Presentation on theme: "Asian Art History Day 1 : Architecture. Stupa India Definition: Buddhist religious monument; mounds were originally made of mud or clay to cover supposed."— Presentation transcript:
Asian Art History Day 1 : Architecture
Stupa India Definition: Buddhist religious monument; mounds were originally made of mud or clay to cover supposed ashes and relics of the Buddha. Later developed into stone monuments.
The Great Stupa (3 rd century B.C.)
The Great Stupa Yasti –the mast or pole that arises from the dome of the stupa. It symbolizes the axis of the universe; it is adorned with a series of chatras. –Chatra »Stone, circular disks located on the yasti Toranas –the four gateways around the Great Stupa.
Pagoda Definition: tiered tower with multiple eaves common in China, Japan, and other parts of Asia. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist, and were often located in or near temples.
Important Note: Chinese Pagodas were built of STONE
Great Wild Goose Pagoda, at Ci’en Temple, Xi’an (645 A.D.)
Important Note: Japanese Pagodas were built of WOOD
Horyu-ji Goju no Tou (Five-Level Pagoda) Horyu-ji Complex Nara, Japan (607 A.D.)
Finial (sorin): –used to decoratively emphasize the apex (top). Podium (kidan): –used as a “base” for the structure, elevating it above the ground.
One of the few surviving murals from the Horyu-ji Temple Complex