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Global Involvements and World War I, 1902-1920 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Involvements and World War I, 1902-1920 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Involvements and World War I, AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011

2 Focus Questions What goals underlay Americas early-twentieth-century involvements in Asia and Latin America? Considering both immediate and long-term factors, why did the United States go to war in 1917? How did Washington mobilize the nation for war, and what role did U.S. troops play in the war? What was the wars economic, political, and social impact on the American home front? How did the League of Nations begin, and why did the Senate reject U.S. membership in the League?

3 Defining Americas World Role,

4 The Open Door: Competing for the China Market John Hays Open Door Note China should be open to all countries Troops sent to put down Boxer Rebellion

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6 The Panama Canal: Hardball Diplomacy Need to move ships from Atlantic to Pacific during Spanish-American War French fail Roosevelt assists Panamanian rebels Panama Canal built U.S. Canal Zone established

7 p. 665

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10 Roosevelt and Taft Assert U.S. Power in Latin America and Asia The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine U.S. right to intervene in Western Hemisphere speak softly and carry a big stick Roosevelt earns Nobel Peace Prize Russo-Japanese war Taft and dollar diplomacy

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13 Wilson and Latin America Promised to not seek additional territory Intervened in Haiti, Dominican Republic Tried to control events in Mexico Intervened in Mexican internal conflict Sent troops under John J. Pershing to go after Pancho Villa

14 Map 22-1, p. 667

15 p. 668

16 War in Europe,

17 The Coming of War Secret alliances Rise of German Empire Competition for colonies, military power Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated June 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia War Allies-Great Britain, Russia, France Central Powers-Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire

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19 The Perils of Neutrality Wilson vows to stay neutral American generally agree He kept us out of war Germans sink Lusitania Limits agreed for submarine warfare

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22 p. 670

23 The United States Enters the War Unrestricted submarine warfare reinstated Zimmerman telegram Declaration of war April 2, 1917 U.S. joins Allies

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25 Mobilizing at Home, Fighting in France,

26 Raising, Training, and Testing an Army Selective Service Act Commission on Training and Camp Activities Turned civilians into soldiers

27 p. 672

28 Organizing the Economy for War War Industries Board Bernard Baruch Fuel Administration Food Administration Herbert Hoover Meatless Monday Wheatless Wednesday

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30 22CO, p. 662

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33 With the American Expeditionary Force in France European armies in disarray Stuck in trench warfare Russia under Bolsheviks quits John J. Pershing leads AEF 2 million Americans serve in France and Belgium Second Battle of the Marne Meuse-Argonne offensive Aircraft play important role

34 p. 681

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36 p. 678

37 p. 675

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40 Turning the Tide Americans help Allies win war Meuse-Argonne offensive ends war Armistice signed November 11, 1918

41 Map 22-2, p. 677

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43 High Casualty Rates British Empire1,000,000 France1,700,000 Germany2,000,000 Austro-Hungarian1,500,000 Russia1,700,000 Italy 460,000 United States 112,000

44 Promoting the War and Suppressing Dissent

45 Advertising the War Liberty Loans Fight of Buy Bonds Committee on Public Information Georg Creel Propaganda Emphasizes German atrocities Warns of spies and saboteurs Becomes progressive war

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47 Wartime Intolerance and Dissent Anti-German sentiment grows Ban on German language liberty cabbage Socialists oppose war Attacks against radical dissenters Religious (conscientious) objectors Organized labor, womens groups, blacks split in support

48 "No person, individually or as a teacher, shall, in any private, denominational, parochial or public school teach any subject to any person in any language other than the English language." – Nebraska state law (1919) "If these people are Americans, let them speak our language. If they don't know it, let them learn it. If they don't like it, let them move...." –Nebraska state legislator "No person, individually or as a teacher, shall, in any private, denominational, parochial or public school teach any subject to any person in any language other than the English language." – Nebraska state law (1919) "If these people are Americans, let them speak our language. If they don't know it, let them learn it. If they don't like it, let them move...." –Nebraska state legislator "No person, individually or as a teacher, shall, in any private, denominational, parochial or public school teach any subject to any person in any language other than the English language." – Nebraska state law (1919) "If these people are Americans, let them speak our language. If they don't know it, let them learn it. If they don't like it, let them move...." –Nebraska state legislator

49 p. 679

50 p. 682

51 Suppressing Dissent Espionage Act Sedition Amendment Socialist magazines banned in mail Schenk v. United States clear and present danger doctrine American Protective League organized Councils of Defense Boy Spies of America

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53 Economic and Social Trends in Wartime America

54 Boom Times in Industry and Agriculture Prices and wages rise Industry grows Farmers profit Bust after war

55 Blacks Migrate Northward Move from South to jobs in Northern cities Racial tensions and violence

56 p. 684

57 Women in Wartime Nineteenth Amendment million women work in industry

58 Public-Health Crisis: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic million die worldwide 550,000 in US, six times battle deaths

59 p. 687

60 Fig. 22-1, p. 686

61 The War and Progressivism Eighteenth Amendment-1919 Campaign against vice War Labor Board Many ideas copied in FDRs New Deal

62 Joyous Armistice, Bitter Aftermath,

63 Wilsons Fourteen Points: The Armistice Wilsons plan for post-war world war to end all wars general association of nations Self-determination for people of Austro- Hungarian and Ottoman Empires

64 Liberalism is the only thing that can save civilization form chaos from a flood of ultra-radicalism that will swamp the world… Liberalism must be more liberal than ever before, it must even be radical, if civilization is to escape the typhoon. --Woodrow Wilson

65 The Versailles Peace Conference, 1919 French and British determined to punish Germany Reparations demanded Some self-determination Poland, Baltic States New nations-Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia Mandate in Palestine (Israel) Balfour Declaration

66 p. 690

67 The Fight over the League of Nations Wilson gives up most of 14 points to get League in Treaty of Versailles Opposition in U.S. Henry Cabot Lodge Wilson wont compromise Gets sick in Pueblo, then has stroke Reservationists and irreconcilables block treaty in Senate

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69 p. 691

70 Racism and Red Scare, Anti-radical sentiment Palmer Raids target radicals AG A. Mitchell Palmer 4000 arrested, 550 deported

71 p. 692

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74 The Election of 1920 Democrats nominate James Cox Republicans nominate Warren Harding Return to normalcy Harding wins easily

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76 Table 22-1, p. 692

77 p. 693

78 Global Involvements and World War I, AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011


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