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Intro to World War I Mr. Westfall’s World Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Intro to World War I Mr. Westfall’s World Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intro to World War I Mr. Westfall’s World Studies

2 Causes of WWI A- Alliance N - Nationalism I - Imperialism M - Militarism A - Anarchy L - Leadership

3 Alliance System Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria- Hungary & Italy) –Germany’s goal was to isolate France –Italy was mad at France for their occupation of Tunisia –Austria-Hungary’s expansion into the Balkan’s conflicted w/ Russia’s ambitions –Weakness was Italy’s desire to regain Italian- inhabited Austrian territories

4 Alliance System Cont… Triple Entente (France, Russia & Britain) –France wanted to regain European leadership and gain back provinces from Germany –After Bismarck was out of power Germany did not want to renew its treaty with Russia so France stepped in and provided military and industrial loans. –Britain was seen as an industrial and colonial superpower they still feared Germany’s growing navy. –Although France and Britain clashed over territory in Africa they came to a peaceful agreement and in 1907 completed the Triple Entente.

5 Alliance System Cont…

6 Nationalism Strong nationalist movements and revolutions led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in France was left seething over the loss of Alsace- Lorraine and Revanche to Germany in the Franco Prussian War. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups.

7 Imperialism Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. Several crises foreshadowing the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa. In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia.

8 Militarism Another cause of the war was similar to the arms race of today and the cold war. Britain had a big navy and Germany wanted the same. France and Germany were both increasing military size.

9 Militarism Cont… Comparative figures on army increase, : Russia 700,000 1,300,000 France 380, ,000 Germany 403, ,000 Austria-Hungary 247, ,000 Britain 302, ,000 Italy 334, ,000 Japan 70, ,000 U.S.A. 37,000 98,000

10 Anarchy There was no solid international organization to help them deal with their problems.

11 Leadership Aggressive leadership Raymond Poincare France Nicholas II Russia King George V Britain William II & Bismarck Germany

12 Causes of WWI A- Alliance N - Nationalism I - Imperialism M - Militarism A - Anarchy L - Leadership

13 Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, 1914

14 Ferdinand Cont… Serbia was put under Austria-Hungary’s rule by Bismarck during the Congress of Berlin. Ferdinand was the heir to the throne in Austria-Hungary. Serbian nationalists (The Black Hand) plotted to assassinate the Archduke upon his arrival to Sarajevo.

15 Ferdinand Cont… Eyewitness Account The road to maneuvers was shaped like the letter V, making a sharp turn at the bridge over the River Nilgacka. Franz Ferdinand's car could go fast enough until it reached this spot but here it was forced to slow down for the turn. Here Princip had taken his stand. As the car came abreast he stepped forward from the curb, drew his automatic pistol from his coat and fired two shots. The first struck the wife of the Archduke, the Archduchess Sofia, in the abdomen. She was an expectant mother. She died instantly. The second bullet struck the Archduke close to the heart.He uttered only one word; Sofia - a call to his stricken wife. Then his head fell back and he collapsed. He died almost instantly. The officers seized Princip. They beat him over the head with the flat of their swords. They knocked him down; they kicked him, tortured him, and all but killed him. He was then taken to the Sarajevo gaol (jail). Borijove Jevtic

16 Ferdinand Cont…

17 Ferdinand's Funeral

18 Outbreak of WAR! (1914) Due to the assassination Austria declares war on Serbia. (July 28 th ) Russia mobilizes to help Serbia, this alarms Germany. So Germany then declares war on Russia and France. (Aug. 1 st & 3 rd ) Germany makes advances toward France through Belgium, British unhappy and declares war on Germany. (Aug. 4 th )

19 German Troops Entering Belgium in 1914

20 New Warfare Technology

21 Trenches Cont…

22

23 Chemical Warfare

24 Tanks VS. No animals were harmed in the making of this PowerPoint presentation!

25 Machine Gun German MaximAmerican Browning

26 Artillery

27 Rifles Austrian Mannlicher German Mauser British Enfield US Springfield

28 War at Sea

29 War in the Air

30 Air War Cont…

31 Communications

32 Answer on a separate sheet of paper. List and explain at least three of the underlying causes of World War I. EC: What message is this propaganda poster portraying?

33 THE END!!!


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