Presentation on theme: "Industrial and Technological Boom Questions to answer"— Presentation transcript:
1Industrial and Technological Boom Questions to answer Why did people’s daily lives change in the decades following the Civil War?How did advances in electric power and communication affect life for people and businesses?What effects did the development of railroads have on industrial growth?What was the impact of the Bessemer process on America?
23 Factors lead to an Industrial Boom in the late 1800s in America A wealth of natural resourcesOil = gasoline = fuel industryCoalTimber
32. An explosion of ingenuity and inventions = A higher standard of living 3. Growth of urban population = growth of cities = new markets for products = consumerism
4Increased Demand Growth of new ideas and inventions = increased demand With all of the new innovation and inventions a patent system was necessary to protect inventors ingenuityPatent = licenses that give an inventor exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention for a set period of timeBetween , the fed. Gov’t. issues just 36,000 patents= 500,000 patents issued
5Secrecy was a must = fortunes could be made off innovations Without this technological “boom”, the Industrial Revolution would NOT have been possible!
6Investors help expansion European and American business leaders invest.Combination of financial backing and ingenuity create new industries and expand on old ones.Increased industrial productivity = American standard of living goes up
7Industrialization1. Rapid expansion of industry = increased standard of living by a. Work week reduced by 10 hours b. New opportunities in recreation = more demand for technology (phonograph, bicycle, camera)
8Check out these innovations How do they impact your life today?
10The Telegraph1844, Samuel Morse successfully completes the 1st telegraph messageBy 1900, the Western Union Telegraph Company owned more than 900,000 miles of wire and made 63 million telegraph messages a year!
11The TelephoneAlexander Graham Bell patents the “talking telegraph” in 1876.1885 American Telephone and Telegraph Co. build long distance linesBy 1900, 1.5 million telephones were in use
16Thomas Edison, introduces the phonograph in 1877 Best known for his work with electricityIn 1880, Edison produced light in a sealed glass bulb (light bulb).Used a workable filament made of bamboo fiberIndoor lighting now possible?
18Question What would life be like today without indoor lighting? What affect would it have on our social lives?What affect would it have on business?What would you miss the most without electricity?
19Indoor lighting changes “rhythm” of life No indoor lighting in 1865, rising and setting of sun dictated daily activities, business, etc.Imagine life without the benefits of refrigeration!
20Expansion of Electricity Central Power Stations- used to provide electricity for lamps, fans, printing presses, and other new appliances2. Lewis Latimer improved on light bulb (son of an escaped slave)3. George Westinghouse = 1885 use of a transformer to provide long distance power for home use (alternating current)
21Two Major Companies Expand Electricity By 1898, General Electric and Westinghouse Electric power stations were lighting 2 million light bulbs across the land
22ImpactProductivity in business increased = produce more in less time = cost decreasesEmployment opportunitiesHousehold appliances such as refrigeratorRural areas lagged behind
23Oil fuels industrial boom Edwin L. Drake = use of steam engine to drill for oilTitusville, PA 1858Prior obtaining oil time-consuming & expensive
241859, Drake struck oil and it soon became a major industry A by-product of turning crude oil into kerosene was gasoline, but would be viewed as a waste product until the automobile
27Industrial Rev would change Transportation Old methods?Canals connected riversHorse drawn wagonsSlow, inefficient, and expensive!
28Robert Fulton first steamboat Clermont 1807 Western and southern farmers could ship their good around the worldErie Canal 1825 people could travel easily between Atlantic coast and Great LakesRoads were built
30Rise of RailroadsIndustrial expansion and technological boom = increased demand for shipping routes to new markets = expansion of railroad industry
31Railroads Gave reliable way to transport goods Early Locomotive – steam engine on wheelsa. Could pull many cars at onceb. Could hold people or freightGave reliable way to transport goodsCreated millions of new jobsHelped farmers get produce to markets fasterTravel took less timePeople traveled more for pleasure
32Railroads – 1828 Baltimore and Ohio Line (B & O) Advances in communication came next, postal service, regular mail delivery
35Growth of Railroads Major expansion during and after Civil War Completion of the first Transcontinental Railroad on May 10, 1869 at Promontory Summit, Utah after 7 years of construction.Most workers were immigrants = ChineseGovernment funded most of projectCentral Pacific and Union Pacific Railroad companies
37Technological Advances expand railroads Track gages and signalsAir brake systemsGranville Woods = telegraph system for communication of moving trainsGrowth of railroads leads to development of towns in westTime zones created to improve scheduling
38Soon networks of communication developed magazines, newspapers, and books – literacy rate up! All contributed to the Industrialization of America.The USA became a major textile producer because of cotton production
39Question What impact might improved transportation have on business? What impact might it have on families and social life?
40Expansion of BusinessGrowth of business = easier to ship goods = lower shipping costs = further expansion of business
41Bessemer Process1856 Henry Bessemer = create steel from scrap metal = more durableIron rails would be replaced by steelMelt iron, add carbon and remove impuritiesSteel was lighter, stronger, and more flexible