Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer Describe a developed country. Use GNPP, % Literacy, % Pop. Annual Rise, % urban and Life Expectancy. Countries that join the ____________________."— Presentation transcript:
1Bell RingerDescribe a developed country. Use GNPP, % Literacy, % Pop. Annual Rise, % urban and Life Expectancy.Countries that join the ____________________ use the “Euro” (European Monetary System).How can free market economies (capitalism) lead to greater political freedom?
2Bell RingerComplete “Independence Sweeps the World” using the Atlas text book
3Independence Movements in India, Africa & the Middle East The Modern WorldIndependence Movements in India, Africa & the Middle East
4Today in class… We will… You will be able to… Social Studies Language Identify the independence movements that took place in Asia, the Middle East and Africa following WWII.You will be able to…Social StudiesLanguageDefine: ApartheidDescribe the independence movements in India and Africa and their leaders.Describe what happened to the mandate of Palestine and the creation of the state of Israel.Locate the world religions in the 20th Century and review their key beliefs and founders.Next Time/Soon: World Religions Packet due
6Indian ColonizationBritish East India Company developed trade with Mughal IndiaSepoy Rebellion leads to colonization in 1857
7India Before WWIIIndian National Congress forms to fight for independenceGandhi used non-violent civil disobedience and passive resistance to fight against British rule
8Partition of India India gained independence from Britain in 1947 Country was split along the Hindu-Muslim lines.Law stated that people could only have ONE month to decide which country they wanted to live in and to move there.As millions of people began to move, violence broke out.
9New Nations Form British India became nations of: Republic of India World’s largest democratic nationFederal system gives many powers to the statePakistan (was called West Pakistan )Bangladesh (was called East Pakistan )Sri Lanka (was called Ceylon)Which ethnic/religious group lives in Pakistan and Bangladesh? Which lives in India?
10In Your Notes … Label India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka Label Pakistan & Bangladesh with their names from the 1947Label India, Pakistan, Bangladesh with the appropriate religion/ethnic group
11Jawaharlal Nehru First Prime Minister of India Friend of Gandhi Supported western style industrializationWanted to end caste discriminationEthnic & religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation.New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation.
12Indira Gandhi Daughter of Nehru VIP ChartIndira GandhiDaughter of NehruPrime Minister of India in the 1960’s & 70’sWorked for a close relationship with the Soviet UnionDeveloped nuclear program
14Vocabulary Apartheid European Union IMF Multinational Corporation WTO NAFTARefugeeGuest WorkerTerrorism
15ApartheidComplete separation of blacks and whites in South Africa
16Africa after World War II In 1945, at the end of World War II, most of Africa remained under European rule.During the years after 1945 many African countries were gaining freedom.The UN Charter said that Africa has the right to “self-determination”
17Self-determination – a nation’s right to rule itself without outside interference
18African Nationalism & Revolutions After WWII, there was a rise in pride in African heritage and cultures.Resentment of imperial rule and economic exploitation.There were both peaceful & VIOLENT revolutions.Click the image for a larger view. Depending on your browser setup, multiple clicks may be required to view the full-sized image.On Africa Day, 1962, a group of women hold signs in protest of oppression in South Africa while other African countries gain their independence. One sign reads: "180 million free, 80 million to go!" Click the image for a larger view. Depending on your browser setup, multiple clicks may be required to view the full-sized image.On Africa Day, 1962, a group of women hold signs in protest of oppression in South Africa while other African countries gain their independence. One sign reads: "180 million free, 80 million to go!" On Africa Day, 1962, a group of women hold signs in protest of oppression in South Africa while other African countries gain their independence. One sign reads: "180 million free, 80 million to go!"South African gold mine
19Revolution Examples Kenya: Algeria: West Africa: Violent struggle and fight for freedom against Great BritainAlgeria:Bloody war and fight for freedom against FranceWest Africa:Peaceful transition
20Jomo Kenyatta Founding father of Kenya VIP ChartJomo KenyattaFounding father of KenyaLed a violent struggle for independence against British rule in the 1960’s
21South Africa Gained independence in 1910. But until 1990 there was apartheid.
22Nelson Mandela Led black South Africans struggle against apartheid VIP ChartLed black South Africans struggle against apartheidBecame first black president of the Republic of South Africa in 1990Video -- The Special AKA—"Free Nelson Mandela" -- National Geographic
23Europeans Lost Their Colonies After WWII, Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Belgium all lost African colonies.Why?
24Influence of the Cold War Superpowers tried to influence new African governments
26Mandates Established by the League of Nations after WWI. Mandate – territories administered by other countries in the name of the League of NationsFrench and British mandates for the Middle East after World War I.
27Independence After WWII UN divides Palestine into:Israel (Jewish state)Palestine (Arab state)Creation of Israel deeply divided the Middle EastHundred of thousands of Palestinians were displaced by the new state of IsraelIsrael was attacked the day after it was created by six Arab nations
28Golda Meir (“Golda My-ear”) Prime Minister of Israel in early 1970sWorked for a close relationship with the United StatesVIP Chart
29Gamal Abdul Nasser President of Egypt in the 1950’s & 60’s VIP ChartGamal Abdul NasserPresident of Egypt in the 1950’s & 60’sNationalized Suez CanalWorked for a close relationship with the Soviet UnionBuilt Aswan High Dam
31Middle East ConflictsBBC News - Helicopter tour over West Bank and Israel
32Turn in World Religions packet at the end of the block! Things to DoWorld Religions Webs & Maps – use p and map handoutVIPs of the Modern World – complete hallway notesTurn in World Religions packet at the end of the block!
33Location of world religions in 1500 a.d. (c.e.) Judaism: Concentrated in Europe and the Middle East Christianity: Concentrated in Europe and the Middle East Islam: Parts of Asia, Africa, and southern Europe Hinduism: India and part of Southeast Asia Buddhism: East and Southeast Asia