Presentation on theme: "On the page, in the ear and with the tools"— Presentation transcript:
1On the page, in the ear and with the tools Poetry TermsOn the page, in the ear and with the tools
2On the page—STANZAS One of the primary organizers of poetry (the paragraphs ofpoetry)Couplet Sestet 6Triplet Septet 7Quatrain Octave 8Quintet 5
3On the page—Line Breaks Creates rhythm or soundSignals meaningSometimes gives poems a particular appearance
4On the page—Indentations Foregroundsdifferent words/ideasSignals meaningSometimes gives poems a particular appearance
5On the page—White Space Signals meaning“I also liked the way poetry looked on the page—all that white space around the words suggested that each word had honor.”-- Shihab NyeI loved poetry's leaping interweave, the selectiveness of each magical word. Poetry wasn't worrying about anything. It was contemplating. I loved the rich descriptions of lines and scenes. Poetry wasn't trying to get us to do anything, it was simply inviting us to think, and feel, and see. It was language we could tuck under our chins. A cool sheet, a cotton quilt.Poetry's understated quality of hinting somehow felt better than the words that got passed around the rest of the day. With intimate immediacy, poetry took me to a deeper place, a time-pillow of heightened consciousness. I am sitting on the step of the book, soaking something in ...I also liked the way poetry looked on the page--all that white space around the words suggested that each word had honor.
6On the page—Punctuation Signals meaningSignals pauseSignals breathShapes meaningDawkins Hierarchy of puctuation
7Dawkins Hierarchy of Punctuation Dawkins Hierarchy of puctuation
8In the Ear—Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds in wordsExample“We wear the mask that grins and lies,/”Paul Laurence Dunbar, “We Wear the Mask”
9In the Ear—Consonance The repetition of consonant sounds in words Similar to alliteration, but not limited to first letter of wordsExample“We wear the mask that grins and lies,/It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,--/”Paul Laurence Dunbar, “We Wear the Mask”
10In the ear—AssonanceThe repetition of vowel sounds without repeating consonantsExample:“Like stalks of tall, dry strawAt poor peace I sing”Dylan Thomas, “Prologue”
11In the Ear—Onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound suggests its meaningExamples:ClangBuzzTwangswoosh
12In the Ear—RepetitionWe Real CoolBy Gwendolyn Brooks The Pool Players. Seven at the Golden Shovel. We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon.The repeating of a word, a phrase, or an idea for emphasis or effect
13In the Ear—End Rhyme /Rhyme Scheme The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two lines of poetryThe StormJames K. McAlisterWind rustled crunching leaves aThat on the sidewalk lay bThere was a big storm coming cOn a windy Autumn day bThunder rumbled overhead dAnd shook me through and through. eA jagged bolt of lightning struck! fThe sky then cracked in two! eRain washed down the dirty road. gIt hissed, and gushed, and muttered. hThe downpour swept dead leaves away iInto the bubbling gutter. h
14In the Ear—Internal Rhyme We Real CoolBy Gwendolyn Brooks The Pool Players. Seven at the Golden Shovel. We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon.Occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry
15In the Ear—Rhythm Regular or random occurrence of sound in poetry Regular is called meterRandom is called Free VerseContemporary poetry often uses free verse
16Tools—Metaphorcomparison between essentially unlike things without using words OR application of a name or description to something to which it is not literally applicableA Three Point Shot From AndromedaBy Paul Beattyrain rusted orangering of saturnin urban orbitover an outdoor gymWhat two things are being compared?
17Tools—Similecomparison between two essentially unlike things using words such as "like," as," or "as though”Example:“Of asphodel, that greeny flower,like a buttercupupon its branching stem-”William Carlos Williams, “Asphodel, that Greeny Flower”
18Tools—Hyperbole An exaggeration for emphasis The Storm James K. McAlisterWind rustled crunching leavesThat on the sidewalk lay.There was a big storm comingOn a windy Autumn day.Thunder rumbled overheadAnd shook me through and through.A jagged bolt of lightning struck!The sky then cracked in two!Rain washed down the dirty road.It hissed, and gushed, and muttered.The downpour swept dead leaves awayInto the bubbling gutter.An exaggeration for emphasis
19Tools—ImageryA word or sequence of words representing a sensory experience (visual, auditory, olfactory, tactile, and gustatory)Example: Billy Collins, “Litany”“You are the bread and the knife,the crystal goblet and the wine.You are the dew on the morning grassand the burning wheel of the sun.You are the white apron of the baker,and the marsh birds suddenly in flight.”
20Tools—AllusionA a reference to the person, event, or work outside the poem or literary pieceExample: Dylan Thomas’s “Fern Hill”And then to awake, and the farm, like a wanderer whiteWith the dew, come back, the cock on his shoulder: it was allShining, it was Adam and maiden,The sky gathered againAnd the sun grew round that very day.
21Tools—SymbolAn object or action that stands for something beyond itselfGreen Light and Gamma WaysBy Thylias MossMiss Liberty is green, the horizon and skyplus yellow skin.She is a minority too, colorof ridiculous Martian fableand not a man.Handicapped, disabled.Another immigrant.
22Tools—MetonymyAn idea associated with something substituted for the wholeThe Big Apple = New YorkThe Crown = RoyaltyLand of the Free and Home of the Brave = USAThe Suits = stuffy, upper middle class, bosses