Presentation on theme: "Measurement and Precision NOTES You need your clicker ( from the 1 st Day)"— Presentation transcript:
Measurement and Precision NOTES You need your clicker ( from the 1 st Day)
Equipment Scavenger Hunt Answers on my CP Chem page (on my website!)
Accuracy vs. Precision Accuracy is how close your measurement is to the actual or accepted value. Precision is the degree of “exactness” of a set of measurements – something you can repeat the same way again and again. Also, a number with more significant figures is more precise than one with less.
accurate (the average is accurate) not precise precise not accurate accurate and precise
The Basic Rules of Sig. Figs! 1.NONzero Numbers are ALWAYS significant! (ex. (123456789!) 2. ZEROs within other nonzero numbers ARE sig. (ex. 50005 all are significant!) 3. Zeros that are PLACE HOLDERS are NOT significant! (.0000005 or 50000) *However a decimal shows precision (50000.) We will use the DOT RIGHT, NOT LEFT method.
When using or averaging a set of numbers, the final answer can only be as precise as THE LEAST precise number!!!!! Look for the number that is the least precise and round the answer to the same number of digits. For addition and subtraction: Line up the numbers and round to the last decimal place of the least precise number. Add the following set and round the answer to the correct number of places..0029, 1.00988, 15.2, 12.098 For multiplication and division: Round the final answer to the same NUMBER of SIGNIFICANT FIGURES as the number of sig. fig.s in the least precise measurement. Example:.05x2001 = 100 (only 1 S.F.)
What is the most commonly used SI unit/units for the following? Mass – g (kg for physics) Length – m Volume – L (usually ml for chem) Density – g/ml or g/cc
How to Convert???? The easy way: 1. Write down the scale or use the print out of the entire scale. Kilo- hecta- deka- X deci- centi- milli- micro- K h da base unit d c m µ (3 dec. places) Try 1g µg 2. Find out what unit you have. (grams) 3. Count the # of spaces you need to move. 4. Figure out what direction to go.
The metric system is based on multiples of 100. 1.True 2.False Response Grid
What is 5.0121 rounded to the hundredths place? a.5.01 b.5.0 c.5 d.None of these Response Grid
What is 5.0121 rounded to the tenths place? a.5.01 b.5.0 c.5 d.None of these Response Grid
What is 152,251 rounded to the hundreds place? a.152 b.152,000 c.152,250 d.152,300 Response Grid
What is 152,251 rounded to the thousands place? a.152 b.152,000 c.152,250 d.152,300 Response Grid
How many milliliters are there in a Liter? a.1 b.10 c.100 d.1000 Response Grid
The measurement 20.00 grams is more precise than 20 grams. 1.True 2.False Response Grid
Which of the following best describes the length of the beetle's body in the picture? a.1 to 2cm b.1.5 to 1.6cm c.1.54 to 1.56cm d.1.546 to 1.547cm Response Grid
If the black lines in the picture at left just touch the rim of the penny, which of the following best describes the penny's diameter? a.1 to 2 b.1.9 to 2.0cm c.1.92 to 1.94cm d.1.935 to 1.945 cm Response Grid
What can you estimate from the left ruler? a.1-2 in b.1.5 in c.1.45 in d.1.450in Response Grid
What can you estimate from the RIGHT ruler? a.1-2 in b.1.5 in c.1.45 in d.1.450in Response Grid
Levi collects the following measurements: 50.33g, 50.32g, 50. 31g The actual accepted value is 55.60 grams, what can we say about his data? a.It is precise and accurate. b.It is precise, but not accurate. c.It is accurate, but not precise.
Katie collects the following measurements: 55.63g, 55.62g, 55. 61g The actual accepted value is 55.60 grams, what can we say about her data? a.It is precise and accurate. b.It is precise, but not accurate. c.It is accurate, but not precise.
These two are equivalent:.230km in 230m and equal in number of significant digits. 1.True 2.False
Which number has 4 significant figures? a.1.00 b.1020 c.100. d.1000. e.B and D
Bob is going to run 5km. This is the same as running 5000m. 1.True 2.False
Which number has the most significant figures? a.10 b.100 c.1000 d.They all have the same # of sig. figs
How many tablespoons are in a cup? a.10 b.12 c.14 d.16