3U.S. Imperialism - 1890s the US has emerged from the civil war - late to industrial revolution but exploding with factories, industrial growth, cheap labor (massive immigration to the US in the late 1880s)- like other European powers, looking for markets to sell their goods to- like other European powers, looking for prestige and to secure place in the global trade
4We enter into the Spanish American War of 1898 U.S. ImperialismWe enter into the Spanish American War of 1898
5Spain owns Cuba and the Philippines U.S. ImperialismSpain owns Cuba and the PhilippinesNo European country owns Hawaii (except for those pesky Hawaiians) and American pineapple producers (like Mr. Dole- Dole as in bananas....) have lots of money invested there. We take over Hawaii.(it makes a nice refueling point across the Pacific)
6U.S. Imperialism -Cuba is a Spanish colony - the locals, under poet Jose Martz, cry for independence and freedom- that sounds good to the US - after all we fought a revolution for the same thing- also, 90% of the sugar output from Cuba comes from Americans who own plantations there- the US calls for Cuba’s freedom
7U.S. Imperialism -USS Maine- an American ship in harbor of Cuba - mysteriously sinks (later it is determined it was a coal explosion in the ship’s hold)- US blames Spanish terrorists in Cuba and uses as excuse to declare war on Spanish colonies (Cuba, Philippines)Remember the Maine!
8U.S. Imperialism-We declare war on Spain but the first battle occurs in Spanish colony of the Philippines (we happened to be in the neighborhood at the time)- We take the main city of Manilla within hours, no injuries. We’ve freed the Filipinos-except not: it is a good refueling place for trade with the east (China, Japan)- We end up fighting the Filipinos ourselves and occupying the islands until 1946.- They aren’t completely independent until 1946 (after they served their use for us in WWII)
10U.S. ImperialismBy 1900 the “splendid little war” of the Spanish-American War of 1898 is over.Americans own:* Cuba (it is a protectorate)* Philippines (it is a colony)* Hawaii (it is a protectorate)* Panama Canal land (makes a handy shortcut from the US east coast to the Pacific - no need to go around South America anymore)* Samoa (colony)