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By: Jillian Henkelman, Katie Lew, and Francesca Savona.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Jillian Henkelman, Katie Lew, and Francesca Savona."— Presentation transcript:


2 By: Jillian Henkelman, Katie Lew, and Francesca Savona

3 Petra (rock) oleum ( oil) Sea plants and animals die Sank to bottom of oceans Buried under sand and sediment (turned into rock) Heat pressure changed, oil was formed Oil is a fossil fuel which is made of sea plants and animals Were formed millions of years ago

4  Ancient Chinese and Egyptians used oil to light their home  Egyptians used oil to preserve mummies  Chinese found oil in old salt wells  Americans used whale oil to light their homes, ran out, huge demand for more, found more oil on ponds and lakes  Edwin Drake drilled 1 oil well in 1859  Kerosene made to light homes (gasoline and other products thrown away, no use)  Henry Ford made automobile which used gasoline

5  Found in several regions  Found in North America, South America, the Middle East, Russia, and Europe  Top 3 oil producing countries are South Arabia, Russia, and the United States  Oil rigs  Oil wells  When oil is at the refinery, it is heated,cooled them cleaned

6  Petroleum provides 39% energy use  Very cheap compared to how much energy is inside of it  Pipelines are safest and cheapest way to move it  Petroleum is most important energy use in our everyday lives

7  Very expensive for drilling  U.S. imports 2/3 of oil from other countries  Very unsuccessful, out of 100, only 44 give oil  Lots of oil spills  Exxon Valdez  Drilling disturbs fragile land

8  Using hybrid cars  During traffic jams turn off your engine  Using oil-eating bacteria  Gasoline and diesel fuel are changed to burn cleaner  Use rig less drills so they won’t harm land  Rigs to Reef program is when used up rigs are toppled so that they become artificial reefs for fish  Shale oil  1990 laws say to produce gasoline with less sulfur and pollutants  Will only last about for 60 more years  Future is very poor

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