We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byArianna Doyle
Modified over 3 years ago
Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Section 5
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 2, Section 5 Objectives 1.Identify the opposing sides in the fight for ratification and describe the major arguments for and against the proposed Constitution. 2.Describe the inauguration of the new government of the United States of America.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 3 Chapter 2, Section 5 Key Terms Federalist: a person favoring ratification of the proposed U.S. Constitution Anti-Federalist: a person opposing ratification of the proposed U.S. Constitution
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 4 Chapter 2, Section 5 Introduction What issues aroused the vigorous debate over the ratification of the Constitution? –The key issues debated included: How strong should the new central government be to avoid the problems faced under the Articles of Confederation? Why didnt the Constitution have a Bill of Rights, and was one really necessary? Did Congress and the presidency have too much power?
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 5 Chapter 2, Section 5 A New Government The Articles of Confederation could only be amended by a unanimous vote of all 13 states. But the delegates at the Constitutional Convention decided to require only 9 of 13 states to ratify the Constitution. –They felt that a unanimous vote would be too difficult to achieve, and that the Articles were being replaced rather than amended. Copies of the new Constitution were sent to the states on September 18, 1787.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 6 Chapter 2, Section 5 Federalists Supporters of ratification were called Federalists. –They argued that the Articles of Confederation were weak and needed to be replaced. –Alexander Hamilton was a leader among the Federalists Alexander Hamilton
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 7 Chapter 2, Section 5 Anti-Federalists Opponents of ratification were called Anti- Federalists. –They opposed the new ratification process. –They thought the new central government would be too strong. –Most of all, they argued that the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights to protect the people.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 8 Chapter 2, Section 5 Bill of Rights Checkpoint: Why did the Framers not include a bill of rights in the original Constitution? –At first, Federalists said a Bill of Rights was not needed because: The state constitutions already protected individual rights and freedoms. The separation of powers among the three branches would keep the new national government from abusing its authority. –But Anti-Federalists opposition was so strong that Federalists eventually promised to add a Bill of Rights once the Constitution was ratified.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 9 Chapter 2, Section 5 Federalist Writings The Federalist Papers influenced many Americans to support the Constitution –These were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, all using the pen name, Publius. –They consisted of 85 political essays, written between 1787 and 1788, and were soon published across the nation. –These essays are still read widely today for their insights into the Constitution, the federal government, and the nature of representative democracy.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 10 Chapter 2, Section 5 Anti-Federalist Writings Anti-Federalists also wrote many essays, pamphlets, and letters –The essays by Brutus were most likely written by Robert Yates. They were first published in New York. –Richard Henry Lee of Virginia wrote a number of pamphlets and letters using the name The Federal Farmer. Around the country, debate over ratification was fed by these various written works expressing strong views on both sides.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 11 Chapter 2, Section 5 Ratification Debate Ratification was swift in some states and bitterly contested in others. Approval of the Constitution required ratification by nine states. On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth ratifying state.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 12 Chapter 2, Section 5 Trouble with Ratification Even though 9 states had ratified the Constitution, without the support of the key states of New York and Virginia, the Constitution would fail. –In Virginia, James Madison, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson supported the Federalists against Anti-Federalists led by Patrick Henry, James Monroe, and George Mason. –New York was deadlocked until Alexander Hamilton helped turn the tide for the Federalists.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 13 Chapter 2, Section 5 Success When Virginia and New York ratified the Constitution by narrow votes, success was finally ensured. Eventually all 13 states ratified the Constitution.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 14 Chapter 2, Section 5 Inauguration The Confederation Congress chose New York City as the temporary capital of the United States. The new U.S. Congress first met on March 4, 1789, at Federal Hall in New York City.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 15 Chapter 2, Section 5 Inauguration, cont. George Washington was chosen as the first President by a unanimous vote of electors. He took office on April 30 th. John Adams was vice president.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 16 Chapter 2, Section 5 Review Now that you have learned about the issues that arose the vigorous debate over the ratification of the Constitution, go back and answer the Chapter Essential Question. –How does the Constitution reflect the times in which it was written?
Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Section 5: Ratifying the Constitution American Government.
STANDARD(S): 12.1 Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT 1.Identify the.
Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Section 4.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 2- Section 5 Origins of American Government.
Define the following vocabulary words in your warm up section by using your textbook (NOT CELLPHONE). Federalist Papers – Federalists - Antifederalists.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1 Chapter 2, Section 3 Articles of Confederation The Second Continental Congress had to create an official national.
Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist Ratification of the Constitution.
Chapter 2.5 chapter 2.5 Kendall Brady Jake Jernigan Dylan Petersen Jake Austen Daniela Jimenez.
Ratifying the Constitution Chapter 2 Section 5. The Fight for Ratification “The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for.
Creating a New Government Chapter 5, Section 3. Revision of the Articles Instead of revising the Articles of Confederation like planned… The delegates.
Ratifying the Constitution 2.5 The final Constitution is as “near perfect as possible.” – Benjamin Franklin.
Ratification - In September of 1787 the Confederation Congress accepted the Constitution and sent it to the states for ratification. - Each state was.
Forming a Government Ratifying the Constitution CHAPTER 5, SECTION 4 PAGES
Ratifying the Constitution and the Bill of Rights Chapter 5 Section 3&4.
Ratifying the Constitution Who were the Federalists and the Anti- Federalists? How long did the ratification of the Constitution take? What happened after.
Chapter 7 Section 3 Debating the Constitution Objectives Compare the positions of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Discuss the debate over ratification.
Ratifying the Constitution US History Chapter 8, Section 3.
Federalists vs. Anti- Federalists Thomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalist Federalist.
FEDERALISTS VS. ANTI-FEDERALISTS Ratification. A Showdown Awaits For ratification, nine state conventions needed to approve the document After the convention,
Both Sides: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists CICERO History Beyond The Textbook CICERO © 2007.
Ratification of the Constitution. A.) The Constitution was publicized in newspapers & pamphlets for all American’s to read A.) The Constitution was publicized.
Chapter 3, Section 3 Debating the Constitution p The states approve the Constitution, but many of the states insist that it include a bill of rights.
The American Nation Chapter 7-Section 4 Ratification and the Bill of Rights Creating a Republic 1776–1790 Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.,
Federalists, Anti- Federalists, and Papers. A New Government Articles of Confederation are simply not working The new constitution would address some.
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Ratification and The Bill of Rights.
7.3 Notes Debating the Constitution Federalists favored ratification. Anti-Federalists were against ratification.
Arguments for and Against the Constitution RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION.
Federalist and Anti- Federalist. Anti-Federalist 1. They were against the Constitution 2. Their arguments: To protect the people against a strong central.
Federalist vs. Anti- Federalist The Never Ending Debate.
September 24, 2013 Objective: Students will be able to identify the opposing sides in the fight for ratification and describe the major arguments for and.
Ratification of the Constitution. Federalists and Anti-Federalists Anti-federalists- people who opposed the Constitution Some thought Constitution gave.
FEDERALIST & ANTI-FEDERALIST AND THE BILL OF RIGHTS Ratifying the Constitution.
Focus Question How did Americans ratify the Constitution, and what are the basic principles? In each state, approved the Constitution Needed 9 of 13 to.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War BeginsRatifying the Constitution Section 3 Summarize the arguments for and against ratification of the Constitution.
Chapter 5, Section 4 Ratifying the Constitution. Federalists and Antifederalists FederalistsAntifederalists Favored a strong central government Favored.
Who were the supporters and critics of the Constitution? We the People - Lesson Seventeen.
Road Map to Success #4 Ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights Federalists, Antifederalists, and the Bill of Rights.
Ratifying the Constitution States Constitutional Conventions would vote on ratification for each state. Ratification or ratify means to accept. Voters.
Lesson 2.5 RATIFYING THE CONSTITUTION. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Ratifying the Constitution Who were the Federalists and the Anti- Federalists? How long did.
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists And the Federalist Papers.
The supporters of the Constitution published arguments in newspapers supporting the ratification.
Federalist vs. Anti- Federalist Debate. Constitutional Convention Constitution completed in September 1787 After realizing the failure of a unanimous.
The Constitution of the United States We the People of the United States.
Chapter 2 Section 5 Ratifying the Constitution Pages
What is Compromise? Is compromise necessary? When have you compromised? Why did you compromise?
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists Dont forget about those Federalist Papers, too!! Standard Describe the political philosophy underpinning the.
11/2/15 Ratification #34 Warm up- What do you think was the most important reason for establishing a strong central government under the new constitution?
1.In 1787, citizens from every state began to debate the Constitution closely. They had to decide whether or not to ratify a new form of government in.
The Ratification Process. The End of the Convention On September 17, 1787, after four months of heated debate and hard won compromises, 38 of the remaining.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.