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The Italian Renaissance HWH UNIT I CHAPTER 1.1. How does this painting define the Renaissance?

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance HWH UNIT I CHAPTER 1.1. How does this painting define the Renaissance?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance HWH UNIT I CHAPTER 1.1

2 How does this painting define the Renaissance?

3 Humanism Intellectual movement Modeled after Greek and Roman culture Humanities: rhetoric, grammar, poetry, history

4 Petrarch ( ) The “Father of Humanism”

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6 Classical Antiquity Revival of Greek and Roman ideas and values (art and architecture too) Homer, Virgil, Cicero

7 Secularism Non-religious or “worldly” (as opposed to the Middle Ages)

8 Individualism Focus on the individual as something worthy of glorification

9 Why Italy? Rome Papacy Trade Middle Class City-States

10 City-States in the Renaissance Ruled by a wealthy family – Usually merchants or bankers – Generally despotic – Patronized the arts – Glorified their city-state

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12 Florence: the Heart of the Italian Renaissance

13 The Medici

14 Cosimo ( ) Civic Humanism – Patronage – 600% of city ’ s budget

15 Lorenzo the Magnificent ( )

16 Savonarola ( ) “ Bonfires of the Vanities ” Expelled the Medici, 1494 Executed, 1498 Portrait of Savonarola by Fra Bartolomeo (1498), Museo di San Marco, Florence

17 Renaissance Art and Architecture

18 Madonna Enthroned by Cimabue (1285) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

19 Maesta by Duccio ( ) Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

20 Madonna Enthroned with the Child by Cimabue (1286) Musée du Louvre, Paris

21 The Duke of Urbino by Francesca (1472) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

22 The Duchess of Urbino by Francesca (1472) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

23 The Birth of Venus by Botticelli (1485) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

24 Primavera by Botticelli (1485) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

25 The Adoration of the Magi by Botticelli (1475) Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

26 The Procession of the Magi by Gozzoli (1459) Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence

27 Cosimo

28 Lorenzo

29 The School of Athens by Raphael (1508) Vatican Museum, Rome

30 The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo (1508)

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34 The Creation of Adam

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37 The Fall of Man

38 The Last Judgment

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42 Leonardo ’ s Notebooks

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48 Madonna of the Rocks by Da Vinci ( ) Musée du Louvre, Paris

49 The Last Supper by Da Vinci (1498) Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan

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52 The Baptistery in Florence

53 The Doors of the Baptistery by Ghiberti

54 The Sacrifice of Isaac by Brunelleschi ( ) Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

55 The Sacrifice of Isaac by Ghiberti ( ) Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

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60 Brunelleschi ’ s Dome on the Florence Cathedral (1410)

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62 David by Donatello (1430) Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

63 David by Michelangelo (1501) Galleria dell ’ Accademia, Florence

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67 Pieta by Michelangelo (1498) St. Peter ’ s Basilica, The Vatican

68 St. Peter ’ s Cathedral, The Vatican

69 Italian Humanists

70 Baldasarre Castiglione ( ) The Book of the Courtier, 1518

71 Niccolo Machiavelli

72 The Prince (1513)


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