5IsolationismMany Neutrality laws will be passed by the US during the 1930’s to keep us out of WW 2 by avoiding the same situations that got us into WW 1. Many countries and people tired of economic depression were looking for answers to their problems so they turned to those they thought had the answers. They created Totalitarian States. Giving in to Germanys demands in order to keep the peace (APPEASEMENT) had it’s supporters in the US.
6Germany ignores, manipulates and renegotiates the Treaty of Versailles in order to increase their military sizeMailPlanesHitlerYouthRenegotiate the Limits
7Negotiating with the Devil. Munich Conference Sept 1938 English Prime MinisterChamberlain negotiatesWith Hitler. He proclaimsPeace in our time.“APPEASEMENT”
13England and France Declare War on Germany Sept 3, 1939 England and France Declare War on Germany Sept 3, We are Isolationist
14Germany attacks France. France Beaten in less than 2 months Germany attacks France. France Beaten in less than 2 months. No trench warfare this time!BLITZKRIEG
15June 22, 1940 Germans control France (Surrender is done in the Same Railroad Car that ended WW 1) Arc De Triumphant built byFrance to honor their WW 1dead soldiers.
16338,000 English / French troops evacuated from Dunkirk France to England May/ June 1940 English citizens take their ownprivate boats across the 20 milewide channel to help evacuatethe soldiers back to England.
17Hitler now controls all of Europe And Creates his Iron wall
18Japan signs the Tripartite pact with Germany and Italy in September 1940 (if any one of thethree is attacked the other two will protect them).
19Churchill: Never in the course of human events has so much, been owed to so few, by so many!
20Spitfire attacking Heinkle 111 Radar, Hurricanes and Spitfires saved England During the “Battle of Britain” From Oct 1940 to Sept. 1941Spitfire attacking Heinkle 111
21Germany Attacks Russia June 1941 (How did that work for Napoleon?) Hitler ignores his non-aggression treaty with Russia
22Germany’s attack against Russia: Operation Barbarossa June through December All goes well until…………………Red arrows indicate advancing German forces
23Old Man Winter Sets in. Stalingrad marks the end of Hitler’s advance in Russia. Can you say Napoleon?Frozen DeadGerman BodiesOutside Stalingrad.Germany must nowRetreat back toGermany
24Arsenal of DemocracyWith all that is going on in Europe we are still staying out of it During the 30’s Congress passes a series of laws that allow us to supply weapons to Democratic Countries who are fighting against Hitler. It keeps us out of the war and we are known as the Arsenal of Democracy. Cash and Carry and Destroyers for Bases are two examples. Both of these needed payment. However with the Lend/Lease program we supplied the weapons on credit. More and more our women were entering the factories to do a mans job “We can do it” Rosie the Riveter Propaganda
25Pearl Harbor Hawaii “Dec 7, 1941. A date that will live in infamy” Nice place to beWhen you are 18,Single and in theMilitary until 8AMSunday morning Dec 7, 1941
26Japan had not even declared war against us before they attacked! 2403 people killed in the attack. There were 1200 killed whenThe Battleship Arizona exploded. They are still there today!
27How did we feel about Japanese? Can you say Racial prejudice Buying bonds will help pay for the war effort. Rationing will make more supplies available to our military.
28I see barb wire and gun towers What are These?I see barb wire and gun towers
29Is that men with guns lining up women and children at train stations? Here is a Hint!Is that men with guns lining up women and children at train stations?
30The ones on the left were German Concentration Camps The ones on the left were German Concentration Camps. These are examples.Auschwitz and Buchenwald
31We did not do this to German Americans or Italian Americans, only the Japanese Americans Korematsu VS US said due to National EmergencyYour Civil Rights can be cancelled. Can you say Discrimination”?
32What happened to Leaders at end of war Killed by mobSuicideAttempted Hari Kari , Tried onWar Crimes convicted and executedChurchill votedout of office. Stalinand Hirohito arestill in charge oftheir countries.
331 Nuremberg War Crimes Trials They will hold both military and Government officials accountable for War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity. At the end of WW 2 there are two world Super Powers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Manhattan project (Atomic Bomb) is a success. Trying to intimidate Stalin we tell him about it at the Pottsdam Conference, but he all ready knew because of his spies. Truman decides to drop the atomic bomb on Japan saying it will save US soldiers’ lives since we will not have to invade Japan. However, it also sends a loud message to Russia; “Look what we got and don’t mess with us” On the home front African Americans have just fought a war involving racial prejudices and being segregated in the military which will lead to an increase efforts to eliminate it after WW 2
34Germany after WW 2Carved into 4 parts like a turkey.Notice where Berlin is located.
35Berlin after ww 2The city is also divided into 4 parts but it is located in theRussian Territory. Welcome to the start of the COLD WAR.