Presentation on theme: "Achieving Sustainable Food security in Bangladesh Perspective from Organic Farming."— Presentation transcript:
Achieving Sustainable Food security in Bangladesh Perspective from Organic Farming
Nature, Extent and Trends of Food Production in Bangladesh Agriculture supports livelihoods of 75-85% population It contributes 23.47% of GDP in Agricultural products contribute 5.10% of the total country’s export. In last few decades farmers inclined more to input based cash cropping This made farmers dependent on market economy than subsistence economy.
Food Security : A Conceptual Framework IT’S About Local agricultural production and production system. Farmers right to produce food and consumers rights to consumption and purchase The right of nations to protect themselves from cheap agricultural and food imports (dumping). Linking agricultural prices to production costs Acknowledging the right of women farmers
Food Security Nexus FOOD SOVEREIGNTY National security, complies with the national sovereignty. Producers Rights and Control on the Production System Supportive to sustainable agriculture, poverty eradication, alternative to neo-liberal policies. FOOD SECURITY About food Production Agenda of States and UN Physical and economic access Promotes unfair trading aid politics and dumping.
Nature, Extent and Trends of Food Production in Bangladesh Cropping pattern and seasonality changed significantly over time Input and irrigation based transplanted Aman increased from 38% to 48% and Boro 9% to 32%. Seasonal Aus Cultivation decreased from 33% to 13% and Deepwater Aman from 20% to 7%. Single cropped and double cropped land areas has converted to tripled crop areas, which is 51% now Land-man ratio and inter-farm competition increases, farmers are bound to increase the intensity of land use.
Nature, Extent and Trends of Food Production in Bangladesh 6.7% HH occupy 44 % land and 93.3 % HH occupy 56 % marginal and sharecroppers loosing land and stepping towards landlessness farmers forced to maximize output using land intensively In cropping intensity were which increased to in 2001 This situation aggravated by the State sponsored strategy of Green Revolution and liberalization of Import Market
Green Revolution and its Consequences Policies to promote HYV tech. Increased application of chemical fertilizers and insecticides Cropping intensity increased by 600 percent, proportion of irrigated land by 800, HYV land by 1300 and rice yield increased by 65 per cent We lost soil fertility Rice Variety decreased to about 20 from 1400 YearProportion of net sown area under irrigation Rice Wheat Proportion area under HYV Total chemical fertilizer use (m. ton) Rice Yield (lb per acre)
Transition: Green Revolution to Gene Revolution 800 m. people are food insecure, 160 m children suffer from protein malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies results loss in human potentials ---are the excuses of IFIs for advocating GM technology in the LDCs Poor of LDCs consume Kg of rice per year, Vit-A enriched rice can support critical micronutrient ----a corporate statement favoring Rice Bio- technology Such neo-liberal policies facilitate international trade over peoples’ food rights and undermine food sovereignty It driven millions of farmers from traditional agricultural, forcing them into rural exodus or migration.
Displacement of Labor force and Small Farm holders Degradation of Human Health and Land Fertility Disappearance of Local Seeds and its Preservation Culture Monoculture and Bio-piracy Threatening to the Community Owned Bio-diversity Privatization of Public Commons: A Critical Concern on Flood Plains Areas Crises of Food Sovereignty: Privatization of Public Commons
Land Ownership: Question of Reform 5.2% of total population is landless, 34% HHs do not own cultivable land. Poor people have limited access to Kash land Export led Shrimp Monoculture and Corporate Control on Farming System Demand for shrimp increase 1- 5 % per year Area under production is 200,000 ha compared to ha in 1998 ecologically, socially and economically destructive. Disappearance of 21, acre mangrove forest in Cox’s Bazaar. Crises of Food Sovereignty: Export Led Monoculture
Neo-liberal Globalization: Pauperizing Food Sovereignty Removed trade barriers, agriculture subsidies under SAP State companies in seeds and other inputs are dismantled and privatized by the neo-liberal policies of WB and IMF. Agreement of WTO i.e AoA, SPS, TRIPS etc. strengthen corporate control over agriculture trading Snatching of indigenous skills and resources through patenting, bio- piracy and GE Crises of Food Sovereignty: Snatching of Indigenous Skills
Subsidy and Competitiveness and Dumping Bangladesh provides 0.5 % of the total value of the agriculture output, India gives 7% the WTO permissible limit is 10%. Corporate Control on Seed Market and Violating Farmers Right 10 corporations control 32% of the seed market, valued at 23 b. USD, and 100% of GE seeds. Monopolistic control over agricultural production, imbalance subsidy resulting dumping of food grains from the U S and EU to the Third World. Crises of Food Sovereignty: Uneven Trade Competition
In last 100 years Bangladesh warmed up about 0.5 degree C and 0.5 m rise of sea level 1 m sea rise in sea level inundate h Coastal Agriculture land Transfer of water by proposed RLP of India will cause substantial water flow decrease in the lower Meghna and cause saline water intrusion. Bangladesh suffering acute water shortage for Farakkah since RLP will endanger agricultural and biological resources of Bangladesh. Crises of Food Sovereignty: Climate Change
Grassroots Practices to Secure Food Sovereignty Promotion of Regenerative Agriculture Promotion and preservation of local seeds, plants in community organization level Nutrition education tailoring to the need of child, older people and pregnant mothers, Promotion and preservation of organic agriculture, Herbal and Seed Campaign against consumerism Networking for creating movement in local, national and international level
Grassroots Practices to Secure Food Sovereignty Advocacy for pro-farmer Policy Adoption Increase and Rationalize Subsidy mainly to- irrigation, Develop water reservoir rather subsidizing on diesel Develop community based seed store through involving Union Parishad Promote research of bio- fertilizers and bio-pesticides Protect marginal farmers from land less ness.