Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Tuesday 2.02 & 2.03 TLWD comprehension of how the growth of nationalism & sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, & language AND Analysis of the.

There are copies: 1
Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Antebellum American Art Antebellum American Art.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Tuesday 2.02 & 2.03 TLWD comprehension of how the growth of nationalism & sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, & language AND Analysis of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tuesday 2.02 & 2.03 TLWD comprehension of how the growth of nationalism & sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, & language AND Analysis of the economic & social issues that led to sectionalism & nationalism

2 ESSENTIAL QUESTION:

3

4 First Turnpike Lancaster, PA By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities.

5 Cumberland (National Road), 1811

6 Conestoga Covered Wagons Conestoga Trail, 1820s

7 Erie Canal System

8 Erie Canal, 1820s Begun in 1817; completed in 1825

9 Robert Fulton & the Steamboat 1807: The Clermont

10 Principal Canals in 1840

11 Inland Freight Rates

12 Clipper Ships

13 The Iron Horse Wins! (1830) miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RR By mi. of RR track [ ,000 mi.]

14 The Railroad Revolution, 1850s p Immigrant labor built the No. RRs. p Slave labor built the So. RRs.

15

16 Resourcefulness & Experimentation p Americans were willing to try anything. p They were first copiers, then innovators patents were approved , ,357

17 Eli Whitneys Cotton Gin, 1791 Actually invented by a slave!

18 Eli Whitneys Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle

19 Oliver Evans First prototype of the locomotive First automated flour mill

20 John Deere & the Steel Plow (1837)

21 Cyrus McCormick & the Mechanical Reaper: 1831

22 Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph

23 Cyrus Field & the Transatlantic Cable, 1858

24 Elias Howe & Isaac Singer 1840s Sewing Machine

25 z They all regarded material advance as the natural fruit of American republicanism & proof of the countrys virtue and promise. The American Dream A German visitor in the 1840s, Friedrich List, observed: Anything new is quickly introduced here, including all of the latest inventions. There is no clinging to old ways. The moment an American hears the word invention, he pricks up his ears.

26

27 Boom/Bust Cycles: The blue line shows, for comparison, the price of a years tuition at Harvard College. In 1790 it was $24, but by 1860 had risen to $104.

28 Distribution of Wealth v During the American Revolution, 45% of all wealth in the top 10% of the population. v 1845 Boston top 4% owned over 65% of the wealth. v 1860 Philadelphia top 1% owned over 50% of the wealth. v The gap between rich and poor was widening!

29 Samuel Slater (Father of the Factory System)

30 The Lowell/Waltham System: First Dual-Purpose Textile Plant Francis Cabot Lowells town

31 Lowell in 1850

32 Lowell Mill

33 Early Textile Loom

34 New England Textile Centers: 1830s

35 New England Dominance in Textiles

36 Starting for Lowell

37 Lowell Girls What was their typical profile?

38 Lowell Boarding Houses What was boardinghouse life like?

39 Lowell Mills Time Table

40 Antebellum American Art Antebellum American Art

41 The Hudson River School: 1820s-1870

42 These artists captured the undiluted power of nature Paint the nations most spectacular and undeveloped areas [the new Garden of Eden]. Nature was the best source of wisdom & fulfillment. They created visual embodiments of the ideals of the Transcendentalists. * Painting is the vehicle through which the universal mind could reach the mind of mankind. * Art is the agent of moral & spiritual transformation. These artists captured the undiluted power of nature Paint the nations most spectacular and undeveloped areas [the new Garden of Eden]. Nature was the best source of wisdom & fulfillment. They created visual embodiments of the ideals of the Transcendentalists. * Painting is the vehicle through which the universal mind could reach the mind of mankind. * Art is the agent of moral & spiritual transformation. Background

43 1.Paint grand, scenic vistas. 2.Humans are an insignificant [even non-existent] part of the picture. 3.Experiment with affects of light on water and sky. 4.Symbol of the school a broken tree stump 1.Paint grand, scenic vistas. 2.Humans are an insignificant [even non-existent] part of the picture. 3.Experiment with affects of light on water and sky. 4.Symbol of the school a broken tree stump Characteristics of the Hudson River School A new art for a new land.

44 Transcendentalist thinking. Westward expansion. American nationalism --> What is America? * Creation of a national mythology Racism and Native Americans. Concern for political extremism. The price paid for progress and the advances of civilization. Transcendentalist thinking. Westward expansion. American nationalism --> What is America? * Creation of a national mythology Racism and Native Americans. Concern for political extremism. The price paid for progress and the advances of civilization. Issues/Themes Addressed by the Antebellum Artists

45 In Natures Wonderland Thomas Doughty, 1835

46 Niagara Frederic Church, 1857

47 View of the Catskills, Early Autumn Thomas Cole, 1837

48 View from Mt. Holyoke: The Oxbow Thomas Cole, 1836

49 The Course of Empire: The Savage State Thomas Cole, 1834

50 The Course of Empire: The Arcadian or The Pastoral State - Thomas Cole, 1836

51 The Course of Empire: Consummation Thomas Cole, 1836

52 The Course of Empire: Destruction Thomas Cole, 1836

53 The Course of Empire: Desolation Thomas Cole, 1836

54 Kindred Spirits – Asher Durand, 1849

55 Watercolors by John Audubon Stanley HawkBarred Owl

56 The Luminists

57 Boston Harbor from Constitution Wharf Robert Salmon, 1833

58 The Constitution in Boston Harbor Fitz Hugh Lane,

59 Fur Trappers Descending the Missouri George Caleb Bingham, 1845

60 The Classical Styles of Greece & Rome

61 Neo-Classical Architecture: U. S. Customs House, 1836

62 Jefferson Rotunda (Univ. of VA),

63 The Capitol Rotunda

64 Patriotic Art

65 The Landing of the Pilgrims Unknown Artist, 1830s

66 Washington Crossing the Delaware Emmanuel Gottlieb Leutze, 1851

67 George Washington Horatio Greenough, 1841

68 Our Banner in the Sky - Frederic Church, 1861

69 The Frontier Artists

70 Young Omahaw, War Eagle, Little Missouri, and Pawnees - Charles Bird King, The Noble Savage Image

71 Buffalo Bulls Back Fat, Head Chief, Blood Tribe - George Caitlin, The Stoic Indian

72 Mato-Tope – Karl Bodmer, 1830s 3. The Demonic Indian

73 Osage Scalp Dance John Mix Stanley, 1845

74 Last of the Race – Tompkins Matteson, The Doomed Indian

75 Dying Indian Chief Contemplating the Progress of Civilization Thomas Crawford, 1857 A portend of the future??

76 Transcendentalism (European Romanticism) Transcendentalism (European Romanticism) eLiberation from understanding and the cultivation of reasoning. eTranscend the limits of intellect and allow the emotions, the SOUL, to create an original relationship with the Universe.

77 Transcendentalist Thinking Man must acknowledge a body of moral truths that were intuitive and must TRANSCEND more sensational proof: 1.The infinite benevolence of God. 2.The infinite benevolence of nature. 3.The divinity of man. They instinctively rejected all secular authority and the authority of organized churches and the Scriptures, of law, or of conventions

78 Transcendentalism (European Romanticism) Transcendentalism (European Romanticism) Therefore, if man was divine, it would be wicked that he should be held in slavery, or his soul corrupted by superstition, or his mind clouded by ignorance!! Thus, the role of the reformer was to restore man to that divinity which God had endowed them.

79 Transcendentalist Intellectuals/Writers Concord, MA Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Nature (1832) Walden (1854) Resistance to Civil Disobedience (1849) Self-Reliance (1841) The American Scholar (1837) R3-1/3/4/5

80 The Transcendentalist Agenda Give freedom to the slave. Give well-being to the poor and the miserable. Give learning to the ignorant. Give health to the sick. Give peace and justice to society.

81 eTheir pursuit of the ideal led to a distorted view of human nature and possibilities: * The Blithedale Romance A Transcendentalist Critic: Nathaniel Hawthorne ( ) eOne should accept the world as an imperfect place: * Scarlet Letter * House of the Seven Gables


Download ppt "Tuesday 2.02 & 2.03 TLWD comprehension of how the growth of nationalism & sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, & language AND Analysis of the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google