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Technology Seminar Industrial Connectivity with MW100 & DXAdvanced

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1 Technology Seminar Industrial Connectivity with MW100 & DXAdvanced
Yokogawa Corporation of America INetConn201 Version 1

2 Introduce technologies and devices to use in your facility
Format of the Seminar Introduce technologies and devices to use in your facility Discussion will focus on practical aspects, not theory We will not cover all products/technologies Use hands on, live demonstrations with lots of hardware Provide good resources (info,tutorials, books, software….) Have a website for follow-up Internal Use Only

3 Topics A 15 Minute Network Refresher
Webserver, FTP, , and SNTP demos Introduction to Industrial Protocols Protocol Demonstrations Protocol Gateways Remote Access (wireless, cellular and dial-up) Wireless Demos OPC with Demos Application Software Demonstrations Internal Use Only

4 Today’s Network (with local internet access)
MV1000 DX1000 (seminar) Allen-Bradley CompactLogix (Radio 5440) PR300 MW100 CX2000 Connection Summary It is desirable to have a connection to Internet via wireless or hardware (i.e. in a hotel). Main laptop for the seminar has static IP of to connect to the seminar hardware MW is logically connected to the DX2000 (demonstrate the automatic connection of DX2000 to MW) YS1700 is connected via Frequency Hopping Ethernet radios (view data in YSuite via OPC) PR300 is connected on Ethernet (MODBUS TCP) to the Class I Div 2 MW100. (add custom webpage showing PR300 data) Transmitter is connected to Class I Div 2 MW100 via Moore Industries HCX HART to MODBUS RTU concentrator Moore HCS has an RS485 connection to MW100 Airlink Notes: If your laptop has connection to the Internet; Set DX1000 to DHCP Connect DX1000 to the Airlink. Access DX1000 webpage over Internet by (where xx is the last two digits of Radio EID) If your laptop does not have connection to the Internet; Sometime during the seminar, set your laptop to DHCP Connect laptop to Airlink (which gives you connection to the Internet) Show that you can surf the web Then connect to dx1000.us.yokogawa.com CompactLogix is reading ch 1 from MW and ch 1 on MW CompactLogix is writing counter to MW math channel 20 YS1700 (Radio 5448) DX2000 MW100 Internal Use Only

5 15 Minute Network Refresher
An Ethernet History Lesson Network Cards and Cabling Fiber Networks Network Addressing: MAC and IP Static vs Dynamic Addressing The Network Language: TCP/IP and Packets Routing Concepts Network Address Translation Using Switches to Make a Better Network Demonstrations of TCP IP protocols Webservers FTP SNTP Internal Use Only

6 Physical Layer: The Wire
10baseT Speed Physical Media (Twisted Pair) Cat 5: voice and data at 100 mbps Cat 5e: voice and data at 100 mbps Cat 6: voice and data at 250 mbps UTP: unshielded twisted pair (normal in office) Patch cable: straight thru; used with hubs & routers Cross cable: crossed; used for PC to device direct RJ45: standard 10baseT (twisted pair) connector* Internal Use Only

7 Network Interface Card
Term Alert: NIC Network Interface Card A computer card containing and Ethernet controller chip and communications transceivers able to connect to the “wire” and talk using Ethernet rules and format. Laptop PCMCIA Card IEEE802.3 Desktop “NIC” Card IEEE802.3u Desktop “NIC” Card IEEE802.3 Laptop PCMCIA Card Wireless IEEE802.11 Internal Use Only

8 Network Addressing Basics
Two Types of Addresses MAC (Media Access Control) address Also known as the physical or Ethernet address What device within a network Similar to the VIN number in your car IP (Internet protocol) address Known as the logical address What Network is the device on? Similar to the state license plate on your car Internal Use Only

9 The Big 3: IP, Subnet, Gateway
This is the network This is the .3 device IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway 0 means device 255 means network 32 bit number shown as 4 bytes (each or ) IP addresses are unique. No two machines can have the same IP number. IP addresses are global, standardized, and controlled Need subnet mask to know network vs. host Internal Use Only

10 More About IP Addresses
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Admiralty Way, Suite Marina del Rey, CA USA (phone) (facsimile) network.host.host.host network.network.host.host network.network.network.host Internal Use Only

11 Routable vs. Non-Routable
Most IP addresses are “full” internet Called routable because they work Special addresses for non-routable Used on local network Cannot directly access the internet 10.x.x.x x.x x.x Internal Use Only

12 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Term Alert: DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Process of automatically assigning an IP address when a device is connected to a local area network. Typically used in an office to conserve IP addresses. DX does not support DHCP. DX is always connected and other devices such as (FTP and servers) expect a constant IP address from DX. Internal Use Only

13 Static vs. Dynamic Addressing
Dynamic IP (DHCP) Static IP Internal Use Only

14 Software running on a host machine that links
Term Alert: DNS Domain Name Server Software running on a host machine that links an IP address with a name. Allows users to connect to a device by IP address or by name. dx200.us.yokogawa.com Domain names ending with .biz, .com, .info, .name, .net or .org can be registered through many different companies (known as "registrars"). Internal Use Only

15 Data Flow with a Hub Is this a Class A, B, or C network?
What is the network number? Should the hub have an IP address? Hub LAN LAN Internal Use Only

16 Data Flow with a Switch 192.168.225.102 192.168.225.101 Send Packet
Hub Switch Send Reply Internal Use Only

17 Term Alert: NAT Network Address Translation enables multiple computers to communication via the a single IP address. Router Dynamic NAT Internal Use Only

18 Term Alert: Ports Port numbers are divided into three ranges:
Well Known Ports Registered Ports Dynamic and/or Private Ports Ports in an network device are similar to different doors into a house. A house has one street address but many doors to enter the house. A network device has one IP address but many ports. Ports are used to allow traffic to go directly to a device and/or application ( i.e. to an server PC or program). Ports can also be used by firewalls to filter traffic. Internal Use Only

19 Demonstration of Some Common Protocols
HTTP (webserver) FTP (automatic file transfer) SMTP ( ) SNTP (network time synchronization) Internal Use Only

20 Industrial Protocol Primer
What is a “Protocol”? What do they do? What are some protocol types? Internal Use Only

21 Proprietary (i.e. Yokogawa, Honeywell…) MODBUS (RTU and TCP)
Protocol Types Proprietary (i.e. Yokogawa, Honeywell…) MODBUS (RTU and TCP) Allen Bradley Protocols Ethernet IP DNP3 HART Foundation Fieldbus DeviceNet Profibus Internal Use Only

22 Connection vs. Protocol
Do not confuse connection type versus protocol type Connection refers to the physical media RS232 RS422 RS485 Ethernet Protocol refers to the “language” spoken Modbus DF1 Ethernet IP DeviceNet Profibus Internal Use Only

23 Yokogawa Protocols: Telnet Examples
telnet (login admin 0) Internal Use Only

24 Originally developed by Gould for Modicon PLC’s
MODBUS RTU (Serial) Originally developed by Gould for Modicon PLC’s Simple master/slave structure One device talks, multiple devices respond Function codes for read, write Typically runs on RS232, RS422 or RS485 Each data value “lives” in a preset register Hardware data is mapped to registers Easy to exchange data between devices Many devices support MODBUS RTU PLC’s, controllers, DCS, recorders, data acquisition, transmitters, gas chromatographs, flow computers Internal Use Only

25 Example of MODBUS Mapping
Internal Use Only

26 MODBUS RTU over Ethernet Client/Server
MODBUS TCP (Ethernet) MODBUS RTU over Ethernet Client/Server Client issues commands (i.e. read/write) Server responds to command Allows multiple devices to issue commands Uses port 502 Internal Use Only

27 Allen Bradley Protocols
Lots of A-B protocols DF1 is a serial protocol Uses PCCC (Programmable Controller Communication Command) Serial programming port on A-B PLC’s is DF1 DH-485 Data Highway (DH) & Data Highway Plus (DH+) Token passing peer to peer LAN protocols Remote I/O (RIO) Connecting remote racks of I/O Internal Use Only

28 Communications protocol built on TCP/IP
Ethernet IP Communications protocol built on TCP/IP Ethernet IP runs on standard ethernet networks Employs CIP (Common Industrial Protocol*) structure CIP is common to Ethernet IP, DeviceNet, and ControlNet Supported by ODVA organization (Open Device Vendor Association) Ethernet IP uses two message types Explicit: Client/server transaction executed on demand (configuration) Implicit: I/O data transfer done at a specific, periodic rate Ethernet IP is widely used in Allen-Bradley PLC products Legacy A-B products support CIP within PCCC (DF1) PCCC (Programmable Controller Communication Commands) PCCC has extensions to support CIP. These are Rockwell proprietary Internal Use Only

29 Ethernet IP Internal Use Only

30 CIP and PCCC Internal Use Only

31 Set IP address and access point to MW 100
I/O Messaging (1) Set IP address and access point to MW 100 RS Logix 5000 screen (1) set connection point * you can assign another size within its assembly size. Internal Use Only

32 DNP3 Internal Use Only

33 DNP3 and MODBUS Comparison
From Triangle Micro Works Internal Use Only

34 HART HART is an acronym for "Highway Addressable Remote Transducer".
The HART protocol makes use of Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) superimposes digital communication signals on top of the 4-20mA This enables two-way field communication to take place It is possible for data other than the process variable to be communicated Internal Use Only

35 HART Internal Use Only

36 Industrial Protocol Demonstrations
Yokogawa Protocol MW100 with telnet MODBUS RTU Serial Green Series controller to CX2000 MODBUS TCP DXA with MW100 MW100 with PR300 HART HART transmitter to MODBUS RTU on CX2000 Ethernet IP Compact Logix and MW100 Internal Use Only

37 Serial to Ethernet Converter Modbus RTU serial to MODBUS TCP
Procotol Gateways Serial to Ethernet Converter Modbus RTU serial to MODBUS TCP DH+ to MODBUS TCP HART to MODBUS RTU serial MODBUS serial to DNP3 Internal Use Only

38 There are two types of messaging
Ethernet / IP Details There are two types of messaging Scanner Control Logix PLC-5 SLC500 Ethernet / IP Explicit messaging Adapter - I/O messaging MW 100 Internal Use Only

39 Logix supports both type of messaging
Configuration Logix supports both type of messaging Explicit messaging with adding “MSG” instruction I/O messaging by adding ethernet module RS Logix 5000 screen Internal Use Only

40 Set communication path to MW 100
Explicit Messaging (1) Set communication path to MW 100 (1) put MSG instruction RS Logix 5000 screen (2) set path at “Communication” tab Internal Use Only

41 Set IP address and access point to MW 100
I/O Messaging (2) Set IP address and access point to MW 100 RS Logix 5000 screen (2) set connection point * when input only connection, set 191 at output as a heart-beat. Internal Use Only

42 File number / Tag names in the MW100
File number / Tag names for Explicit messaging I/O Channel (001 to 060, max. 60 ch) Computation Channel (A001 to A300, max. 300 ch) Ch. PLC2 PLC5 / SLC CIP int CIP dint CIP real 001 1000 N,D,F10:0 int [1000] dint [1000] real [1000] : 060 1060 N,D,F10:60 int [1060] dint [1060] real [1060] Ch. PLC2 PLC5 / SLC CIP int CIP dint CIP real A001 2000 N,D,F20:0 int [2000] dint [2000] real [2000] : A300 2299 N,D,F22:99 int [2299] dint [2299] real [2299] Internal Use Only

43 File number / Tag names (2)
Communication Channel (C001 to C300, max. 300 ch) With N file or CIP int tag, you can access to the data as short integer (word) With D file or CIP dint tag, you can access to the data as long integer (double word) With F file or CIP real tag, you can access to the data as real (float) Ch. PLC2 PLC5 / SLC CIP int CIP dint CIP real C001 3000 N,D,F30:00 int [3000] dint [3000] real [3000] : C300 3299 N,D,F32:99 int [2299] dint [3299] real [3299] Internal Use Only

44 Assembly instances for I/O messaging
Channels in Assembly Object Ch. Kind Instance ID Size Type Producer 110 4 x 60 dint A001 - A100 120 4 x 100 A101 - A200 121 A201 - A300 122 C001 - C100 Producer / Consumer 130 C101 - C200 131 C201 - C300 132 Configuration 190 Consumer 191 Internal Use Only

45 Allow you to bridge between two devices that speak different protocols
Protocol Gateways Allow you to bridge between two devices that speak different protocols Offered by many different vendors Prosoft Anybus (HMS) Lantronix Digi Fieldserver Equustek Internal Use Only

46 MODBUS RTU serial to MODBUS TCP
Internal Use Only

47 DH+ to MODBUS TCP Internal Use Only

48 HART to MODBUS Internal Use Only

49 Wireless Technology Background Types of Wireless Radios
Remote Access Wireless Technology Background Types of Wireless Radios Cellular Modems Internal Use Only

50 Microwaves, RC Cars, Cordless Phones, & Door Openers
These everyday devices use radio frequency technology Microwave (2.5 GHz) RC Toys (27 or 49 MHz) Garage Door Opener ( MHz) Cordless Phones (900MHz, 2.4GHz, 5.8GHz) Internal Use Only

51 A Look At Radio Frequencies
Radio frequency spectrum is assigned by governments CB radio: MHz FM radio: MHz WiFi for PC’s: 2.4 GHZ Licensed vs. Unlicensed bands Licensed provides more power! Two licensed frequency bands 400 MHz 900 MHz 3 unlicensed frequency bands in U.S. ISM bands (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) MHz 2.4 to GHz 5.725 to GHz (U-NII*) . *Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure Internal Use Only

52 The Two Commonly Used Types of Spread Spectrum Technology
Back to Basics The Two Commonly Used Types of Spread Spectrum Technology FHSS Frequency Hopping DSSS Direct Sequence Internal Use Only

53 Wired & Wireless Standards
802.3 802.3i 802.5 802.3u 802.3af 10base-T ethernet Token Ring (IBM…) 100base-TX ethernet Powered ethernet 802.3ab 1000base-T gigabit copper Wireless WPAN (wireless personal area network) 802.1x 802.11 802.11a 802.11b 802.11g 802.16 802.15 54 Mbps at 5.4 GHz “Wi-Fi”, 11 Mbps in 2.4 GHz 54 Mbps at 2.4 GHz Bluetooth Zigbee WMAN (wireless metropolitan area network) WLAN (wireless local area network) Internal Use Only

54 Wireless A B G Internal Use Only

55 Data from Remote DX100’s & MW100’s is Consolidated in PC
M1223UJ-A: RLX-FHE Frequency Hopping Ethernet (2.4GHz) Data from Remote DX100’s & MW100’s is Consolidated in PC RLX-FHE DX104 PC running: DAQStandard (configuration) DAQLogger SCADA/HMI with OPC 10baseT RLX-FHE DX104 10baseT 10BaseT Ethernet RLX-FHE RLX-FHE DX104 10baseT Internal Use Only

56 UT351 with Radiolinx 802.11b Hotspot
RLX-IH Laptop with b “Wi-Fi” wireless ability Laptop with b “Wi-Fi” wireless ability Internal Use Only

57 Expansion of RadioLinx® Line
Internal Use Only 57

58 Cellular Modems (Forget Line of Sight!)
Same technology and service providers as your cell phone No line of sight issues or need for antenna towers Flexible and mobile Internal Use Only

59 Airlink Cellular Application Examples
Internal Use Only

60 OPC: OLE for Process Control
OPC is Software Based on Microsoft technologies OLE COM/DCOM Uses a Client/Server model Based on an open standard Driven by: SCADA/HMI software vendors Hardware vendors Eliminated custom driver libraries Different components DA: Data Access HDA: Historical Data Access A&E: Alarms and Events UA: Unified Architecture Internal Use Only

61 Things You Can Do with OPC
Connect hardware to a SCADA/HMI package Wonderware, Iconics, RSView, Proficy, Citect… Connect hardware to plant information systems OSI PI, Aspentech, Exaquantum Get 3rd party devices into a DCS Put real-time data into an SQL database Move data between two devices that do not talk Create a driver for a one off device Monitor SNMP network data in your HMI package Internal Use Only

62 Yokogawa OPC Products KepServerEX LinkMaster U-Con Redundancy Master
SQL DataLogger ClientAce iSNMP Suite Internal Use Only

63 Application Software Demonstrations
DAQWorx data logger YSuite Scada/HMI Printwave (automatic trend/data printing) Reportwave (automatic custom reports) OPC to SQL database Labview with MW100 Internal Use Only


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