Presentation on theme: "American Imperialism Keeping Up With Other Nations By the Mid 1800s many European powers had established empires. Imperialism- stronger nation dominates."— Presentation transcript:
Keeping Up With Other Nations By the Mid 1800s many European powers had established empires. Imperialism- stronger nation dominates the weaker nation in some way(s). Economically- Taking over their business, out selling their products. China, Banana Republics
Keeping Up With Other Nations. continued Politically- Controlling their government. Philippines, Cuba- Platt Amendment Culturally- Influencing them to take on different customs, religions, manners. Native Americans, Philippines, Latin America, etc.. Militarily- By use or show of force. Philippines, Banana Republics, Japan, Mexico, etc..
The Advance of Imperialism
Baby Steps… Washington warned, suggested, Dont get involved…it just causes problems. Worry about just the US. Jefferson- Louisiana Purchase- What about the Native Americans? Manifest Destiny- Its OUR (US) Destiny not our fault Knock, Knock! Bang, Bang! Open up Japan. Commodore Perry gets Japan to open up trade with the US.
Commodore Perry in Japan 1853
Baby Steps… continued 1860s- Had treaty set up with China, we get to have territory and bases, they get to buy our stuff. Monroe Doctrine- The US will protect the Western Hemisphere from Europe. Stay out. The US is in charge here Sent troops to Mexico as Back-Up against French
China Claimed by the European Powers
Baby Steps… continued Sewards Folly- Bought Alaska from Russians. (Thought we were going to get Canada.) 1890s Build the Great White Fleet. Macho Mahan- In the Navy! Fleet is the big deal.
Bring In the Dough What about all these Pacific Islands? Hawaii, Midway, Samoa. I guess well take them. 1880s Hello Latin America- Gives us your bananas, and well give you American stuff to buy Hello World- Spanish American War. Splendid Little War. We get? Colonies. Guam, Philippines, Cuba
What has the United States Fought For?
Bring In the Dough$$ continued. Guam- No Problem- it just a stopover for US Ships Cuba- We tried to help you, but I guess well just take you over. Platt Amendment – Let us tell you how to run your government. Lets go to Latin America- It will be our version of Africa or Asia
Bring In the Dough$$ continued 2. Philippine Insurrection- Tougher than the War- 3 years +3,000 dead and we still dont control everything. Establish their government with a governor appointed by US President
Kill Every One Over Ten
Keeping the Peace or keeping a Piece? Cuban Revolution -Cubans were being mistreated by Spain. This was not news but became an issue when US sugar cane companies couldnt get enough workers to their fields (reconcentration). Cuban exiles- (Jose Marti- wrote newspaper articles) Plead with President McKinley to help Cuban Rebels, say it just like France helping American Patriots back in 1776.
Keeping the Peace or keeping a Piece? Continued 2 Yellow Journalism- Hearst and Pulitzer compete with each other to sell more newspapers by telling exaggerated stories about what was going on in Cuba. Violence sells, people interested. Americans want to help rebels. Sugar Companies want American involvement- These Big companies pressure McKinley to assist Cuban Rebels.
The USS Maine Havana Harbor, February 16, 1898
Keeping the Peace or keeping a Piece? Continued 3 Remember The Maine- McKinley sends the USS Maine to protect American interests- Sugar companies and people. Its mysteriously blown up in Havana Harbor. (Today we think it was an accident because of the boiler room problems.) Newspapers report it as a Spanish Attack! US wants revenge! WAR with Spain- Some small battles in Cuba that get a lot of press. The real battle will between the Navies.
Keeping the Peace or keeping a Piece? Continued 4 US Dominates- US Navy finds the Spanish Navy in Manila Harbor the wipe out their old wooden ships with new American steel ships. War Over in 3 Months- US is a World Power – We are 1-0! US gets the Philippines, Cuba, Guam- But what do we do with them? Start an Empire-What Issues do we have this? What Problems will we encounter with administering an empire?