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WTO WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION. WHAT IS WTO? A series of trade negotiation from the end of Second World War.

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Presentation on theme: "WTO WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION. WHAT IS WTO? A series of trade negotiation from the end of Second World War."— Presentation transcript:

1 WTO WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

2 WHAT IS WTO? A series of trade negotiation from the end of Second World War

3 HISTORY of WTO Established in 1947 The rationale for GATT based on MFN What is MFN? The uruguay round GATS as a guideline and Intellectual Property Rights

4 PURPOSE OF WTO Ensure trade commneces smoothly Creates a legal groud rules Create an economic peace and stability Encourage international investments

5 STRUCTURE

6 ORGANS Ministreal conference General council Councils Committees Secretariat and budget

7 GATT principles Non discrimination Transparency Consultation and dispute settlements Negotiation Reciprocity National treatment Reduction of customs duties

8 Principal Objectives of WTO be a forum based on lowering tariff help trading industry the administrator of multilateral trade

9 FUNCTIONS To ensure the execution and management of aggrements based on multilateral trade aggrements To create a negotiation environment in trade relations between the member states To operate the mechanism for the resolution of disputes

10 FUNCTIONS ( cont) To operate trade policy review mechanism ( TPRM) To cooperate with IMF and the World Bank in order to contribute to the formation of economic policies on aglobal basis

11 MEMBER COUNTRIES and MEMBERSHIP PROCESS

12 MEMBER COUNTRIES and MEMBERSHIP PROCESS ( cont) 159 member countries 30 countries that have observer status, a step for becoming a full member

13 MEMBER COUNTRIES AntiguaBarbuda, Arjantin, Avustralya,Avusturya, Bahreyn, Bangladeş, Barba dos, Belçika, Belize, Bolivya, Botsvana, Brezilya, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde,Kanada, Orta Afrika Cumhuriyeti, Şili, Kolombiya, Kosta Rika, Fildişi Sahilleri, Küba, Kıbrıs, Kırgızistan, Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti, Çek Cumhuriyeti, Danimarka, Cibuti, Dominik, Dominik Cumhuriyeti, Mısır, El Salvador, Estonya, Finlandiya, Fransa, Gabon, Almanya, Gana,Yunanistan, Gre nada, Guatemala, Gine, Yeni Gine, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong, Macaristan, İ zlanda, Hindistan, Endonezya, İ rlanda, İ srail, İ talya, Jamaika, Japonya, Kenya, Kore Cumhuriyeti, Kuveyt, Lesoto, Liechtenstein, Lüksemburg, Makau, Madagaska r, Malavi,Malezya, Maldivler, Mali, Malta, Moritanya, Mauritius, Meksika, Fas, M ozambik, Myanmar, Namibya, Hollanda, Hollanda Antilleri, Yeni Zelanda, Nikaragua, Nijerya, Norveç, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Filipinler, Polo nya, Portekiz, Romanya, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent ve Grenadinler, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapur, Slovakya, Slovenya, Güney Afrika, İ spanya, Sri Lanka, Surinam, Swaziland, İ sveç, İ sviçre,Tanzanya, Tayland, Togo, Trinidad ve Tobago, Tunus, Türkiye, Uganda, İ ngiltere, ABD, Ukrayna, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambiya veZimbabveBarbudaArjantinAvustralyaAvusturyaBahreynBangladeşBarba dosBelçikaBelizeBolivyaBotsvanaBrezilyaBruneiBurkina FasoBurundiCape VerdeKanadaOrta Afrika CumhuriyetiŞiliKolombiyaKosta RikaFildişi SahilleriKübaKıbrısKırgızistanÇin Halk CumhuriyetiÇek CumhuriyetiDanimarkaCibutiDominikDominik CumhuriyetiMısırEl SalvadorEstonyaFinlandiyaFransaGabonAlmanyaGanaYunanistanGre nadaGuatemalaGineYeni GineGuyanaHondurasHong KongMacaristan İ zlandaHindistanEndonezya İ rlanda İ srail İ talyaJamaikaJaponyaKenyaKore CumhuriyetiKuveytLesotoLiechtensteinLüksemburgMakauMadagaska rMalaviMalezyaMaldivlerMaliMaltaMoritanyaMauritiusMeksikaFasM ozambikMyanmarNamibyaHollandaHollanda AntilleriYeni ZelandaNikaraguaNijeryaNorveçPakistanParaguayPeruFilipinlerPolo nyaPortekizRomanyaSaint LuciaSt. Vincent ve GrenadinlerSenegalSierra LeoneSingapurSlovakyaSlovenyaGüney Afrika İ spanyaSri LankaSurinamSwaziland İ sveç İ sviçreTanzanyaTaylandTogoTrinidad ve TobagoTunusTürkiyeUganda İ ngiltereABDUkraynaUruguayVenezuela ZambiyaZimbabve

14 Accession Process in WTO 1)Official Application and Establishment of the Working Group 2) Biliteral Concessions Negotiations and Reviews of Working Party 3)Accession Protocol 4)Decision Process

15 TURKEY and WTO 26 march 1995 with the decision by the Council of Ministers. Agreements between WTO and Turkey are based on agriculture, anti-dumping, balance of payments, customs, values ​​, import bans, regional trade agreements, technological products, rules of origin, safeguard measures, services, technical barriers to trade, textiles, intellectual property rights, trade and development..etc.

16 DEVELOPMENTS AFTER WTO Industrial developments Agricultural developments Service sector developments Intellectual property rights Trade policy review mechanism ( TPRM)

17 WHAT ABOUT FUTURE ? Agriculture, anti-dumping, civil aviation, trade and environment, ıntellectual propert rights associated trade etc. as agenda in future

18 CRITISMS FOR WTO Unfortunately, serves for developed countries’ benefits The need for adding a social dimension to the new WTO rules apart from commrecial benefit The practices causing unfair competition Subsidied exports of developed countries as a threat for local productions

19 EZG İ I Ş IK FULYA ERKUT GÖKÇEN ÇET İ N MUSTAFA YILDIRIM


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