Presentation on theme: "C H. 9 A N E MERGING W ORLD P OWER. 9.1 T HE R OOTS OF I MPERIALISM Objectives: Identify the key factors that prodded America to expand Explain how the."— Presentation transcript:
9.1 T HE R OOTS OF I MPERIALISM Objectives: Identify the key factors that prodded America to expand Explain how the U.S. took its first steps toward increased global power Summarize the chain of events leading up to the annexation of Hawaii
Imperialism: policy by which strong nations extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories
T HE I MPERIAL M ENU A PLEASED U NCLE S AM GETS READY TO PLACE HIS ORDER WITH HEADWAITER W ILLIAM M C K INLEY. S WALLOWING SOME OF THESE POSSESSIONS EVENTUALLY PRODUCED POLITICAL INDIGESTION.
C AUSES OF I MPERIALISM Economic benefit Raw materials and natural resources Extractive economies Trade Military strength Alfred T. Mahan Naval power National Superiority Social Darwinism, “Manifest Destiny” Fredrick Jackson Turner Overseas expansion as a “safety valve”
U.S. 1 ST S TEPS TO B ECOMING W ORLD P OWER Pacific Commodore Matthew Perry, treaty opened trade with Japan Possession of the Midway Islands Increased trade with Hawaii and naval base at Pearl Harbor Alaska 1867 Sec. of State bought Alaska from Russia Latin America Pan-American highway
H AWAII Economically linked since 1790’s Missionaries established schools and churches American’s amended their constitution, only wealthy land owners could vote
A MERICAN P LANTERS I NCREASE P OWER New law in 1890’s placed tariff on sugar Queen Liliuokalani Abolished the constitution that gave power to the white minority 1893-U.S. overthrew the queen, new govt set up by Sanford B. Dole (wealthy planter)
Q UEEN L ILIUOKALANI (1838–1917) L ILIUOKALANI WAS THE LAST REIGNING QUEEN OF H AWAII, WHOSE DEFENSE OF NATIVE H AWAIIAN SELF - RULE LED TO A REVOLT BY WHITE SETTLERS AND TO HER DETHRONEMENT. S HE WROTE MANY SONGS, THE MOST FAMOUS OF WHICH WAS “A LOHA O E,” OR “F AREWELL TO T HEE,” PLAYED COUNTLESS TIMES BY H AWAIIAN BANDS FOR DEPARTING TOURISTS.
U.S. A NNEXES H AWAII Pres. Harrison signed treaty but was out of office before Senate approval Pres. Cleveland investigated and Hawaiian people didn’t want this. Pres said no to annex American’s wanted it, 1897-Pres. McKinley annexed Hawaii