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U. S. Studies II Chapter 11 Review Game Causes of World War I Fighting at the Front America Enters American Home Front Peace ProcessMISC 10 20 30 40.

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Presentation on theme: "U. S. Studies II Chapter 11 Review Game Causes of World War I Fighting at the Front America Enters American Home Front Peace ProcessMISC 10 20 30 40."— Presentation transcript:

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2 U. S. Studies II Chapter 11 Review Game

3 Causes of World War I Fighting at the Front America Enters American Home Front Peace ProcessMISC

4 A1 This long-term cause of the war encouraged competitiveness between nations and encouraged various ethnic groups to create nations of their own. Nationalism

5 A2 How can the notion of Nationalism lead to a conflict? Nationalism can lead to rivalries, such as in Serbia.

6 A3 A formal agreement among nations for mutual support. Alliance System

7 A4 This long-term cause of the war involved the development of the armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. Militarism

8 A5 Closely linked with industrialization, this long- term cause of the war involved a contest for colonies. Imperialism

9 A6 How can the notion of Militarism lead to a conflict? The militaries of these countries were built up, and the people believed they were the strongest.

10 A7 Which countries made up the Allies? France, Great Britain, Russia (1917), United States, and Italy

11 A8 Pictorial Daily Double Entertainment: Tom Hanks

12 A9 How can the notion of an Alliance System lead to a large conflict? Small conflict can lead to a larger conflict as more nations are pulled in.

13 A10 Which countries made up the Central Powers? Germany, Austria- Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire

14 B1 Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield. Trench Warfare

15 B2 Warfare that relies on machines powered by gasoline and diesel engines. Mechanized Warfare

16 B3 Examples of weapons that helped with the development of Mechanized Warfare: Airplanes and Tanks

17 B4 Physical problem caused by standing in cold wet trenches, where toes would turn red, go numb, and begin to rot. Trench Foot

18 B5 This involved merchant vessels traveling in large groups with naval ships acting as guards. Convoy System

19 B6 German plan for a holding action against Russia, combined with a quick drive through Belgium to Paris. Schlieffen Plan

20 B7 Audio Daily Double Alternative: “Take Me Out” by Franz Ferdinand Jen Kucinski – 2005

21 B8 Which nation suffered the LARGEST number of casualties during the war? RUSSIA

22 B9 Forest Gump

23 B10 Which nation suffered the FEWEST number of casualties during the war? United States

24 C1 The policy that kept the United States out of the war for three years was called: Neutrality or Isolationism

25 C2 What was the effect of the British Blockade on Germany? Caused starvation in Germany, which lead them to use submarine warfare.

26 C3 Originally, why were many Americans concerned about the war in Europe? Repayment of debts and restrictions on trade.

27 C4 This British liner was sunk by a German U-Boat. Lusitania

28 C5 This contained a suggestion of an alliance between Mexico and Germany that deeply angered the American people. Zimmerman Note

29 C6 What was the effect of the sinking of the Lusitania and German U-boat attacks on U.S. public opinion? Angered the U.S. since U.S. civilians were being killed by the attacks

30 C7 What effect did Russia pulling out of the war have on U.S. public opinion? Russia was a monarchy, now it was democracy v. brutal monarchies (moral)

31 C8 Jurassic Park III

32 C9 Having shot down 26 enemy planes, he was America’s leading ace pilot in the war. Eddie Rickenbacker

33 C10 Armed only with a rifle and a revolver, he killed 25 Germans and, with 6 other soldiers, captured 132 prisoners. Alvin York

34 D1 Isolated from others. Segregation

35 D2 This term describes a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds. Conscientious Objector

36 D3 War Industries Board An agency established during World War I to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war- related industries.

37 D4 Progressive Tax A tax system that taxes higher incomes at a higher rate than lower incomes.

38 D5 Laws that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I. Espionage and Sedition Acts

39 D6 Committee on Public Information An agency that used propaganda to popularize the war.

40 D7 What was the impact of the propaganda campaign on recent immigrants or people of German descent in the U.S.? Inflamed Anti-Immigrant hysteria in the United States

41 D8 What part of the U.S. Constitution did the Espionage and Sedition Acts violate? First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and press.

42 D9 How could the Espionage and Sedition Acts be used to control the Labor Unions? Labor Unions could be viewed as sabotaging the war effort, so prison terms for its leaders.

43 D10 What effect did the war have on the lives of Women? Women moved into new jobs More Women’s Groups were started Bolstered support of Women’s Suffrage Negative: No equal pay for equal work ESSAY

44 E1 What countries represented the Big Four? France, Great Britain, USA, and Italy

45 E2 What type of “peace” did the European leaders want with Germany? Wanted to punish Germany & prevent future invasions.

46 E3 Ethnic groups were to form their own nations or decide for themselves to what nations they would belong: Self-Determination

47 E4 Author of the Fourteen Points, and the person who wanted a “Just Peace” Woodrow Wilson

48 E5 Because militarism had been a major cause of the war, the framers of the Treaty of Versailles: Demilitarized Germany

49 E6 Which part of the Treaty of Versailles put the most pressure on the German Economy? Reparations

50 E7 What was the biggest criticism of the Treaty of Versailles: Treated Germany to harshly, and could lead to problems.

51 E8 Audio Daily Double Country: “Travelin Soldier” by the Dixie Chicks

52 E9 What reasons did Senators give for opposing U.S. membership in the League of Nations? It would drag the United States into European conflicts.

53 E10 Whom did the Treaty of Versailles create in Germany: Adolph Hitler

54 F1 He commanded the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) John J. Pershing

55 F2 Of the parts of the Treaty of Versailles, which one arguably caused the most anger for Germans? War Guilt Clause

56 F3 Complete emotional collapse from the effects of being involved in battle. Shell Shock

57 F4 Physical problem that causes painful infections of the gums and throat. Trench Mouth

58 F5 Describe African Americans in the military during WWI: 400,000 served in the Armed Forces Segregated Units & Non-combat duties Exception – 369 th Infantry Regiment ESSAY

59 F6 What image does this poster create of military service during World War I? Glory, Honor, Prestige Document-Based Questions Document #1

60 F7 This required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service. Selective Service Act

61 F8 Document-Based Questions Video Daily Double Chick Flick: Gladiator

62 F9 How were women segregated in the military? Women were not allowed to enlist, but allowed them in the Army Corps of Nurses. (No rank, pay, or benefits) 13,000 accepted positions in the Navy & Marines as nurses, secretary, and telephone operators. ESSAY

63 F10 What image does this poster create of military service during World War I? Trench Warfare Document-Based Questions Document #2

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