Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Unit 5: Age of Jackson, 1828 - 1848. Democracy and the Common Man Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Unit 5: Age of Jackson, 1828 - 1848. Democracy and the Common Man Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 5: Age of Jackson,

2 Democracy and the Common Man Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were amazed by the informal manners, democratic attitudes, and equality they witnessed in America Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were amazed by the informal manners, democratic attitudes, and equality they witnessed in America

3 Godeys Ladys Book – Vogue of its time for all ladies to copy latest styles Godeys Ladys Book – Vogue of its time for all ladies to copy latest styles More equality, except…Whos left out? More equality, except…Whos left out? Self-made man – was the hero of the age Self-made man – was the hero of the age

4 Expansion of Suffrage 1824 – 1840 – no longer just the wealthy elite involved in politics – more lower and middle class voters than ever before Universal male suffrage Party nominating conventions Popular election of the president – electors chosen by voters rather than legislature

5 Rise of Third- Parties More elected offices More elected offices Popular campaigning Popular campaigning Two-Party System –national scale

6 Rotation of office Spoils system – rewarding party loyalty with government jobs Spoils system – rewarding party loyalty with government jobs Rotation in office – pros and cons? Rotation in office – pros and cons? Both of the above affirmed the democratic ideal that one man was as good as another Both of the above affirmed the democratic ideal that one man was as good as another

7 Revolution of 1828 Jackson elected after the Corrupt Bargain and election of John Quincy Adams in 1824 Jackson elected after the Corrupt Bargain and election of John Quincy Adams in 1824 Campaigns both included MUDSLINGING and personal attacks on candidates and their wives Campaigns both included MUDSLINGING and personal attacks on candidates and their wives Rachel and Andrew were living as husband and wife for two years before they found out that her first husband had actually never completed the divorce. Meanwhile, Jackson supporters were by no means innocent. Adams was accused of installing gambling tables in the White House at the public expense, of padding his expense account, and even of pimping women for the Tsar of Russia

8 THREE TIMES the number of voters than last election THREE TIMES the number of voters than last election

9 Second Party System 1. Democratic Party – favored local rule, limited government, free trade, equal opportunities (White males) 1. Democratic Party – favored local rule, limited government, free trade, equal opportunities (White males) -opposed monopolies, national bank, high tariffs, and high land prices -opposed monopolies, national bank, high tariffs, and high land prices Supported by southerners, westerners, small farmers, urban workers Supported by southerners, westerners, small farmers, urban workers Jacksons Party Jacksons Party

10 2. Whig Party (Anti-Jackson) – favored Clays American System, national bank, federal funding for internal improvements, protective tariff 2. Whig Party (Anti-Jackson) – favored Clays American System, national bank, federal funding for internal improvements, protective tariff Opposed immorality, crime, blamed immigrants Opposed immorality, crime, blamed immigrants Supported by New Englanders, mid-Atlantic, upper Middle-West, Protestants, middle class urban professionals Supported by New Englanders, mid-Atlantic, upper Middle-West, Protestants, middle class urban professionals

11 Activity 1: Use the previous notes to answer the question below in paragraph form. You will then share your paragraph with a neighbor. Analyze the extent to which electoral politics influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840 Analyze the extent to which electoral politics influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840

12 Presidency of Andrew Jackson Common man? – extraordinary ordinary man – self-made man Common man? – extraordinary ordinary man – self-made man Kitchen Cabinet Kitchen Cabinet Peggy Eaton Affair Peggy Eaton Affair More vetoes than all previous presidents More vetoes than all previous presidents Internal improvements and states rights: The Maysville Road veto – Jackson vetoed rival Clays plan because it was wholly within one state (Kentucky) Internal improvements and states rights: The Maysville Road veto – Jackson vetoed rival Clays plan because it was wholly within one state (Kentucky)

13

14 Indian Removal Act (1830) Jackson convinced best solution for land-hungry citizens Jackson convinced best solution for land-hungry citizens Native Americans would move west of the Mississippi with help of Bureau of Indian Affairs to Oklahoma territory Native Americans would move west of the Mississippi with help of Bureau of Indian Affairs to Oklahoma territory

15 Worcester v. Georgia (1832) – laws of Georgia had no force within the boundaries of Cherokee territories – Jackson sided with the states – John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it. Worcester v. Georgia (1832) – laws of Georgia had no force within the boundaries of Cherokee territories – Jackson sided with the states – John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it – Trail of Tears – 15,000 Cherokees forced to leave, 4,000 died on journey 1838 – Trail of Tears – 15,000 Cherokees forced to leave, 4,000 died on journey Other Native groups included: Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Other Native groups included: Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole

16 The Nullification Crisis – right of states to declare a federal law null and void Webster-Hayne Debates (1830) Webster-Hayne Debates (1830) 1. Tariff issue – Calhouns South Carolina did not want to collect, Jackson and Congress passed Force Bill – take military action if necessary – compromise – lower tariff and nullification postponed 1. Tariff issue – Calhouns South Carolina did not want to collect, Jackson and Congress passed Force Bill – take military action if necessary – compromise – lower tariff and nullification postponed 2. The Union: Calhoun and Jackson – Jackson favored federal authority regarding nullification, but also supported Southern slavery by stopping anti-slavery literature distributions in US mail 2. The Union: Calhoun and Jackson – Jackson favored federal authority regarding nullification, but also supported Southern slavery by stopping anti-slavery literature distributions in US mail

17 The Bank War: Jackson and Biddle Biddle – managed bank effectively, but some felt he catered to the wealthy Biddle – managed bank effectively, but some felt he catered to the wealthy Jackson vetoed bank – believed it was unconstitutional, hydra of corruption, expense of common people Jackson vetoed bank – believed it was unconstitutional, hydra of corruption, expense of common people Won re-election over Clay partly due to issue, ¾ of electoral vote Won re-election over Clay partly due to issue, ¾ of electoral vote

18 Martin Van Buren VP to Jackson VP to Jackson Panic of 1837 partly due to veto of BUS and pet banks – Democrats and Van Buren blamed Panic of 1837 partly due to veto of BUS and pet banks – Democrats and Van Buren blamed

19 Log Cabin and Hard Cider Campaign of 1840 Tippecanoe and Tyler Too – Whigs candidate William Henry Harrison, popular war hero Tippecanoe and Tyler Too – Whigs candidate William Henry Harrison, popular war hero Campaigning – log cabins rolling down streets, free drinks, buttons, name-calling – Martin Van Ruin Campaigning – log cabins rolling down streets, free drinks, buttons, name-calling – Martin Van Ruin 78% of eligible voters turned out 78% of eligible voters turned out Fate of Harrison? Fate of Harrison?

20 Creating and American Culture A. Cultural Nationalism – new enthusiasm for reform A. Cultural Nationalism – new enthusiasm for reform B. Education reform/ professionalism B. Education reform/ professionalism 1. Horace Mann – led tax-supported public school movement, compulsory attendance, longer school year, teacher training 1. Horace Mann – led tax-supported public school movement, compulsory attendance, longer school year, teacher training 2. Moral education – McGuffey readers, hard work, punctual, sober 2. Moral education – McGuffey readers, hard work, punctual, sober Higher education – result of 2 nd Great Awakening, Mt. Holyoke and Oberlin admitted women Higher education – result of 2 nd Great Awakening, Mt. Holyoke and Oberlin admitted women

21

22 Religion; revivalism 1. Second Great Awakening 1820s - 40s 1. Second Great Awakening 1820s - 40s 2. Burned Over District and Western New York/ Charles G. Finney 2. Burned Over District and Western New York/ Charles G. Finney 3. Baptists and Methodists in South – Peter Cartwright led outdoor revivals, camp meetings 3. Baptists and Methodists in South – Peter Cartwright led outdoor revivals, camp meetings

23 Utopian experiments 1. Mormons – founded by Joseph Smith 1. Mormons – founded by Joseph Smith Book of Mormon – connection between lost tribes of Israel and Native Americans Book of Mormon – connection between lost tribes of Israel and Native Americans Smith gained followers and moved west, murdered in Illinois Smith gained followers and moved west, murdered in Illinois Brigham Young led Mormons to Salt Lake City, Utah – establish prosperous, cooperative religious community Brigham Young led Mormons to Salt Lake City, Utah – establish prosperous, cooperative religious community Polygamy Polygamy

24 Oneida Community – founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 cooperative living cooperative living Committed to perfect social and economic equality, free-love Committed to perfect social and economic equality, free-love Shared property and marriage partners Shared property and marriage partners Planned reproduction, communal child rearing, economic success Planned reproduction, communal child rearing, economic success

25 Shakers Founded by Mother Ann Lee – believed to be female embodiment of Christ Founded by Mother Ann Lee – believed to be female embodiment of Christ Communal living Communal living Separation of the Sexes Separation of the Sexes Opportunities for women Opportunities for women

26 Activity 2 – Answer the following in paragraph form. Analyze the extent to which the Second Great Awakening influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and Analyze the extent to which the Second Great Awakening influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840.

27 Transcendentalists Challenged materialism of American society Challenged materialism of American society Individualism, emotion, and nature Individualism, emotion, and nature Ralph Waldo Emerson –self reliance, independent thinking Ralph Waldo Emerson –self reliance, independent thinking Henry David Thoreau – Essay on Civil Disobedience and Walden Henry David Thoreau – Essay on Civil Disobedience and Walden Brook Farm – communal, combine manual labor and intellectuals Brook Farm – communal, combine manual labor and intellectuals

28 National literature, art, and architecture Painting - Hudson River School – expressed romantic ages fascination with the natural world Painting - Hudson River School – expressed romantic ages fascination with the natural world Architecture – Greek styles, democratic spirit Architecture – Greek styles, democratic spirit Literature – American writers and American themes –Coopers Leather- stocking Tales and Last of the Mohicans, Hawthornes Scarlet Letter, and Melvilles Moby Dick Literature – American writers and American themes –Coopers Leather- stocking Tales and Last of the Mohicans, Hawthornes Scarlet Letter, and Melvilles Moby Dick

29 Reform Crusades - Feminism; roles of women in the 19 th century Cult of Domesticity Cult of Domesticity Stemmed from womens involvement in anti-slavery movement Stemmed from womens involvement in anti-slavery movement Grimke Sisters Grimke Sisters Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Seneca Falls Convention (1848) – Declaration of Sentiments – modeled after? Seneca Falls Convention (1848) – Declaration of Sentiments – modeled after?

30 Abolitionism American Colonization Society (1817) – Back to Africa – Liberia American Colonization Society (1817) – Back to Africa – Liberia American Anti-Slavery Society (1831) – William Lloyd Garrison – immediate emancipation, burned Constitution American Anti-Slavery Society (1831) – William Lloyd Garrison – immediate emancipation, burned Constitution Black Abolitionists – Frederick Douglass and his North Star, Sojourner Truth Black Abolitionists – Frederick Douglass and his North Star, Sojourner Truth Violent Abolitionists – David Walker, Nat Turner Violent Abolitionists – David Walker, Nat Turner

31 Temperance Used moral arguments to protest excessive drinking and alcohol Used moral arguments to protest excessive drinking and alcohol One of first reform movements women got involved in One of first reform movements women got involved in American Temperance Society – by 1840s million members American Temperance Society – by 1840s million members Womens Christian Temperance Union Womens Christian Temperance Union Supported by factory owners Supported by factory owners Opposed by German and Irish immigrants Opposed by German and Irish immigrants

32 Criminals and insane Mental Hospitals and Dorothea Dix Mental Hospitals and Dorothea Dix Schools for Blind and Deaf Schools for Blind and Deaf Prisons –solitary confinement for reflection of sins, structure and discipline for moral reform, work programs Prisons –solitary confinement for reflection of sins, structure and discipline for moral reform, work programs

33 Activity 3 – Work with a partner on the following question. The Jacksonian Period (1824 – 1848) has been celebrated as the era of the common man. To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider the reform movements of the Jackson Age in your response. The Jacksonian Period (1824 – 1848) has been celebrated as the era of the common man. To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider the reform movements of the Jackson Age in your response.

34 Essay Questions 1. Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840 Jacksonian economic policy Jacksonian economic policy Changes in electoral politics Changes in electoral politics Second Great Awakening Second Great Awakening Westward Movement Westward Movement

35 Essay Question The Jacksonian Period (1824 – 1848) has been celebrated as the era of the common man. To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response. The Jacksonian Period (1824 – 1848) has been celebrated as the era of the common man. To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response. Economic Development Economic Development Politics Politics Reform Movements Reform Movements

36 Unit 5 Quiz 1. What system was used during the Jackson age to reward loyal party members with jobs? 1. What system was used during the Jackson age to reward loyal party members with jobs? 2. Who headed the National Bank during the Jackson Age? 2. Who headed the National Bank during the Jackson Age? 3. Who led the movement for public education reform? 3. Who led the movement for public education reform? 4. Who helped establish safe institutions for the mentally insane? 4. Who helped establish safe institutions for the mentally insane? 5. What religion did Joseph Smith begin after an angel visited him? 5. What religion did Joseph Smith begin after an angel visited him?


Download ppt "Unit 5: Age of Jackson, 1828 - 1848. Democracy and the Common Man Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google