2 Russo-Japanese War 1904 - Tsar Nicholas II declared war on Japan Japan launches surprise attack on Russian fleet in PacificSecond fleet destroyed tooWins land battles in Korea and ManchuriaJapan begins to run out of resources
3 Roosevelt the Peacemaker First meeting took place on Presidential YachtTreaty of PortsmouthNobel Peace Prize
4 The Panama CanalPhilippe Bunau-Varilla sells private French company route (40 mill)Need Columbian PermissionPanamanian RebellionNov. 3rd, 1903 Independence10 MillionPlus annual rent of 250,000 for the land
6 The Roosevelt Corollary Latin American nations develop debtMonroe Doctrine (1823)Stay away Europe!Roosevelt CorollaryU.S. would use force to protect its economic interests in Latin AmericaDollar DiplomacyWilliam H. Taft’s policyGuarantee loans made to foreign countries
7 Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy U.S. had a moral responsibility to deny governments that were…OppressiveUndemocraticHostileThe Mexican RevolutionFrancisco Madero leads overthrow of government, but is poor leaderKilled by General Victoriano Huerta“Government of butchers” - Wilson
8 “Watchful Waiting” April 1914 - Americans accidentally arrested Huerta regime collapses1915 Wilson recognizes Venustiano CarranzaWithdraw troops
9 Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata Opposed Carranza’s gov. (1916)American engineers - invite turns deadly2 months later Pancho’s men kill 17 AmericansBrigadier General John J. PershingTroops clash in 1916Facing war in EuropeBoth sides back down
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