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World Studies II Chapter 9 Review Game Industrialization Way of LifeAmerica & Europe Economic Philosophers UnionsMISC 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100.

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Presentation on theme: "World Studies II Chapter 9 Review Game Industrialization Way of LifeAmerica & Europe Economic Philosophers UnionsMISC 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 World Studies II Chapter 9 Review Game

3 Industrialization Way of LifeAmerica & Europe Economic Philosophers UnionsMISC

4 A1 Increase in landholding enabled owners to cultivate more fields, using new seeding and harvesting methods. Agricultural Revolution

5 A2 The shift, beginning in England during the 18 th Century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine. Industrial Revolution

6 A3 Fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners. Enclosures

7 A4 Concerning the Agriculture Revolution, why did agricultural production increase during this period of time? New agricultural methods were experimented with and used.

8 A5 How did the Agriculture Revolution help to spur on the Industrial Revolution? Large landowners forced smaller ones out of the country and into the cities.

9 A6 During the Industrial Revolution, where were industrial cities located? Most industrial cities were located near rivers and harbors.

10 A7 Concerning construction of products, what was the most important resource to factory owners? Iron Ore

11 A8 Pictorial Daily Double Cleveland Browns: Tim Couch

12 A9 What was the biggest revolution in Land Transportation during the Industrial Revolution? Steam Powered Locomotive

13 A10 What impact did the developed Banking System have on the Industrial Revolution? People had confidence in the banking system, and obtained loans to invest in Capital Resources.

14 B1 The growth of cities and the migration of people into them. Urbanization

15 B2 Why were the living conditions so terrible during the Industrial Revolution? There were no plans for the cities, so they lacked sanitary codes, adequate housing, and protection.

16 B3 A deadly disease caused by bacteria that usually occurs in contaminated drinking water. Cholera

17 B4 Social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business people, and wealthy farmers. Middle Class

18 B5 Person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business. Entrepreneur

19 B6 Why are Entrepreneurs important to a Free-Market Economy? Entrepreneurs open new businesses, new products, and create new methods of production.

20 B7 Which group grew the fastest during the 1800’s? The Middle Class

21 B8 What was a direct result of the discovery that germs caused disease? Improved Sanitation.

22 B9 Pictorial Daily Double Actor: George Clooney

23 B10 Which group controlled the majority of income in the United States? Upper Class, small percentage controls a large percentage of income.

24 C1 Business owned by stockholders who share in profits but are personally responsible for its debts. Corporation

25 C2 Creator of the Cotton Gin. Eli Whitney

26 C3 Wealthy American Industrialist who owned Standard Oil. John D. Rockefeller

27 C4 How did corporations like Standard Oil and Carnegie Steel become such strong corporations? These companies became monopolies by controlling entire industries.

28 C5 What positive impact did the War of 1812 have on the United States economy? The British blockade of the U.S. forced the U.S. to depend and develop their resources.

29 C6 Audio Daily Double Comedian: Chris Rock

30 C7 What slowed Industrialization from spreading rapidly in to Continental Europe? The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars kept industrialization from spreading.

31 C8 What became vital to link pockets of industrialization in Continental Europe? Railroads connected places like Spain, Bohemia, Germany, and Italy.

32 C9 How did the Industrialized nations of Europe and the United States view less developed nations of Africa? Less developed nations would supply resources and then buy the good produced.

33 C10 Audio Daily Double Comedian: Bill Cosby

34 D1 An economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit. Capitalism

35 D2 An economic system in which the people own all means of production, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally. Communism

36 D3 The economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without government intervention. Laissez-Faire

37 D4 Writer of The Wealth of Nations that supported the idea of a Free-Market Economy. Adam Smith

38 D5 What did Laissez-Faire thinkers argue against? Argued against any government involvement in the economy of a country.

39 D6 An economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operated for the welfare of all. Socialism

40 D7 Video Daily Double TV Show: Most Extreme Challenge

41 D8 Theory that government actions are useful only if they promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Utilitarianism

42 D9 What did Laissez-Faire philosophers think about minimum wage laws and forcing businesses to provide better working conditions? These interventions would lower profits and undermine the production of wealth.

43 D10 What did Utilitarian philosophers think about minimum wage laws and forcing businesses to provide better working conditions? These government actions were good because they would improve the lives of people.

44 E1 How did owners of factories during the 1800’s try to maximize profits for the factories they owned? Have workers work 14 hour days, six days a week, month after month, and in dangerous conditions.

45 E2 An association of workers formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages. UNION

46 E3 To refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain standards demanded by workers. Strike

47 E4 Negotiations between workers and their employers. Collective Bargaining

48 E5 Which types of workers did the Union movement start in? Skilled Workers

49 E6 What made a Union such a strong force to bring changes in a factory? Unions made up of skilled workers were tough to replace which gave them more bargaining power.

50 E7 Video Daily Double Chick Flick: Pretty Woman

51 E8 Women earned about 1/3 of what men earned for the same jobs in factories. Legislation that made it illegal to hire children under 9 years old, helped to protect workers from 9 to 17. Factory Act of 1833

52 E9 Pictorial Daily Double Cleveland Browns: Courtney Brown

53 E10 Legislation that limited the workday for women and children who worked in factories. Ten Hours Act of 1847

54 F1 What are the Factors of Production? Land – Labor – Capital Resources

55 F2 A large building in which machinery is used to manufacture goods. Factory

56 F3 How does the idea of Crop Rotation work? System to use different fields yearly to preserve the soil.

57 F4 What were the POSITIVES associated with the Industrial Revolution for Women? Women earned more money in factories than they could as farmers or servants.

58 F5 What were the NEGATIVES associated with the Industrial Revolution for Women? Women earned about 1/3 of what men earned for the same jobs in factories.

59 F6 Man who developed the idea of free public education. Horace Mann

60 F7 American inventor who invented the steamboat. Robert Fulton

61 F8 Concerning Socialism, what purpose would the government serve? The government should be concerned with controlling factories, mines, and railroads.

62 F9 By 1900, which of the following pairs of countries were the world’s leading industrial nations? Germany and United States

63 F10 What did Karl Marx predict concerning the workers in Industrialized nations? Workers would overthrow the owners and wealthy, and create a classless society.


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