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Asian Art History Day 1 : Architecture. Stupa India Definition: Buddhist religious monument; mounds were originally made of mud or clay to cover supposed.

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Presentation on theme: "Asian Art History Day 1 : Architecture. Stupa India Definition: Buddhist religious monument; mounds were originally made of mud or clay to cover supposed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Asian Art History Day 1 : Architecture

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3 Stupa India Definition: Buddhist religious monument; mounds were originally made of mud or clay to cover supposed ashes and relics of the Buddha. Later developed into stone monuments.

4 Buddha

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6 The Great Stupa (3 rd century B.C.)

7 The Great Stupa Yasti –the mast or pole that arises from the dome of the stupa. It symbolizes the axis of the universe; it is adorned with a series of chatras. –Chatra »Stone, circular disks located on the yasti Toranas –the four gateways around the Great Stupa.

8 Pagoda Definition: tiered tower with multiple eaves common in China, Japan, and other parts of Asia. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist, and were often located in or near temples.

9 Important Note: Chinese Pagodas were built of STONE

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11 Great Wild Goose Pagoda, at Ci’en Temple, Xi’an (645 A.D.)

12 Important Note: Japanese Pagodas were built of WOOD

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14 Horyu-ji Goju no Tou (Five-Level Pagoda) Horyu-ji Complex Nara, Japan (607 A.D.)

15 Finial (sorin): –used to decoratively emphasize the apex (top). Podium (kidan): –used as a “base” for the structure, elevating it above the ground.

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18 One of the few surviving murals from the Horyu-ji Temple Complex

19 The Great Wall of China (5 th Century B.C.)

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