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Developmental Psychology. Piaget - Cognitive developmental psychologist.

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Presentation on theme: "Developmental Psychology. Piaget - Cognitive developmental psychologist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developmental Psychology

2 Piaget - Cognitive developmental psychologist

3 General notes Piaget studied the interaction between children and the people and objects with which they come in contact Piaget studied the interaction between children and the people and objects with which they come in contact A child cannot master a new intellectual concept before he or she has reached the correct stage of maturation A child cannot master a new intellectual concept before he or she has reached the correct stage of maturation Children adapt as fast as their biological development permits (maturation) Children adapt as fast as their biological development permits (maturation)

4 4 stages of cognitive development Sensory – Motor Sensory – Motor Pre - operational Pre - operational Concrete - Operational Concrete - Operational Formal - Operational Formal - Operational

5 Sensory - Motor Birth – two years of age Birth – two years of age Children begin to distinguish themselves from those around them Children begin to distinguish themselves from those around them Curiosity develops Curiosity develops Coordinates sensory experiences with sucking, reaching, and grasping Coordinates sensory experiences with sucking, reaching, and grasping

6 Milestone for the Sensory - Motor phase OBJECT CONSTANCY OBJECT CONSTANCY –Objects no longer exist when they disappear from sight OBJECT PERMANENCE OBJECT PERMANENCE –The (cognitive) understanding things continue to exist even though I cannot see them

7 Pre - Operational Ages 2-7 Ages 2-7 Children focus on their own desires, pleasures, pains Children focus on their own desires, pleasures, pains Use language as a tool for understanding and controlling their world Use language as a tool for understanding and controlling their world Ages 2-4 generalization Ages 2-4 generalization Age 4-5 ability to distinguish Age 4-5 ability to distinguish

8 Concrete - Operational Ages 7-11 Ages 7-11 Specialized skills develop Specialized skills develop Grouping – classification system that allows them to place similar objects together (dogs, turtles, fish, = pets) Grouping – classification system that allows them to place similar objects together (dogs, turtles, fish, = pets)

9 Formal Operational Early adolescence Early adolescence Understand abstract political, moral, religious, and scientific ideas Understand abstract political, moral, religious, and scientific ideas

10 Schema An idea or mental framework that helps one organize and interpret date An idea or mental framework that helps one organize and interpret date Schemas are ever changing Schemas are ever changing

11 Conservation Conservation The understanding of different laws of conservation happens between the ages of 5 and 9 The understanding of different laws of conservation happens between the ages of 5 and 9 The principle that the properties of substances remain the same despite changes in their shape or arrangement The principle that the properties of substances remain the same despite changes in their shape or arrangement


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