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Bell Ringer 1. Describe a developed country. Use GNPP, % Literacy, % Pop. Annual Rise, % urban and Life Expectancy. 2. Countries that join the ____________________.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer 1. Describe a developed country. Use GNPP, % Literacy, % Pop. Annual Rise, % urban and Life Expectancy. 2. Countries that join the ____________________."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer 1. Describe a developed country. Use GNPP, % Literacy, % Pop. Annual Rise, % urban and Life Expectancy. 2. Countries that join the ____________________ use the “Euro” (European Monetary System). 3. How can free market economies (capitalism) lead to greater political freedom?

2 Bell Ringer Complete “Independence Sweeps the World” using the Atlas text book Complete “Independence Sweeps the World” using the Atlas text book

3 The Modern World Independence Movements in India, Africa & the Middle East

4 We will… You will be able to… Identify the independence movements that took place in Asia, the Middle East and Africa following WWII. Today in class… LanguageSocial Studies Define: Apartheid Describe the independence movements in India and Africa and their leaders. Describe what happened to the mandate of Palestine and the creation of the state of Israel. Locate the world religions in the 20 th Century and review their key beliefs and founders. Next Time/Soon: World Religions Packet due

5 Queen Victoria of England Empress of India

6 Indian Colonization British East India Companydeveloped trade with Mughal India British East India Company developed trade with Mughal India Sepoy Rebellion leads to colonization in 1857 Sepoy Rebellion leads to colonization in 1857

7 India Before WWII Indian National Congress forms to fight for independence Indian National Congress forms to fight for independence Gandhi used non- violent civil disobedience and passive resistance to fight against British rule Gandhi used non- violent civil disobedience and passive resistance to fight against British rule

8 Partition of India India gained independence from Britain in 1947 India gained independence from Britain in 1947 Country was split along the Hindu-Muslim lines. Country was split along the Hindu-Muslim lines. Law stated that people could only have ONE month to decide which country they wanted to live in and to move there. Law stated that people could only have ONE month to decide which country they wanted to live in and to move there. As millions of people began to move, violence broke out. As millions of people began to move, violence broke out.

9 New Nations Form British India became nations of: British India became nations of: Republic of India Republic of India World’s largest democratic nation World’s largest democratic nation Federal system gives many powers to the state Federal system gives many powers to the state Pakistan (was called West Pakistan ) Pakistan (was called West Pakistan ) Bangladesh (was called East Pakistan ) Bangladesh (was called East Pakistan ) Sri Lanka (was called Ceylon) Sri Lanka (was called Ceylon) Which ethnic/religious group lives in Pakistan and Bangladesh? Which lives in India?

10 In Your Notes … 1. 1. Label India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka 2. 2. Label Pakistan & Bangladesh with their names from the 1947 3. 3. Label India, Pakistan, Bangladesh with the appropriate religion/ethnic group

11 Jawaharlal Nehru First Prime Minister of India First Prime Minister of India Friend of Gandhi Friend of Gandhi Supported western style industrialization Supported western style industrialization Wanted to end caste discrimination Wanted to end caste discrimination Ethnic & religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation. Ethnic & religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation. New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation. New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation.

12 Indira Gandhi Daughter of Nehru Daughter of Nehru Prime Minister of India in the 1960’s & 70’s Prime Minister of India in the 1960’s & 70’s Worked for a close relationship with the Soviet Union Worked for a close relationship with the Soviet Union Developed nuclear program Developed nuclear program VIP Chart

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14 Vocabulary 1. 1. Apartheid 2. 2. European Union 3. 3. IMF 4. 4. Multinational Corporation 5. 5. WTO 6. 6. NAFTA 7. 7. Refugee 8. 8. Guest Worker 9. 9. Terrorism

15 Apartheid Complete separation of blacks and whites in South Africa

16 Africa after World War II In 1945, at the end of World War II, most of Africa remained under European rule. In 1945, at the end of World War II, most of Africa remained under European rule. During the years after 1945 many African countries were gaining freedom. During the years after 1945 many African countries were gaining freedom. The UN Charter said that Africa has the right to “self-determination” The UN Charter said that Africa has the right to “self-determination”

17 Self-determination – a nation’s right to rule itself without outside interference

18 African Nationalism & Revolutions After WWII, there was a rise in pride in African heritage and cultures. After WWII, there was a rise in pride in African heritage and cultures. Resentment of imperial rule and economic exploitation. Resentment of imperial rule and economic exploitation. There were both peaceful & VIOLENT revolutions. There were both peaceful & VIOLENT revolutions. South African gold mine - 1935

19 Revolution Examples Kenya: Kenya: Violent struggle and fight for freedom against Great Britain Violent struggle and fight for freedom against Great Britain Algeria: Algeria: Bloody war and fight for freedom against France Bloody war and fight for freedom against France West Africa: West Africa: Peaceful transition Peaceful transition

20 Jomo Kenyatta Founding father of Kenya Founding father of Kenya Led a violent struggle for independence against British rule in the 1960’s Led a violent struggle for independence against British rule in the 1960’s VIP Chart

21 South Africa Gained independence in 1910. Gained independence in 1910. But until 1990 there was apartheid. But until 1990 there was apartheid.

22 Nelson Mandela Led black South Africans struggle against apartheid Led black South Africans struggle against apartheid Became first black president of the Republic of South Africa in 1990 Became first black president of the Republic of South Africa in 1990 Video -- The Special AKA—"Free Nelson Mandela" -- National Geographic VIP Chart

23 Europeans Lost Their Colonies After WWII, Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Belgium all lost African colonies. After WWII, Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Belgium all lost African colonies. Why? Why?

24 Influence of the Cold War Superpowers tried to influence new African governments Superpowers tried to influence new African governments

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26 Mandates Established by the League of Nations after WWI. Established by the League of Nations after WWI. Mandate – territories administered by other countries in the name of the League of Nations Mandate – territories administered by other countries in the name of the League of Nations French and British mandates for the Middle East after World War I.

27 Independence After WWII 1948 - UN divides Palestine into: 1948 - UN divides Palestine into: Israel (Jewish state) Israel (Jewish state) Palestine (Arab state) Palestine (Arab state) Creation of Israel deeply divided the Middle East Creation of Israel deeply divided the Middle East Hundred of thousands of Palestinians were displaced by the new state of Israel Hundred of thousands of Palestinians were displaced by the new state of Israel Israel was attacked the day after it was created by six Arab nations Israel was attacked the day after it was created by six Arab nations

28 Golda Meir (“Golda My-ear”) Prime Minister of Israel in early 1970s Prime Minister of Israel in early 1970s Worked for a close relationship with the United States Worked for a close relationship with the United States VIP Chart

29 Gamal Abdul Nasser President of Egypt in the 1950’s & 60’s President of Egypt in the 1950’s & 60’s Nationalized Suez Canal Nationalized Suez Canal Worked for a close relationship with the Soviet Union Worked for a close relationship with the Soviet Union Built Aswan High Dam Built Aswan High Dam VIP Chart

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31 Middle East Conflicts BBC News - Helicopter tour over West Bank and Israel

32 Things to Do World Religions Webs & Maps – use p. 612-626 and map handout World Religions Webs & Maps – use p. 612-626 and map handout VIPs of the Modern World – complete hallway notes VIPs of the Modern World – complete hallway notes Turn in World Religions packet at the end of the block!

33 Location of world religions in 1500 a.d. (c.e.) Judaism: Concentrated in Europe and the Middle East Christianity: Concentrated in Europe and the Middle East Islam: Parts of Asia, Africa, and southern Europe Hinduism: India and part of Southeast Asia Buddhism: East and Southeast Asia


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