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The Battle of Yorktown. The Treaty of Paris Although most flag historians do not believe Betsy Ross to be the maker of the first American flag, the Betsy.

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Presentation on theme: "The Battle of Yorktown. The Treaty of Paris Although most flag historians do not believe Betsy Ross to be the maker of the first American flag, the Betsy."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Battle of Yorktown

2 The Treaty of Paris Although most flag historians do not believe Betsy Ross to be the maker of the first American flag, the Betsy Ross story has become publicized and common, accepted by many Americans. According to the legend, the original Betsy Ross flag was made in 1776, when a small committee including George Washington and George Ross, a relative, visited Betsy and discussed the need for a new American flag. Betsy's contribution to the design was a 5- pointed star (instead of a 6-pointed star, as Francis Hopkinson used), and she accepted the job to sew the first.

3 - Yorktown shows war is too costly for British to pursue.

4 The surrender of the British at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781, ended the Revolutionary War. Trumbull placed American General Benjamin Lincoln at the center on a white horse, with French officers on the left and Americans on the right, led by General Washington on the brown horse. The British are represented by British officers, but Lord Cornwallis himself was not present. Cornwallis feigned illness and sent a junior officer to sign the surrender treaty. Trumbull was proud of the fact that he had painted portraits of the French officers while in France; he included a self portrait in the group under the American flag.

5 Treaty of Paris (unfinished painting -- from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. The British commissioners refused to pose, and the picture was never finished. April John Jay, Ben Franklin, and John Adams represent the U.S. (Six Months to agree!)

6 1) Great Britain recognizes the U.S. as a free nation

7 2)Land Includes:  From the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River  From the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River  up to Canada, down to Spanish Florida  up to Canada, down to Spanish Florida

8 3) British withdraw troops

9 4) British merchants can collect $ Americans owe

10 How the Colonists Felt!! Date _________ tNw that the British troops are leaving, how will the remaining Americans lives change?

11 I. Native Americans

12 Land west of App. Mts. is given to army veterans While a slave in Virginia, he volunteered to fight for the American cause. He spied on the British army for the Americans and reported his findings to General Lafayette. When the British General Cornwallis asked him to spy on the Americans, he became a double agent, giving Cornwallis misinformation from Washington. The information he sent to Lafayette resulted in the French fleet blocking the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. This blockade prevented Cornwallis from receiving supplies and reinforcements, which forced him to surrender at Yorktown. For his services during the war, he was granted his freedom by the Virginia Legislature. He took the name of Lafayette because of his strong admiration for the French General, Marquis de Lafayette.

13 II. African Americans

14 JAMES ARMISTEAD LAFAYETTE While a slave in Virginia, he volunteered to fight for the American cause. He spied on the British army for the Americans and reported his findings to General Lafayette. When the British General Cornwallis asked him to spy on the Americans, he became a double agent, giving Cornwallis misinformation from Washington. The information he sent to Lafayette resulted in the French fleet blocking the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. This blockade prevented Cornwallis from receiving supplies and reinforcements, which forced him to surrender at Yorktown. For his services during the war, he was granted his freedom by the Virginia Legislature. He took the name of Lafayette because of his strong admiration for the French General, Marquis de Lafayette. -Some NE and Middle colonies abolished slavery/still in south

15 - Af. Am. limited by law – whites feared loss of jobs.

16 Revolutionary ideas increased the criticism of slavery. Side by side in war… side by side in freedom?

17 III. Women

18 - War did little to advance the status of women.

19 Because of wartime experience, some challenge traditional roles.

20


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