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Historical Background No State EM Offices Prior to Cold War 1950 CD Act -- Creation of State Offices –Established in All States –Primarily Small, Obscure.

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Presentation on theme: "Historical Background No State EM Offices Prior to Cold War 1950 CD Act -- Creation of State Offices –Established in All States –Primarily Small, Obscure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historical Background No State EM Offices Prior to Cold War 1950 CD Act -- Creation of State Offices –Established in All States –Primarily Small, Obscure Line Agencies –Focus is on National Security-Related CD –Highly Dependent on Federal Government 70’s and 80’s Evolution to All-Hazards Large Disasters Caused Further Evolution Now State EM Integral Part of State Gov.

2 State Government Roles in E.M. Enact EM Legislation, Codes, Regulations Enforce National Laws Develop Integrated CEM,4-Phased Pgms. Coordinate State Agency Activities Assist Local Governments Serve as Interface with Federal Agencies Fund Emergency Management Activities

3 Substantial State Disasters ,783 Required “Substantial” State Help 915 of these (19%) declared State Disasters 49 of these (1%) Presidential Declarations (NEMA/CSG 1998, 10)

4 Key State “Players” Legislature Governor and Aides State Office of Emergency Management Other State Agencies Private Sector Organizations Public Interest Groups

5 Role of State Legislature Shape Emergency Management Vision Develop State Strategy and Policy Provide Funding Influence Program Development Promote Good Land Use Policies Enact Statewide Building Codes Enact Mutual Aid Compacts

6 Emergency Management Funding Regular Appropriations Supplemental Appropriations Multiple Funding Sources Trust Funds, Fees and Surcharges –Florida Surcharge on Residential and Commercial Property Insurance Premiums

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8 Role of Governor Responsible for Emergency Management Declares State Disaster Directs State’s Disaster Response Commands State National Guard Sole Authority to Request Federal Aid Interstate Mutual Aid Agreements

9 Typical Gubernatorial Emergency Powers Authority to Declare Disasters Suspend State Laws Mobilize National Guard Seize Personal Property Direct Evacuation Authorize Emergency Funding

10 Typical Key State Agencies Planning Office Department of the Environment, Forestry Budget Office State Police and Fire Marshall’s Office Transportation, Public Works, Energy Health and Human Services, Labor State Emergency Response Commission National Guard Attorney General

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14 Components of a Successful State Emergency Mgmt. Agency Professionally Trained Staff Good Relationship with: –Governor’s Office –Legislature –Key State Agencies Sufficient Funding Arrangements Support for Four-Phased Program EM Integrated into Land-Use Planning, Economic Development, Environmental Protection –(National Conf. Of State Legislatures, 1997, 7)

15 State Office of E.M. Staffing Low of Couple Dozen Employees (1997) High of About 300 in California (1997) National Average of 38 Personnel (1997)

16 $1.18 $1.25 $1.62 $2.08 $2.77 Billion

17 12% 27% 45% 18%

18 State Population Grouping Small (up to 1 million) Medium (1-4 million) Large (4-10 million) Very Large (over 10 million) Average Spending $19,011,210 $8,381,180 $76,429,781 $301,884,697

19 $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400 $1, Fiscal Year Spending ($US Millions) $130 $198$206 $611 $1.2 Billion $690

20 State Population Grouping Small (up to 1 million) Medium (1-4 million) Large (4-10 million) Very Large (over 10 million) Average Spending $3,451,620 $2,122,093 $46,863,654 $178,027,797

21 10% 90%

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23 State Population Grouping Small (up to 1 million) Medium (1-4 million) Large (4-10 million) Very Large (over 10 million) Average Spending $4,587,606 $1,859,508 $7,476,522 $48,051,024

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25 State Population Grouping Small (up to 1 million) Medium (1-4 million) Large (4-10 million) Very Large (over 10 million) Average Spending $5,312,720 $1,717,207 $4,659,725 $31,340,880

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27 State Population Grouping Small (up to 1 million) Medium (1-4 million) Large (4-10 million) Very Large (over 10 million) Average Spending $7,922,980 $3,373,845 $17,429,880 $97,156,236

28 State Strengths and Shortcomings Strengths: –Laws and Authorities In-Place –Finance and Administration –Operations and Procedures –Exercising Shortcomings: –Resource Management –Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment –Response/Recovery Logistics/Facilities/Service (FEMA Capability Assessment)

29 State Emergency Mgmt. Trends Increased Spending Increased Emphasis on Mitigation Establishment of Funding Mechanisms Comprehensive State Planning Mandates State Building Codes Interstate Mutual Aid Agreements Staff Professionalization

30 Florida’s Disaster Trust Fund Emergency Management Preparedness and Assistance Trust Fund Created in 1992 by Legislature, Following Hurricane Andrew Component of Insurance Premiums –$2.00 on all Residential Insurance Policies –$4.00 on all Commercial Property Premiums $16 Million Created in 1996

31 Uses of Florida’s Disaster Trust Fund Critical Care Facility Upgrading and Retrofitting Hurricane Shutter Installation of Shelters Clearing Floodway Passages Financing Studies on –Evacuation –Citizen Disaster Education –Hazards Research

32 Emergency Management Assistance Compacts (EMAC) All States Can Participate EMAC Legislation Needs to be Passed 17 States and Territories Have Done So Endorsed by FEMA, NEMA, IEMA

33 Interstate Mutual Aid Agreements Clarify Legal/Regulatory Questions –Mutual Assistance –Tort Responsibility for Out-Of-State Workers Specify Reimbursement for Use of Personnel and Equipment Between States Facilitates Quicker State Assistance Enhances Knowledge, Skills, Abilities of Personnel Involved


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