GordonHomeland.com

17 List of References (Continued): Gordon, P. D. "Comparative Scenario and Options Analysis: Important Tools for Agents of Change Post 9/11 and Post Hurricane Katrina," Homeland Security Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, Also posted at or Gordon, P. D. “Key Challenges for the Future of Homeland Security and Emergency Management Education,” PA TIMES, Vol. 31, Issue 8, August (The PA TIMES is a publication of the American Society for Public Administration.) (Posted at Gordon, P. D. “Pre- and Post-9/11 Perspectives: Understanding and Teaching about Differences in Perspectives Affecting Governance and Public Administration Post-9/11” (Ethics Today, Volume 11 Number 1 and 2, Spring and Summer 2009) URL:

18 List of References (Continued): Gordon, P. D. "A Matrix Approach to Comparing and Contrasting Some Differing Perspectives on the Federal Government’s Role in Hurricane Katrina and in Potential Catastrophic Events in the Future," abridged in August 2010 from a June 13, 2007 presentation for the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Executive Master of Science Program in Crisis and Emergency Management. ( GordonPublicAdministration.com) August 5, 2010.http:// GordonPublicAdministration.com Gordon, P. D and 2012 Course Descriptions and Objectives for two homeland security and emergency management courses taught for Auburn University’s Center for Governmental Services Emergency Management Certificate Program in 2011 and 2012 (http://GordonPublicAdministration.com).http://GordonPublicAdministration.com

19 List of References (Continued): Gordon, P. D. (compiler), “List of Selected Homeland Security and Emergency Management References and Resources” (118 pages) (Updated July 28, 2011.) Access at See Files Section.

20 Contact Information & Websites Paula D. Gordon, Ph.D. Educator/Writer/Consultant Instructor: Auburn University Center for Governmental Services Websites:


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