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A New Plan of Government Chapter 7 Lesson 3 1787 Textbook pp. 194-199.

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Presentation on theme: "A New Plan of Government Chapter 7 Lesson 3 1787 Textbook pp. 194-199."— Presentation transcript:

1 A New Plan of Government Chapter 7 Lesson Textbook pp

2 The Constitution’s Sources The _________ were the men who shaped the Constitution.

3 The Constitution’s Sources The Framers were the men who shaped the Constitution.

4 The Constitution’s Sources

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6 European Influences The belief that all people have a right to ____, _______, ____________ was promoted by philosopher __________.

7 European Influences The belief that all people have a right to life, liberty, and property was promoted by philosopher John Locke.

8 European Influences ___________ argued for ____________________ powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial ___________ __________. He believed that this would help guarantee __________ ______.

9 European Influences Montesquieu argued for separate and balanced powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. He believed that this would help guarantee individual liberty.

10 Federalism A system of government where power is ________________________________ governments is called federalism.

11 Federalism A system of government where power is shared between the national and state governments is called federalism.

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13 Government Branches The branch of government that makes laws is called the ___________ branch and is called Congress by the Constitution. Congress is made up of the _____ of Representatives and the ______. Congress can tax, draft people into the army, declare war, coin money, and regulate trade.

14 Government Branches The branch of government that makes laws is called the legislative branch and is called Congress by the Constitution. Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Congress can tax, draft people into the army, declare war, coin money, and regulate trade.

15 Government Branches The branch of the government that is headed by the _________ is called the _________ branch. The executive branch “executes” or carries out the laws that Congress passes.

16 Government Branches The branch of the government that is headed by the president is called the executive branch. The executive branch “executes” or carries out the laws that Congress passes.

17 Government Branches The branch of government that deals with the __________ is called the ________ branch. “The Supreme Court and other federal courts hear cases involving the Constitution, federal laws, and disputes between states.” - Discovering our Past, p. 197

18 Government Branches The branch of government that deals with the court system is called the judicial branch. “The Supreme Court and other federal courts hear cases involving the Constitution, federal laws, and disputes between states.” - Discovering our Past, p. 197

19 Government Branches The _________________ is the group of people that indirectly elects the president.

20 Government Branches The Electoral College is the group of people that indirectly elects the president. Electoral College School House Rock song

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22 Checks and Balances “Checks and balances” is a system that keeps any one branch of government from gaining too much power. Each branch can “_____” or ______________ of the other two branches.

23 Checks and Balances “Checks and balances” is a system that keeps any one branch of government from gaining too much power. Each branch can “check” or limit the power of the other two branches.

24 Checks and Balances Examples: Congress can ____ a law. The president can ____ it. Congress can ______ the veto. The Supreme Court can interpret the Constitution and _________ legislation. Congress can check decisions made by the Court by ________ the Constitution or revising legislation.

25 Checks and Balances Examples: Congress can pass a law. The president can veto it. Congress can override the veto. The Supreme Court can interpret the Constitution and strike down legislation. Congress can check decisions made by the Court by amending the Constitution or revising legislation.

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27 Look at the relationships between the branches of government in this chart…

28 Federalists and Anti-Federalists The ___________ were __ the Constitution.

29 Federalists and Anti-Federalists The Federalists were for the Constitution.

30 Federalists and Anti-Federalists _____________, were _______ the Constitution and feared the national government would ____ _________ from people. The Anti-Federalists also favored local government __________ more closely ______________.

31 Federalists and Anti-Federalists Anti-Federalists, were against the Constitution and feared the national government would take rights away from people. The Anti-Federalists also favored local government controlled more closely by the people.

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33 Ratifying the Constitution Rhode Island became the last state to ratify or _______ the Constitution in May 1790.

34 Ratifying the Constitution Rhode Island became the last state to ratify or approve the Constitution in May 1790.


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