Presentation on theme: "Scale, Socio-ecological Networks, Corruption and Patronage: Factors Affecting the Sustainability of Plant Resources in Nepal."— Presentation transcript:
Scale, Socio-ecological Networks, Corruption and Patronage: Factors Affecting the Sustainability of Plant Resources in Nepal
Objectives To analyse the perception of the people at different levels on plant resources in Nepal What is the role of the socio-ecological factors, for example, kin, friends and political networks, monetary flows and patronage, all work together and affect the sustainability of plant resources To find out who is doing what
Orchids Sunakhari is an orchid, which is a plant of genera Dedrobium Sunakhari is not in local medical use but was in trade Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) and Orchids Sunakhari from Nepal has been exported in China. It is one of the top 50 herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Why this ethnobotanical research? An ethnobotanical research has not yet been conducted in this area, or indeed in Nepal as a whole Ethnographic field work, participants observation, interviews
Village level Dandabas, local people, Orchid Top level Kathmandu (Capital), policy, planning Middle level Hetauda, DFO, Traders Orchid journey through different levels
Dandabas, a Tamang village in the Makawanpur district
Dandabas 2010 – Village level A school girl selling her orchids in village tea shop A local collector collected up to 25 kilogrammes in one morning A local trader described three different types of Sunakhari based on its price A social worker said that his village was hell in the past...
Sunakhari (three species of Dendrobium)
Class one Sunakhari (Dendrobium eriaeflorum) on sale in the village tea shop
Hetauda – Middle level District Forest Office (DFO) Traders and local industries We are just doing our job We do what it is written on our work plan Traders persuade collectors DFO should provide trainings to the collectors Legal money Illegal money
Kathmandu – Top level Department of Forest Ministry of Forest Policy is not clear We only look at trees We have legal authority but do not have manpower to identify plants... Frequent government changes lead changes in policy from govt to govt Formed high level commission of 6 members, 10 points procedures Impose complete ban on Sunakhari collection A study team and its report
School girls carrying leaf debris from the forest
People carrying fodder in a local bus
Assumed three levels (bottom, middle and top) DANIDA, DFID, DABUR, AUS AID may not even identify plant species, and are unaware of local ecosystems Political leaders NGO’s and CBO’s District forest offices / officers Media, Journalists Village chieftains Business representatives Community Forestry User Groups Local people have knowledge on slow growing nature of Taxus but they are unaware of the commercial use of Taxus leaves Government of Nepal may not even know a plant’s local uses. Top level Middle level Bottom level
Thank you very much Queries, comments and feedbacks!!! This research is supported by the Rufford Small Grant Foundation for Nature Conservation; and partially supported by University Small Grants, University of Aberdeen and the Hardy Plant Society, UK.