Presentation on theme: "U. S. Studies II Chapter 11 Review Game Causes of World War I Fighting at the Front America Enters American Home Front Peace ProcessMISC 10 20 30 40."— Presentation transcript:
U. S. Studies II Chapter 11 Review Game
Causes of World War I Fighting at the Front America Enters American Home Front Peace ProcessMISC
A1 This long-term cause of the war encouraged competitiveness between nations and encouraged various ethnic groups to create nations of their own. Nationalism
A2 How can the notion of Nationalism lead to a conflict? Nationalism can lead to rivalries, such as in Serbia.
A3 A formal agreement among nations for mutual support. Alliance System
A4 This long-term cause of the war involved the development of the armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. Militarism
A5 Closely linked with industrialization, this long- term cause of the war involved a contest for colonies. Imperialism
A6 How can the notion of Militarism lead to a conflict? The militaries of these countries were built up, and the people believed they were the strongest.
A7 Which countries made up the Allies? France, Great Britain, Russia (1917), United States, and Italy
A8 Pictorial Daily Double Entertainment: Tom Hanks
A9 How can the notion of an Alliance System lead to a large conflict? Small conflict can lead to a larger conflict as more nations are pulled in.
A10 Which countries made up the Central Powers? Germany, Austria- Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire
B1 Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield. Trench Warfare
B2 Warfare that relies on machines powered by gasoline and diesel engines. Mechanized Warfare
B3 Examples of weapons that helped with the development of Mechanized Warfare: Airplanes and Tanks
B4 Physical problem caused by standing in cold wet trenches, where toes would turn red, go numb, and begin to rot. Trench Foot
B5 This involved merchant vessels traveling in large groups with naval ships acting as guards. Convoy System
B6 German plan for a holding action against Russia, combined with a quick drive through Belgium to Paris. Schlieffen Plan
B7 Audio Daily Double Alternative: “Take Me Out” by Franz Ferdinand Jen Kucinski – 2005
B8 Which nation suffered the LARGEST number of casualties during the war? RUSSIA
B9 Forest Gump
B10 Which nation suffered the FEWEST number of casualties during the war? United States
C1 The policy that kept the United States out of the war for three years was called: Neutrality or Isolationism
C2 What was the effect of the British Blockade on Germany? Caused starvation in Germany, which lead them to use submarine warfare.
C3 Originally, why were many Americans concerned about the war in Europe? Repayment of debts and restrictions on trade.
C4 This British liner was sunk by a German U-Boat. Lusitania
C5 This contained a suggestion of an alliance between Mexico and Germany that deeply angered the American people. Zimmerman Note
C6 What was the effect of the sinking of the Lusitania and German U-boat attacks on U.S. public opinion? Angered the U.S. since U.S. civilians were being killed by the attacks
C7 What effect did Russia pulling out of the war have on U.S. public opinion? Russia was a monarchy, now it was democracy v. brutal monarchies (moral)
C8 Jurassic Park III
C9 Having shot down 26 enemy planes, he was America’s leading ace pilot in the war. Eddie Rickenbacker
C10 Armed only with a rifle and a revolver, he killed 25 Germans and, with 6 other soldiers, captured 132 prisoners. Alvin York
D1 Isolated from others. Segregation
D2 This term describes a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds. Conscientious Objector
D3 War Industries Board An agency established during World War I to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war- related industries.
D4 Progressive Tax A tax system that taxes higher incomes at a higher rate than lower incomes.
D5 Laws that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I. Espionage and Sedition Acts
D6 Committee on Public Information An agency that used propaganda to popularize the war.
D7 What was the impact of the propaganda campaign on recent immigrants or people of German descent in the U.S.? Inflamed Anti-Immigrant hysteria in the United States
D8 What part of the U.S. Constitution did the Espionage and Sedition Acts violate? First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and press.
D9 How could the Espionage and Sedition Acts be used to control the Labor Unions? Labor Unions could be viewed as sabotaging the war effort, so prison terms for its leaders.
D10 What effect did the war have on the lives of Women? Women moved into new jobs More Women’s Groups were started Bolstered support of Women’s Suffrage Negative: No equal pay for equal work ESSAY
E1 What countries represented the Big Four? France, Great Britain, USA, and Italy
E2 What type of “peace” did the European leaders want with Germany? Wanted to punish Germany & prevent future invasions.
E3 Ethnic groups were to form their own nations or decide for themselves to what nations they would belong: Self-Determination
E4 Author of the Fourteen Points, and the person who wanted a “Just Peace” Woodrow Wilson
E5 Because militarism had been a major cause of the war, the framers of the Treaty of Versailles: Demilitarized Germany
E6 Which part of the Treaty of Versailles put the most pressure on the German Economy? Reparations
E7 What was the biggest criticism of the Treaty of Versailles: Treated Germany to harshly, and could lead to problems.
E8 Audio Daily Double Country: “Travelin Soldier” by the Dixie Chicks
E9 What reasons did Senators give for opposing U.S. membership in the League of Nations? It would drag the United States into European conflicts.
E10 Whom did the Treaty of Versailles create in Germany: Adolph Hitler
F1 He commanded the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) John J. Pershing
F2 Of the parts of the Treaty of Versailles, which one arguably caused the most anger for Germans? War Guilt Clause
F3 Complete emotional collapse from the effects of being involved in battle. Shell Shock
F4 Physical problem that causes painful infections of the gums and throat. Trench Mouth
F5 Describe African Americans in the military during WWI: 400,000 served in the Armed Forces Segregated Units & Non-combat duties Exception – 369 th Infantry Regiment ESSAY
F6 What image does this poster create of military service during World War I? Glory, Honor, Prestige Document-Based Questions Document #1
F7 This required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service. Selective Service Act
F8 Document-Based Questions Video Daily Double Chick Flick: Gladiator
F9 How were women segregated in the military? Women were not allowed to enlist, but allowed them in the Army Corps of Nurses. (No rank, pay, or benefits) 13,000 accepted positions in the Navy & Marines as nurses, secretary, and telephone operators. ESSAY
F10 What image does this poster create of military service during World War I? Trench Warfare Document-Based Questions Document #2