Presentation on theme: "Federalism Pt. 2. The Supremacy Clause Gives the national government supremacy over state and local governments States cannot use reserved or concurrent."— Presentation transcript:
The Supremacy Clause Gives the national government supremacy over state and local governments States cannot use reserved or concurrent powers to counter national policies State and local officeholders must take an oath supporting the U.S. Constitution upon taking office. The clause created many conflicts throughout history Most significantly the Civil War
The Civil War and Federalism The Civil War was a power struggle between the states and the national government Nullification Crisis Tariffs on imported goods angered Southerners South Carolina attempted to nullify (make void) the tariffs Believed that the state should have the ultimate authority to determine the welfare of its citizens
Civil War and Federalism Cont’d Supporters of Nullification used the idea to justify secession-or the withdrawal of the states from the Union The defeat of the South in the Civil War resulted in an increase of political power for the national government
Critical Thinking Do you think the Southerners were right in their thinking that the states should have the ultimate authority in the welfare of their people? Why or why not?
Dual Federalism This model states that the federal and state governments are basically equal Each level of government has separate and distinct functions Courts sometimes often ruled in favor of local or state governments over the national government Predominant until the 1930s
Cooperative Federalism This model views the national and state government as complimentary parts of a single governmental mechanism The purpose of this “mechanism” is to solve problems facing the entire United States Grew out of the need to solve the tremendous problems of the Great Depression
The Great Depression and the New Deal The New Deal was created by President Franklin D. Roosevelt It involved many government spending measures aimed at getting the U.S. out of the Great Depression This marked the beginning cooperative federalism and the beginning of national supremacy
Critical Thinking Do you think that cooperative federalism and national supremacy (a stronger national government) would have developed if it hadn’t been for the Great Depression?
1960s and the Great Society The Great Society was created by President Johnson and greatly increased the powers of the national government Examples include: Medicaid and Medicare Job Corps Civil Rights Act of 1964
New Federalism New Federalism was meant to be a revival of Dual Federalism Launched by President Nixon in the 1970s and supported by President Reagan in the 1980s Involved returning to the states certain powers that have been exercised by the national government since the 1930s Example: 1996 welfare reform gave the states more authority over welfare programs