Background Birth: May 29, 1978 in Brookline, Massachusetts Died: November 22, 1963 (age 46) Arlington Spouse: Jacqueline Bouvier Served: 1961-1963, when he was assassinated Speech was given on September 12, 1962 in Rice Stadium
SOAPSTone Analysis Subject: The subject of the speech is announcing the United State’s goal to go to the moon. “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade”
SOAPSTone Analysis Occasion: The U.S. is in the Space Race, and is in the heat of making new advances in science and technology. “To be sure, we are behind, and will be behind for some time in manned flight. But we do not intend to stay behind, and in this decade, we shall make up and move ahead.”
SOAPSTone Analysis Audience: The audience are the students at Rice University, and U.S. citizens. “We meet at a college noted for knowledge, in a city noted for progress, in a State noted for strength”
SOAPSTone Analysis Purpose: The purpose of the speech is to inspire and prepare Americans for the feat of putting a man on the moon. “We set sail on this new sea because there is new knowledge to be gained, and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for the progress of all people.”
SOAPSTone Analysis Speaker: The speaker is John F. Kennedy, a.k.a. JFK. He was the 35 th president of the U.S. He presented the idea of putting a man on the moon, and it happened!
SOAPSTone Analysis Tone: The tone in the speech is inspirational, convincing, powerful, and exciting. “I am delighted to be here, and I'm particularly delighted to be here on this occasion.”
ANALYSIS “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.” This line, the flagship quote from the speech, shows how we as Americans were willing to take on this incredible challenge. It also shows the space program’s ambitions for the future.
ANALYSIS Pt. 2 “And finally, the space effort itself, while still in its infancy, has already created a great number of new companies, and tens of thousands of new jobs. Space and related industries are generating new demands in investment and skilled personnel, and this city and this State, and this region, will share greatly in this growth.” This quote from the speech explains how the space program will be economically beneficial toward our economy.
Major Premise “The growth of our science and education will be enriched by new knowledge of our universe and environment, by new techniques of learning and mapping and observation, by new tools and computers for industry, medicine, the home as well as the school. Technical institutions, such as Rice, will reap the harvest of these gains.” What Kennedy is saying here is how he believes this mission will greatly benefit this country, and help make new advances in different industries.
Ethos “In the last 24 hours we have seen facilities now being created for the greatest and most complex exploration in man's history. We have felt the ground shake and the air shattered by the testing of a Saturn C-1 booster rocket, many times as powerful as the Atlas which launched John Glenn, generating power equivalent to 10,000 automobiles with their accelerators on the floor.” The facts JFK used in this quote make the whole speech seem more credible. It creates a feeling that our nation has its hands on powerful devices.
Pathos “To be sure, we are behind, and will be behind for some time in manned flight. But we do not intend to stay behind, and in this decade, we shall make up and move ahead.” This section of the speech created an emotion in the audience. JFK was trying to convince the audience to want to move forward into a new frontier.
Logos “We set sail on this new sea because there is new knowledge to be gained, and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for the progress of all people.” JFK makes this sound like a common sense choice, and that our country should take the path towards technological advancements.
Repetition “There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its hazards are hostile to us all.” This section of the speech emphasizes that space is an upcoming challenge to all of the nations, not just the U.S.
Powerful Lines But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented, capable of standing heat and stresses several times more than have ever been experienced, fitted together with a precision better than the finest watch, carrying all the equipment needed for propulsion, guidance, control, communications, food and survival, on an untried mission, to an unknown celestial body, and then return it safely to earth, re-entering the atmosphere at speeds of over 25,000 miles per hour, causing heat about half that of the temperature of the sun--almost as hot as it is here today--and do all this, and do it right, and do it first before this decade is out--then we must be bold. In my opinion this is the most powerful line in the speech. It is very descriptive and lists many challenges that we would have to overcome to reach the goal.