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4.4 Optimization

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**Strategies for solving Max and Min Story Problems:**

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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**Example 1: What is the maximum product of two non-negative numbers whose sum is 20?**

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Example 2 A rancher wishes to fence off a rectangular pasture along a straight river, the side along the river requiring no fence. She has enough barbed wire to build a fence 6000 feet long. What are the dimensions of the pasture which gives the largest grazing area?

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Example 3: An open-top box is to be made by cutting congruent squares from the corners of a 20 by 25 inch sheet of tin and bending up the sides. How large should the squares be make the box hold as much as possible? What is the resulting maximum volume?

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**Example 4: Find two numbers whose sum is 20 and product is as large as possible.**

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What is the largest possible area for a right triangle whose hypotenuse is 5 cm long , and what are its dimensions? Answers on Next Slide…

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Answers 𝐴= 1 2 𝑥 25− 𝑥 2 𝐷:[0, 5] 𝐴=− 1 2 𝑥 − 𝑥 2 − − 𝑥 2 𝐶𝑃: 𝑥=3.5355 𝑆𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑓𝑖𝑟𝑠𝑡 𝑑𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑠 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑝𝑜𝑠 𝑡𝑜 𝑛𝑒𝑔 𝑎𝑡 x = , by 1DT it’s a rel max. Since it’s the only CP, it’s an Abs Max. Dimension: x Area = 6.25

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A 216 m2 rectangular pea patch is to be enclosed by a fence and divided into two equal parts by another fence parallel to one of the sides. What dimensions for the outer rectangle will require the smallest total length of fence? How much fence will be needed? Answers on Next Slide…

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**Answers 𝑃=3x−432 𝑥 −1 𝐷:[0, ∞) 𝑃′=3−432 𝑥 −2 𝐶𝑃: 𝑥=12 P” = 864x -3**

𝐶𝑃: 𝑥=12 P” = 864x -3 P”(12) > 0 so it’s a rel max Since it’s the only CP it is an absolute max

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The US Postal Service will accept a box for domestic shipment only if the sum of its length and girth (distance around), as shown in the figure, does not exceed 108 in. What dimensions will give a box with a square end the largest possible volume? Girth = Distance around here square end length

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**Answers 𝐷:[0, 27] 𝑉=108𝑥2−4𝑥3 𝑉 ′ =216𝑥−12𝑥2 𝐶𝑃: 𝑥= 0, 18 x V 18 11664**

𝐶𝑃: 𝑥= 0, 18 x V 18 11664 27 𝐷𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠: 𝑥=18, 𝑦=36

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Calculus and Analytical Geometry

Calculus and Analytical Geometry

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