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OTHER RESOURCES FARMLAND Categorical Exclusion Training Class.

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Presentation on theme: "OTHER RESOURCES FARMLAND Categorical Exclusion Training Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 OTHER RESOURCES FARMLAND Categorical Exclusion Training Class

2 Farmland Process 2 Project Initiation Package MOU FCIR Form Agency Coordination NEPA Document Yes No Score Less than 160 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

3 Agricultural District Process 3 Project Initiation Package Agricultural District ORC (a) Agency Coordination NEPA Document No Yes No Categorical Exclusion Training Class Yes

4 Why So Important?  Agriculture is the #1 industry in Ohio  $107 billion annually  Nearly 1 million employees 4 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

5 Farmland Loss In O-H-I-O  Between 1950 and 2000, Ohio lost more than 7 million acres of farmland = 23 counties lost  Between 1987 and 1997, Ohio was 2 nd in the nation for loss of prime farmland  Farmland conversion in Ohio occurring at a greater rate than population growth 5 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

6 Federal Law  Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA)  Established by Congress  Subtitle to the 1981 Farm Bill  Requires federal programs to be compatible with state, local and private efforts to protect farmland and consider adverse effects on farmland preservation Projects sponsored or financed in whole or part by the federal government Highways, airports, dams and federal buildings 6 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

7 State Law  Ohio Revised Code (ORC)  Ohio’s Farmland Preservation Act  Projects that take 10% or 10 acres ( whichever is greater ) from any individual property within an agricultural district require coordination with the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA)  Utility and emergency repair projects exempt 7 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

8 Farmland MOU  Between FHWA/NRCS/ODOT  Executed December 15, 2011  Spells out responsibilities per the FPPA and the implementing regulations at 7 CFR 658  Establishes a process to determine which Federal- Aid highway projects require NRCS coordination  Projects that meet MOU criteria can be processed with no further coordination required  Discuss accordingly in NEPA document 8 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

9 MOU Criteria  Projects meet criteria when:  No new right-of-way (ROW) required  Bridge replacements with permanent and/or temporary ROW less than three acres Piers, wingwalls, and/or approach work  Widening with permanent and/or temporary ROW less than three acres  Intersection improvements with permanent and/or temporary ROW less than three acres  Temporary ROW when land being used returned to equal or greater productive capability 9 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

10 Coordination New ROW  MOU replaces OES FPPA Screening Form  Applies to federally funded projects  If MOU criteria exceeded, FCIR (Farmland Conversion Impact Rating) Form required FCIR  Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)  Determines if land to be acquired subject to FPPA  If FCIR score less than 160, no formal coordination with NRCS required 10 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

11 Online CE – Other Resources Tab Farmlands 11 #3 will be phased out during enhancements Categorical Exclusion Training Class

12 Remarks  Discuss how the proposed project complies with the MOU or discuss results of FCIR coordination  If FCIR Form required, the scoring results must be discussed for each build alternative  If ORC (a) threshold is exceeded:  Discuss need to impact agricultural land  Identify properties in Agricultural District  Coordinate with Ohio Dept. of Agriculture 12 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

13 Remarks  Use standard language provided by OES for projects that comply with the MOU  Use standard language provided by OES for projects that require an FCIR Form  Coordination with NRCS determines if significant impacts to prime or unique farmland will occur 13 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

14 Remarks  Discuss acreage of agricultural land to be taken and the number of farms impacted  Contrast with the total agricultural land acreage & number of farms in the county  Indicate current use of agricultural land in the project area (e.g. cropland, fallow land, pasture) and any conservation easements  Presence of field tile drainage 14 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

15 Remarks  Discuss impact to farming operations, if any  Farm structures, storage or staging areas  Quantify landlocked parcels  Consider indirect and cumulative development  How project will impact regional farm economy  Amount of farmland to be converted to other uses as a result of the project  Reduction of support services, which may adversely affect remaining farms 15 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

16 Online CE Project File/Part of CE  Aerial Mapping  Photographs  FCIR Form  NRCS Correspondence  OES Correspondence  Ohio Department of Agriculture Coordination 16 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

17 Other Resources Drinking Water Categorical Exclusion Training Class

18 Process Project Initiation Package Field Investigations Coordination NEPA Document Resources Not Present 18 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

19  OES reviews and provides oversight for projects with impacts to drinking water  OES monitors new rule making and legislation, serves as liaison to regulatory agencies, and provides training and assistance to Districts and consultants  The primary responsibility for identifying resources and associated coordination belongs to the ODOT Districts with oversight by OES Role & Responsibilities 19 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

20  Drinking Water resources are:  Residential Wells  Public Water Systems Water Source Protection Areas involving Ground and Surface Water  Wellhead Protection Areas  Sole Source Aquifers Definition 20 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

21  Defined as where the intake of raw water occurs  Water lines are not a drinking water resource  OEPA and/or ODOT GIS mapping Identification 21 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

22  If not removed or impacted, no coordination required  Removal or impacts will require commitments and possible coordination  Mapping is limited or non-existent  Searching ODNR well logs, contacting ODNR Division of Water or the local county health department can be useful Residential Water Wells 22 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

23  Coordination with the owner is not required  When impacted, an environmental commitment may include drilling a new well or providing a connection to the local public water supply  If this is not feasible, the property and/or dwelling may be acquired  Impacted wells are properly abandoned in accordance with ODNR’s Technical Guidelines for Sealing Unused Wells Residential Water Wells 23 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

24  A Public Water System (PWS) serves piped water to at least 25 persons or 15 service connections for at least 60 days per year  Approximately 6,200 in Ohio  Over 95% use a ground water source Public Water Systems 24 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

25  Three types in Ohio:  Community Water Systems Cities, mobile home parks, and nursing homes  Transient Non-community Water Systems Rest areas, campgrounds, restaurants, and churches  Non-Transient Non-community Water Systems Schools, businesses, and industries Public Water Systems 25 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

26  Regulated by Ohio EPA  Ground Water Coordination required if project is within 1 and 5 year time of travel zones (Corridor Management Zone)  Surface Water Coordination required if project is within a designated Emergency Management Zone Public Water Systems Water Source Protection Areas 26 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

27  Designed to prevent contamination of public water supplies  Ohio's Wellhead Protection Program was approved by USEPA in 1992  Intended to work in concert with contaminant source control and pollution prevention efforts at all levels of government Wellhead Protection Areas 27 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

28  Regulated by USEPA  Primary drinking water aquifers  Only in Districts 1, 2, 5, 7, and 8  FHWA and USEPA MOU  CE projects meet the criteria  EA/EIS projects require USEPA coordination Sole Source Aquifers 28 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

29 29 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

30  Answer drop-downs appropriately for presence of and impacts to drinking water resources  Sole Source Aquifer  Water Source Protection Area Groundwater and Surface Water  Residential Wells (ODNR well logs)  If impacts anticipated, coordination required for documentation and mitigation purposes Online CE – Other Resources Tab Drinking Water 30 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

31 Online CE – Other Resources Tab 31 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

32  Identify drinking water resources  Water lines are not a drinking water resource  Summarize coordination required  List mitigation and environmental commitments Remarks 32 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

33  Identify drinking water resources  Water lines are not a drinking water resource  Summarize coordination required  List mitigation and environmental commitments  Requesting info from coordinating agencies is not coordination Remarks 33 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

34  Coordination occurs when ODOT-OES and the coordinating agency negotiate impacts upon a specific drinking water resource  An example would be proposed concrete ditch crossing a 1 year time of travel zone or crossing a well field Remarks 34 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

35 35 No Coordination Example Remarks: OEPA’s Source Water Assessment and Protection (SWAP) mapping was reviewed by URS Corporation environmental personnel. No sole source aquifers or drinking water source protection areas for community, non-community, and residential wells are located within the proposed project area (see project file – Other Resources/Drinking Water/Mapping). Therefore, the proposed undertaking will not impact known drinking water resources. Categorical Exclusion Training Class

36 The Ohio EPA Division of Drinking and Ground Waters was contacted to identify the presence of drinking water resources within the proposed project area. In an dated June 28, 2013, OEPA sent a map showing the proposed project area in relation to surrounding drinking water resources. There are no drinking water source protection areas within one mile of the proposed project area. In addition, the proposed project area does not lie over a Federally-designated sole source aquifer. The OEPA water resources map can be found in the project file (Other Resources/Drinking Water/Mapping). The ODNR well logs were reviewed and no residential wells were identified within the proposed project area. No Coordination Example Categorical Exclusion Training Class 36

37 The proposed project area is located within (on eastern edge of) the OEPA designated Great Miami Buried Valley Aquifer System and an OEPA designated Water Source Protection Area (City of Hamilton Municipal Water System). The City of Hamilton is the reviewing and approving agency for actions within their WSPA, and is also the sponsor of the proposed project for the CNG refueling station. The city water utility department has reviewed and approved the proposed action (November 2013 internal city reviews), and has not requested special conditions or environmental commitments. Water Source Protection Area Example Categorical Exclusion Training Class 37

38 The Ohio EPA Division of Drinking and Ground Waters was contacted to determine if drinking water resources were present within the proposed project area. Based on the information provided by OEPA, the proposed project is located within the Corridor Management Zone (CMZ) for Henry County Regional Water & Sewer District McClure intake. In addition, ODNR’s Division of Soil and Water Resources on-line mapping was reviewed for residential well locations and none were noted. (see project file - Other Resources/Drinking Water/Site Specific Resource Map.pdf and Other Resources/Drinking Water/Literature Review Results.pdf). Therefore, the following plan note will be included in the plans. Corridor Management Zone Example Categorical Exclusion Training Class 38

39 The proposed project area is located within the boundaries of a designated sole source aquifer. However, the proposed project is not located within the boundaries of a designated Water Source Protection Area. The proposed project area is served by the City of Dayton public water supply. A plan note requiring precautions to protect groundwater resources will be included. As the project falls under the Categorical Exclusion classification, sole source aquifer coordination is not required under the Memorandum of Understanding between FHWA Region 5 and USEPA Region V. Sole Source Aquifer Example Categorical Exclusion Training Class 39

40 The project is located in the CMZ for the Henry County Regional Water & Sewer District McClure’s drinking water resource area. In order to minimize the potential for a release in this sensitive area, project related refueling and maintenance activities shall not be performed from STA To STA. Spills of fuels, oils, chemicals or other materials which could pose a threat to the drinking water source area shall be cleaned up immediately by the Contractor. If the spill is a reportable amount, the Contractor should contact (insert name and number of local hazardous material response team) for cleanup of the spill. Corridor Management Zone Commitment Example Categorical Exclusion Training Class 40

41  Include copies of appropriate coordination  ODOT-OES  OEPA  USEPA 41 Online CE Project File/Part of CE Categorical Exclusion Training Class

42 PERMITS FLOODPLAINS Categorical Exclusion Training Class

43 Floodplains Process Project Initiation Package Field Review Floodplain Administrator Coordination NEPA Document Not Present 43 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

44 Online CE – Permits Tab Floodplains 44 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

45  Describe impacts to floodplain, floodway, and base flood elevations  Coordination with Local Floodplain Administrator  Coordination can be an environmental commitment completed during design phase Remarks 45 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

46 Example According to Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) Panel No CO212E, effective July 20, 2009, the proposed undertaking will impact the 100-year floodplain of both Haley’s Ditch and Springfield Lake Outlet (Attachment E1a, page 102 presents a portion of this FEMA panel and Attachment E1b, page 103 shows that no floodplains occur in the proposed project area). (Continued on page 8a) 46 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

47 Example 47 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

48  Floodplain Administrator Correspondence and/or Coordination  FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM) Online CE Project File/Part of CE 48 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

49 FEMA Map 49 Categorical Exclusion Training Class


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