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Beginning of the Cold War and 1950s Jeopardy Review.

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Presentation on theme: "Beginning of the Cold War and 1950s Jeopardy Review."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Beginning of the Cold War and 1950s Jeopardy Review

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4 1. Who developed a vaccine for the crippling disease poliomyelitis or Polio?

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6 Dr. Jonas Salk

7 2. It caused fear that the USSR had gained a military superiority, and raised concerns about the state of Americas science education.

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9 The 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik I

10 3. What is the foreign policy favored by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that advocated never backing down in dealing with the Soviet Union and pushing negotiations to the brink of nuclear war?

11 3. What is the foreign policy favored by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that advocated never backing down in dealing with the Soviet Union and pushing negotiations to the brink of nuclear war?

12 Brinkmanship

13 4. Established the CIA, reorganized the military under a new Department of Defense, and created the National Security Council.

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15 4. This established the CIA, reorganized the military under a new Department of Defense, and created the National Security Council. The National Security Act of 1947?

16 5. What was Trumans extension of Roosevelts New Deal that included proposals for a nationwide system of compulsory health insurance and a crop- subsidy system?

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18 Fair Deal

19 6. Who is William J. Levitt?

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21 6. William J. Levitt The the Henry Ford of housing by mass-producing affordable, two-bedroom houses in suburban communities.

22 7. What caused the Red Scare in the late 1940s and early 1950s?

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24 Mao Zedongs establishment of a Communist government in China, fear of Soviet expansion, and the Republicans desire to discredit the Democrats and recapture the presidency.

25 8. What is the foreign policy doctrine that committed the U.S. to policing the Mid-East to keep out Communism?

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27 The Eisenhower Doctrine

28 9. What was the largest company in the world during the 1950s and a leader of the American economy?

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30 General Motors

31 10. Its capture in 1960 undermined Eisenhowers efforts to ease tensions between the U.S. and the USSR.

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33 What is the U-2 spy plane piloted by Gary Powers and shot down over the Soviet Union on May 1, 1960?

34 11. A program of financial aid to rebuild European countries after WWII and to stabilize them against Communism.

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36 What is the Marshall Plan?

37 12. Who gained power in Russia after Stalin died?

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39 Khrushchev

40 13. Who is Jackie Robinson

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42 First African American to play in major league baseball: the Brooklyn Dodgers, 1947

43 14. What is the name of the first satellite that the Soviet Union launched?

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45 Sputnik

46 15. What are the characteristics of families portrayed on 1950s T.V. programs.

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48 White, middle class, nuclear families with traditional gender roles.

49 16. The GI Bill

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51 What is the Servicemans Readjustment Act, signed by FDR in 1944 to give returning veterans money for education or training, and low-cost loans for businesses and housing.

52 17. Her refusal to stand up and move touched off a year-long boycott, a legal challenge to public transportation segregation laws, and catapulted Martin Luther King, Jr. to national prominence.

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54 Who is Rosa Parks?

55 18. The Consumer demand, federal defense spending, and technological advances such as the first introduction of mainframe computers did what?

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57 What fueled the economic prosperity of the 1950s?

58 19. He accused several government officials of being Communists and led investigations of them.

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60 Who is Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy?

61 20. What happened to Rosie the Riveter? (i.e. women with wartime jobs)

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63 Most quit their jobs and returned home, but more were working outside the home in 1959 than in 1950.

64 21. It kept West Berlin from falling under Soviet control.

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66 What is the Berlin Airlift from June 1948 to May 1949.

67 22. Who fought in the Korean War?

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69 The United States, South Korea, North Korea, China, and a small number of U.N. troops.

70 23. What caused the rapid expansion of television in the 1950s?

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72 Creation of a nationwide network of transmission towers and signal relays, new broadcasts by ABC, NBC, and CBS, and the affordability of receivers.

73 24. What was the Federal Interstate and Defense Highway Act ?

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75 What 1956 law appropriated $25 billion to construct a system of interstate highways to improve transportation in the U.S. and, if necessary, facilitate the move- ment of troops and weapons?

76 25. What name did disc jockey Alan Freed give to an energetic style of music with a strong back beat, initially performed by Black musicians, that became popular with 1950s teenagers?

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78 Rock n Roll

79 26. Bomb shelters, duck-and- cover drills, and shelter signs on city buildings.

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81 What were measures taken by homeowners, school, and city officials in the 1950s to prepare for a nuclear attack.

82 27. What Supreme Court decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson by ruling that separate but equal school facilities for Blacks and Whites were unconstitutional?

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84 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

85 29. Who was Jack Kerouac?

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87 Well-known writer of the Beat Generation, who wrote his best- known book, On the Road, in 20 days and published it in 1957.

88 30. It authorized military action against North Korean invaders of the South.

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90 What is the United Nations?

91 th parallel

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93 What was the border between North and South Korea at both the start and end of the Korean War?

94 32. Why did Truman remove General Douglas MacArthur in 1953?

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96 Because he was insubordinate and wanted to attack China directly.

97 33. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

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99 Who are the husband and wife executed in 1953 for giving nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union?

100 34. Who were the Hollywood 10?

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102 Who were a group of 10 Hollywood writers who refused to cooperate with the House Un- American Activities Committees 1947 investigation of communists in Hollywood.

103 35. Why were Richard Nixon and Alger Hiss important?

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105 Who were a young Congressman from California elected in 1946 and a State Department employee accused by Nixon of being a Soviet spy and jailed for seven years?

106 36. Who were the Baby boomers?

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108 What name is given to the 76 million children born between 1946 and 1964?

109 37. The Iron Curtain

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111 What phrase did Winston Churchill coin in 1946 to describe the forced segregation of Eastern Europe from the West?

112 38. What was the Truman Doctrine?

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114 What is the foreign policy that committed the U.S. to support free people resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure?

115 39. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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117 What is the mutual defense pact the U.S. entered with Canada and 10 European nations in 1949?

118 40. The Nuremberg Trials

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120 What were the trials of Nazi leaders for war crimes before an international tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany?

121 41. What name is sometimes given to the Constitution of Japan because Douglas MacArthur directed the democratization of Japan during the period of U.S. occupation from 1946 to 1952?

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123 The MacArthur Constitution

124 42. Thirty-six thousand Americans died here but war was never declared.

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126 Where is Korea between 1950 and 1953?

127 43. What is the diplomatic philosophy, championed by George F. Kennan, of staunchly resisting Communism wherever it tried to expand in the world?

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129 Containment

130 44. Communist rebels in Turkey and Greece plus Britains post- war economic hardships led to the formulation of this U.S. foreign policy

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132 45. Communist rebels in Turkey and Greece plus Britains post- war economic hardships led to the formulation of this U.S. foreign policy What is the Truman Doctrine?

133 46. This new communication and entertainment medium contributed to the discrediting of Joseph McCarthy in 1954

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135 What is television?

136 Final Jeopardy Category Cold War in Asia

137 U.S.-supported leader of the Nationalist Chinese who fled to Formosa after being defeated by Mao Zedongs Communists Who is Chiang Kai-shek


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