5 Thomas Hobbes Absolute monarchy was best Human beings are naturally: ViolentDisorderlyWithout absolute monarch = chaos1651 LeviathanForm social contractGive up freedoms to be protected and live peacefullyNo right to rebel
19 Adam SmithFather of EconomicsIf individuals free to pursue own economic self interests society benefits
20 Adam Smith Laissez – Faire Economics Government should leave the economy ALONE3 roles of governmentProtect state from invasionDefend citizens from injusticesKeep up public works (i.e. roads, canals)
22 Mary Wollstonecraft Philosophes held traditional view toward women Mary argued that women need educationUrged women to enter fields dominated by menMedicinePolitics
23 Inspired French and American Revolutions Three long-term effects LegacyInspired French and American RevolutionsThree long-term effectsBelief in progressRise of more secular outlookRise of individualism
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