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1 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MODERNIZATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INDIAN CITIES Original presentation has been modified for Internet use.

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Presentation on theme: "1 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MODERNIZATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INDIAN CITIES Original presentation has been modified for Internet use."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MODERNIZATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INDIAN CITIES Original presentation has been modified for Internet use.

2 2 STORAGE OF WASTE AT SOURCE STORAGE OF WASTE AT SOURCE. (a). HOUSEHOLDS/SHOPS/OFFICES/ESTABLISHMENTS MAY BE DIRECTED : NOT TO THROW ANY WASTE ON THE STREETS, FOOTPATHS,DRAINS, NEIGHBORHOOD, OPEN SPACES, WATER BODIES, ETC. STORE THE WASTE AT SOURCE INTO A DOMESTIC/TRADE/INSTITUTIONAL BIN OF APROPRIATE SIZE. BIN TO HAVE A LID FOR STORAGE OF FOOD WASTE. SOCIETIES, ASSOCIATION OF FLATS, MULTI STORIED BUILDINGS, COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES TO PROVIDE COMMUNITY BIN FACILITY TO THE MEMBERS.

3 3 CONTINUE…. LOCAL BODY TO PROVIDE COMMUNITY BINS IN THE SLUMS. EATING JOINTS, MARRIAGE HALLS, RELIGIOUS PLACES TO KEEP SUITABLE CONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OF WASTES.

4 4 (b). VEGETABLE/FRUIT/MEAT/FISH MARKETS NO MARKET WASTE TO BE DEPOSITED ON THE WALKWAYS IN THE MARKETS,STREETS OR OPEN SPACES. LOCAL BODY TO PROVIDE LARGE CONTAINERS IN THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE MARKETS FOR STORAGE OF WASTES AS AND WHEN GENERATED BY VEGETABLE AND FRUIT SHOPS.

5 5 COMMUNITY BINS IN FISH AND MEAT MARKETS TO DEPOSIT THE WASTE AT THE CLOSE OF THE DAY. MEAT AND FISH SHOPS TO KEEP PERSONAL BINS WITH LID FOR STORAGE OF WASTE THEY PRODUCE AND TRANSFER THE CONTENTS OF THESE BINS INTO THE COMMUNITY BIN PLACED IN THE MARKET BY THE LOCAL BODY AT THE END OF THE DAY.

6 6 (C). CONSTRUCTION WASTE  CONSTUCTION WASTE TO BE STORED WITHIN THE PREMISES.  CONSTRUCTION WASTE TO BE KEPT ON MUNICIPAL OR GOVERNMENT LAND ONLY WITH PRIOR PERMISSION.  CONTAINERS TO STORE CONSTRUCTION WASTE MAY BE INTRODUCED IN LARGE CITIES.  ADVANCES/DEPOSITS TO BE PAID TO THE LOCAL BODY FOR CLEARANCE OF THIS WASTE.

7 7 (d). BIO-MEDICAL WASTE  ALL BIO-MEDICAL WASTE TO BE STORED AS PER THE DIRECTIONS CONTAINED IN BIO-MEDICAL WASTE RULES OF MOEF, GOI DATED 20TH JULY 1998

8 8 B. SEGREGATION OF RECYCLABLE WASTE ALL HOUSEHOLDS, SHOPS & ESTABLISHMENTS NOT TO MIX RECYCLABLE WASTES SUCH AS PAPER, PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS, RAGS, RUBBER, ETC., WITH FOOD WASTE OR OTHER BIODEGRADABLE WASTE AT SOURCE. KEEP A SEPARATE BIN OR BAG FOR THE STORAGE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

9 9 C. PRIMARY COLLECTION OF WASTES DOMESTIC WASTES OPTIONS HOUSE TO HOUSE COLLECTION THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION USING BELL/UNCONVENTIONAL HORN COLLECTION FROM THE COMMUNITY BINS DOOR STEP COLLECTION ON FULL COST RECOVERY BASIS THROUGH NGOs/CONTRACTORS.

10 10 MODUS OPERANDI DOORSTEP COLLECTIONS THROUGH CONTAINERIZED HANDCARTS/TRI-CYCLES/PICK UP VANS. SWEEPER TO RING BELL OR BLOW WHISTLE/HORN ANNOUNCING HIS ARIVAL. HOUSEHOLDS TO DEPOSIT WASTE IN THE HANDCART/TRICYCLE/PICK UP VAN. EACH SWEEPER TO BE GIVEN 300 TO 500 RUNNING METERS OF ROAD LENGTH FOR SWEEPING AND 150 TO 250 HOUSES FOR DOORSTEP COLLECTION DEPENDING ON DENSITY OF POPULATION.

11 11 LARGE NUMBER OF HOUSES TO BE GIVEN IF MOTIRIZED VEHICLE IS USED FOR COLLECTION. COLLECTION FROM COMMUNITY BINS THROUGH HAND CARTS, TRICYCLES OR PICK UP VANS. DOORSTEP COLLECTION FROM HOUSE-TO- HOUSE IN POSH AREAS TO BE DONE ON FULL COST RECOVERY THROUGH NGOs/CONTRACTORS.

12 12 D. COLLECTION OF RECYCLABLE WASTES RAG PICKERS BE ORGANIZED THROUGH NGOs FOR DOORSTEP COLLECTION. RAG PICKERS MAY BE ALLOTTED 300 DWELLING UNITS PLUS SOME COMMERCIAL UNITS BY NGOs. GIVEN IDENTITY CARDS BY NGOs. GIVEN TOOLS FOR COLLECTION OF RECYCLABLE WASTE. NGOs TO BE AUTHORIZED AND SUPPORTED BY THE LOCAL BODIES.

13 13 E. PRIMARY COLLECTION FROM SHOPS AND ESTABLISHMENTS. THIS WASTE IS GENERALLY RECLABLE. RAG PICKERS MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH THIS ACTIVITY THROUGH NGOs FOR DOORSTEP COLLECTION. ASSOCIATION OF MARKETS MAY BE PERSUADED TO COOPERATE. IN ABSENCE OF ARRANGEMENTS WITH RAG PICKERS THIS SERVICE MAY BE CONTRACTED OUT ON FULL COST RECOVERY BASIS.

14 14 CONTINUE …. DOORSTEP COLLECTIONS FROM HOTEL & RESTAURANT TO BE CONTRACTED OUT. BIOMEDICAL WASTES TO BE COLLECTED AS PER THE DIRECTIONS CONTAINED IN BIOMEDICAL RULES OF MOEF, GOI DATED 20TH JULY 1998.

15 15 STREET SWEEPING SWEEPING OF ALL ROADS, STREETS, LANES, BY- LANES HAVING HABITATION OR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY TO BE DONE ON ALL THE 365 DAYS IN A YEAR INCLUDING SUNDAYS AND PUBLIC HOLIDAYS. ISOLATED ROADS HAVING NO HABITATION OR NO COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY MAY BE GROUPED AND CLEANED PERIODICALLY AT FIXED INTERVALS. ALL OPEN PUBLIC SPACES ALSO TO BE CLEANED REGULARLY AT FIXED INTERVALS TO PREVENT SUCH OPEN SPACES BECOMING DUMP YARDS.

16 16 APPOINT SUBSTITUTE WORKERS WHEN SOMEONE IS ABSENT OR ON LEAVE. PROHIBIT BURNING OF WASTE ON THE STEETS. DEFAULTERS BE PUNISHED. PROHIBIT DEPOSITION OF WASTE INTO DRAINS, NALAS, WATER BODIES - DEFAULTERS TO BE PUNISHED. DO NOT PERMIT DEPOSITION OF SILT ON THE EDGE OF THE DRAINS/STREETS BEYOND 24 HOURS. ARRANGE FOR DIRECT DEPOSITION OF SILT IN THE SEAMLESS HANDCART AND TRANSFER TO A LARGE CONTAINER. PROVIDE LITER BINS AT SHORT DISTANCES ON ALL IMPORTANT ROADS, MARKETS, PUBLIC SPACES.

17 17 WORK NORMS STREET SWEEPING –MORNING HOURS HIGH DENSITY AREAS RUNNING METRES MEDIUM DENSITY AREAS RUNNING METRES LOW DENSITY AREAS RUNNING METRES –AFTERNOON HOURS SLUM POCKETS/UN AUTHORISED SETTLEMENTS50% OF MORNING WORK ASSIGNED


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