Presentation on theme: "VOTING AND VOTERS INCREASING SUFFRAGE 15TH AMENDMENT=BLACKS"— Presentation transcript:
1 VOTING AND VOTERS INCREASING SUFFRAGE 15TH AMENDMENT=BLACKS CH 8 SUMVOTING AND VOTERSINCREASING SUFFRAGE15TH AMENDMENT=BLACKS19TH AMENDMENT=WOMEN24TH AMENDMENT=NON-TAXPAYERS26TH AMENDMENT=18 TO 21 YEAR OLDS
2 VOTING AND VOTERS STATE QUALIFICATIONS CH 8 SUMVOTING AND VOTERSSTATE QUALIFICATIONS18, CITIZEN, RESIDENT, REGISTEREDREASONS FOR NOT VOTINGCANNOT VOTERSSUPPORTIVE NON-VOTERS(Oakwood ?)ALIENATED NON-VOTERS(Jefferson ?)LACK OF INTEREST / APATHY
3 AMERICANS…LESS LIKELY TO VOTE THAN EUROPEANSUS HAS MORE ELECTIVE OFFICES( ABOUT 52, 000+)US HAS A COMPLEX REGISTRATION PROCESSUS POLITICAL PARTIES ARE WEAKERUS HAS LESS DAILY GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT
45 Ways to Improve Voter Turnout Make registration and absentee voting easier.Make Election Day a holiday.Strengthen political parties.
46 Patterns in Vote Choice Party members most dependable for party nominees.Ticket-splitting has increased.Race: minorities largely vote for Democrats.Gender: women usually vote for Democrats.Income: poor typically vote for Democrats.Ideology: liberals largely vote for Democrats.Issues: prospective and retrospective judgments.
67 Elections and Voting Behavior Edwards, Wattenberg, and LineberryGovernment in America: People, Politics, and PolicyFourteenth EditionChapter 10Elections and Voting Behavior
68 How American Elections Work Types of elections:Primary elections: Select party nominees Select officeholdersGeneral elections: Select options on specific policiesReferendum: state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve proposed legislation or constitutional amendmentInitiative : process permitted in some states whereby voters may put proposed changes in the state constitution to a vote, given a sufficient number of signatures
69 Whether to Vote: A Citizen’s First Choice Suffrage: the legal right to voteExtended to African Americans by the 15th AmendExtended to Women by the 19th AmendmentExtended to people over 18 by the 26th Amendment
70 Whether to Vote: A Citizen’s First Choice U.S. has low voter turnoutPolitical Efficacy: the belief that one’s political participation really mattersCivic Duty: the belief that in order to support democratic government, a citizen should always voteThose who see clear differences between parties are likely to vote.If indifferent, then one may rationally abstain from voting.
72 Registering To VoteVoter Registration: a system adopted by the states that requires voters to register well in advance of the election dayRegistration procedures differ by state.Motor Voter Act: passed in 1993, requires states to permit people to register to vote when they apply for their driver’s license
73 More education = more likely to vote. Most important factor Who Votes?More education = more likely to vote.Most important factorBUT connected to many other ‘traits’Older = more likely to voteUNTIL mobility becomes a problemCaucasian = more likely to vote.BUT, other ethnicities are higher with comparable education or higher incomeFemale = more likely to vote
74 Who Votes?Married = more likely to voteUnion member = more likely to voteTraits are cumulative–possessing several adds up
75 How Americans Vote: Explaining Citizens’ Decisions Candidates want a good visual image.Especially on dimensions of integrity, reliability, and competencePersonality plays a role in vote choice, especially if a candidate is perceived to be incompetent or dishonest. (Elite?) (Career Politician?)
76 How Americans Vote: Explaining Citizens’ Decisions Party IdentificationPeople still generally vote for a party they agree with.With the rise of candidate-centered politics, parties’ hold on voters declined in the 1960s and 1970s. (More split-ticket voting.)Is this changing with increase ‘partisanship’?Many more voters make an individual voting decision and are up for grabs each election, (so-called floating voters).
77 How Americans Vote: Explaining Citizens’ Decisions Mandate Theory of Elections*The idea that the winning candidate has a mandate from the people to carry out his or her platforms and politics*Politicians like the theory better than political scientists do.
78 Policy voting may occur if : Basing your vote choice on issue preferences and where the candidates stand on policy issuesPolicy voting may occur if :Voters know where they and the candidates stand on issues and see differences between candidatesUnlikely to occur because:Candidates can be ambiguous on the issues.Media tend to focus on the “horse race” not issues.Today candidates are forced to take a clear stand in the party primaries increasing chances for policy voting.
79 Understanding Elections and Voting Behavior Candidates who vow to continue popular policies are more likely to win elections.Retrospective voting: voters cast a vote based on what a candidate has done for them lately.Those who feel worse-likely to vote against incumbents.Bad economies make politicians nervous.
81 The Last Battle: The Electoral College Electoral college actually elects the president—founders wanted him chosen by the elite of the countryStates (political parties) choose the electorsWinner-Take-All system gives bigger emphasis to more populated states
82 How the Electoral College works Each state has as many votes as it does Representatives and Senators.Winner of popular vote typically gets all the Electoral College votes for that stateElectors meet in December, votes are reported by the vice president in JanuaryIf no candidate gets a majority (270 votes), the House of Representatives votes for president, with each state casting one vote.
85 Elections and the Scope of Government Federal Gov’t does more now because…Elections generally support government policies and power.Voters feel they are sending a message to government to accomplish somethingThus, the government expands to fill the needs of the voters.
86 Summary Voters make two basic decisions at election time: 1-Whether to vote2-Who to vote forParty identification, candidate evaluations, and policy positions drive vote choice.How important are demographics ?Voter Demographics = Stereotyping?Does this influence campaigns? Policies?Elections are fundamental to a democracy.
87 WILSON CH. 6 - POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IMPORTANT TERMS ACTIVISTAUSTRALIAN BALLOTCAMPAIGNERSCOMMUNALISTSCOMPLETE ACTIVISTSELIGIBLE ELECTORATEFIFTEENTH AMENDMENT
88 WILSON CH. 6 - POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IMPORTANT TERMS GRANDFATHER CLAUSESINACTIVESLITERACY TESTMOTOR-VOTER BILLNINETEENTH AMENDMENTPAROCHIAL PARTICIPANTSPOLL TAXREGISTERED VOTERS
89 WILSON CH. 6 - POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IMPORTANT TERMS TWENTY-SIXTH AMENDMENTTWENTY-THIRD AMENDMENTVOTER APATHYVOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1970VOTING-AGE POPULATIONVOTING SPECIALISTSWHITE PRIMARIES
90 WILSON CH. 6 - POLITICAL PARTICIPATION QUESTIONS 1-IS VOTER PARTICIPATION LOWER IN THE USA THAN IN EUROPEAN CONTRIES? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER.2-WHAT HAVE BEEN THE POLICY CONSEQUENCES OF A BROADER ELECTORATE.
91 WILSON CH. 6 - POLITICAL PARTICIPATION QUESTIONS 3-WHAT COULD BE DONE TO INCREASE VOTER TURNOUT?4-WHAT SORTS OF PEOPLE ARE OVERREPRESENTED ANOUNG THOSE WHO PARTICIPATE A GREAT DEAL? DOE THIS BIAS THE POLICIES THE GOVERNMENT WILL ADOPT? IF SO, WHICH ONES?