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Heroes among Us Mini Lessons.

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Presentation on theme: "Heroes among Us Mini Lessons."— Presentation transcript:

1 Heroes among Us Mini Lessons

2 “The Dinner Party” naturalist – one who studies living things by observing them directly arresting – striking, getting attention rafter – a wooden beam that supports a roof spirited – lively, vigorous sober – serious, solemn verandah – a long covered porch along the side of a building

3 “A Running Brook of Horror” vocabulary
dexterity-skill or grace in using the hands impunity-freedom from injury or punishment invulnerable-impossible to hurt provocation-something that irritates or stirs to action reverently-in a way that shows awe and respect

4 “The Tigers and the Sharks” vocabulary
fray – to separate the threads at the edge of cloth or thread yoke rudders - steering controls of a plane staccato – a series of short rapid sounds implacably – not possible to please, satisfy or change optimum – the best or most favorable amount jettison – to throw cargo overboard to lighten the load in distress fuselage – the central, tube-shaped portion of a plane lurched – a sudden swaying or rolling motion sporadic – not frequent, occasional

5 Mini Lesson #___ “The Tigers and the Sharks,” by Edward Stafford Peary
GQ: What literary devices does Peary use to enrich his writing?

6 Foreshadowing *early clues to future events in the plot
“ No flight across an ocean is ever really routine ”

7 Metaphors Comparisons without using “like” or “as”
“…man’s incredible conquest of time and distance still hangs on the twin threads of mechanical reliability and human skill one of the threads began to fray . . .“

8 Similes Comparisons using “like” or “as”
“…like a slowly moving star ...“ “ …like the clang of an alarm bell in the mind of Gin and Machado …” “…like riding the back of a dying whale…”

9 Personification Giving human qualities to non-human figures
“…number three engine coughed…” “…the dark face of the sea…” “…the long electronic fingers of radar groped for them through the darkness…” “the breathy whisper of the sea breeze…"

10 “Up the Slide,” vocabulary
defied – challenged exhausted – to tire completely thoroughly – completely manifestly – clearly descent – the act of climbing down “ere” – shortened form of “before” precipitate – hasty, too fast exertion – energetic activity, effort maneuver – series of planned steps ascent – the act of climbing or rising

11 “Up the Slide,” continued
He felt completely ready for the climb. His upward journey began at dawn. Trembling from effort, he collapsed. By noon, he felt surprisingly tired. The downward journey was even more difficult. Eventually, he devised a new strategy that he called “controlled sliding.” The strategy was clearly successful as he arrived back feeling alert and not at all tired.

12 GQ: What literary devices does London use to enrich his writing?
Mini Lesson #___ “Up the Slide,” By: Jack London GQ: What literary devices does London use to enrich his writing?

13 Allusion a historical or literary reference made to characters, settings, events, etc. not mentioned otherwise in the text. “ It was a herculean task, but it was the only way out of the predicament. . . ” [The mythological Greek figure Hercules was known for his great strength and for performing a series of 12 challenging tasks. A herculean task extraordinarily difficult]

14 Mini Lesson #__ “Thank You, M’am” By: Langston Hughes
GQ: What literacy devices does Hughes use to enrich his writing?

15 Exaggeration Stretching the truth for emphasis
“…a large woman with a large purse that had everything in it but hammer and nails…” Shows her inner strength, independence, and self-reliance

16 irony The opposite of what is expected actually happens
The purse snatcher is dragged home by his intended victim

17 theme The underlying message or insight about life that the passage communicates Caring people—even strangers—can help teach children how to act.

18 “Raymond’s Run” vocabulary
clutch – to grasp tightly periscope – a tube shaped viewing device such as is used on a submarine prodigy – a person with an exceptional talent sidekick – a close friend relay – a race in which teammates take turns to complete the race “big head” – an insensitive reference to “hydrocephalus,” an enlarged skull “Mercury” – a reference to the Roman messenger god “Chopin’s waltzes” – musical pieces composed by 19th century pianist, Frederic Chopin (pronounced show-pan) glockenspiel – musical instrument made of bars and played with light hammers

19 “Raymond’s Run,” continued
Squeaky thinks one of her classmates is a ____ because the girl is so talented. The quarter-mile ___ is the next race for Squeaky and her partner. Cynthia was nervously ___ her blouse. Mary Louise always tags along with Gretchen as her ___. Mr. Pearson was so tall he did not need a ___ to look above the crowd.

20 Mini Lesson #___ “Raymond’s Run” by Toni Cade Bambara
GQ: What literary devices does Bambara use to enrich her writing?

21 Exaggeration Deliberate overstatement
“…I’m the fastest thing on 2 feet…” “…There is no track meet that I don’t win…” “I’m the swiftest thing in the neighborhood…”

22 Allusion A reference to a character from history or literature for comparison purposes “Mercury” – the Roman messenger god speed “Beanstalk” – the fairy tale element height

23 Similes Comparisons using “like” or “as” “like it was a narrow escape”
“like a rodeo pony” “like a dog” “like a periscope in a submarine movie”

24 Sarcasm A character says the exact opposite of their true feelings
“…a real prodigy…”

25 “Antaeus,” vocabulary sedan – an enclosed vehicle with a permanent top
parapet – a low wall around a roof’s edge robust – strong, vigorous, healthy resolute – determined stolid – having or expressing little or no feeling domain – territory contemplate – to consider with careful, thoughtful attention awe – with great respect shrewd- clever laborious – requiring great effort inert – unable or slow to move, act or react desecrated – to show great disrespect esoteric – hard to understand wavered – to go back and forth between choices frenzied – wildly excited or upset cascaded – to spill over in a waterfall fashion

26 Mini Lesson #___ “Antaeus,” by Borden Deal
GQ: What literary devices does Deal use to enrich his writing?

27 Allusion A figure of speech or an expression that makes a casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event My mother has the patience of Job. He made a Herculean effort for the ball. Harriet Tubman was known as the Moses of her people. Antaeus: a giant in Greek mythology who became stronger each time he touched the Earth

28 Theme The life-lesson demonstrated by the text
Stated directly: “…The task of destruction is infinitely easier than that of creation…”

29 The Gift of the Magi,” vocabulary
predominating – taking the most importance subsiding – to become quiet or settled vestibule – entranceway coax- to persuade gently prosperity – a time of wealth ransacking – searching thoroughly fob- a chain used to hold a pocket watch chaste – pure prudence – good judgment discreet –showing good judgment scrutiny – a close inspection coveted – to wish for greatly ardent - passionate

30 Mini Lesson #___ “The Gift of the Magi,” by: O. Henry
GQ: What literary device does Henry use to enrich his writing?

31 Allusion A reference to a character from history or literature for comparison purposes “the magi”  The Bible: the three wise men who brought precious gifts to the baby Jesus

32 Irony The outcome is exactly the opposite of what’s expected
Della and Jim sacrifice their most cherished possessions for each other and in doing so “spoil” each other’s surprise gift {Jim sells his watch so he can’t use the watch chain and Della sells her long hair so she can’t use the hair combs.}

33 “A Christmas Day in the Morning,” vocabulary
infinite – endless brisk – quick in manner loitering – lingering without purpose placidly – calmly, peacefully acquiescent – agreeing without protest Antonyms: brisk: clever, curt, slow infinite: endless, limited, tiny loitering: littering, dawdling, moving acquiescent: watery, dull, argumentative placidly: turbulently, nicely, meanly

34 Mini Lesson #___ “A Christmas Day in the Morning,” by: Pearl S. Buck
GQ: What literary device does Buck use to enrich her writing?

35 Flashback A scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past Allows a writer to present 2 different time frames simultaneously Enables readers to compare and contrast the present and past [Robert, who is now a grandfather, recalls an experience as a 15 year old that has given special meaning to Christmas since then.]


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