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America and the Great War AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "America and the Great War AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 America and the Great War AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2009

2 Collapse of European Peace Competing alliances Anglo-German rivalry Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

3 Wilsons Neutrality Remain neutral in thought as well as deed.-Wilson Impossible Split sympathies Reports of German atrocities Economic ties to Britain Submarine warfare Sinking of Lusitania (1916) Sussex attacked Germans relent

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6 Preparedness vs. Pacifism Pressure from fellow progressives Ethnic pressures 1916 election What did we do? What did we do?...We didnt go to war! He kept us out of war.

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8 A War for Democracy Wilson calls for peace without victory Zimmermann Telegram (Feb. 1917) Russian Revolution topples Czar (March 1917) Germans torpedo 3 American ships War declared April 6, 1917 a war to end all wars a concert of free peoples…shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free.

9 The American Expeditionary Force Selective Service Act Led by John J. Pershing Trench warfare in France Assist French in repelling German assaults Château-Thierry Rheims Meuse-Argonne Offensive Germans surrender November 11, 1918 Armistice Day

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12 New Technology of Warfare Machine guns Higher-powered artillery Tanks Flame throwers Chemical weapons Mustard gas Gas masks required Motorized vehicles Airplanes Zeppelins New battleships Torpedoes

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15 High Casualty Rates British Empire1,000,000 France1,700,000 Germany2,000,000 Austro-Hungarian1,500,000 Russia1,700,000 Italy 460,000 United States 112,000

16 America and the Great War AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2009


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