Presentation on theme: "A Diagnosis of Filipino Society"— Presentation transcript:
1A Diagnosis of Filipino Society Noli Me TangereA Diagnosis of Filipino Society
2Proposal on writing a Novel about the Philippines Filipinos – were not known in EuropePractically mistaken as Chinese in Spain and Japanese in Germany.Indios Bravos – a term coined by Rizal which was used by the Filipino expatriates in the Paris Exposition in 1889 to have a sense of National Identity.
3Circulo Hispano-Filipino – where Rizal presented a proposal on writing a novel about the Philippines.His proposal was unanimously approved by his friends.But this proposal did not materialize because those whom he expected to collaborate with him did not do anything.
4His expatriates were indifferent to the project since they were more interested to gamble and to flirt with women.Pedro Paterno – published his novel entitled Ninay: Costumbres Filipinas (Philippine Customs).Made Rizal happy because somehow someone reacted to his proposal.
5Ideas on Writing a novel about the Philippines Spoliarium – Juan LunaReflection of the spirit of the social, moral, and political life of his time because it clearly showed mankind under severe ordeal, mankind unredeemed, and reason and aspiration in an open struggle with fanaticism and injustice.
6Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe Portrays the brutalities committed by American slave-owners and the pathetic conditions of the unfortunate Negro slaves.
7The Wandering Jew – Eugene Sue An anti-clerical novel
8The writing of the novel Madrid – when Rizal completed the first half of the novelParis – he completed one-fourthBerlin – he finished the novel on February 21, 1887.
9Dr. Maximo Viola The savior of the Noli Visited Rizal in Berlin before Christmas of 1887.He was shocked seeing his friend living in poverty and deplorably sickly because of lack of proper nourishment.Financed the printing of the novel by giving Rizal P
10Elias and Salome – deleted chapter Berliner Buchdruckrei-Action-Gesselschaft – published the novelCharged the lowest rate P for 2,000 copies.Ferdinand Blumentritt, Antonio Ma. Regidor, Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Mariano Ponce and Felix Resurreccion-Hidalgo – received the first copies of the novel.Maximo Viola – received the original handwritten manuscript with the pen used by Rizal in writing the novel as a sign of his gratitude to the man who help in the printing of his novel.
11Title of the NovelNoli Me Tangere – Latin phrase which means “Touch Me Not”A phrase which Rizal got from the bible.In a letter addressed to Felix R. Hidalgo, Rizal claimed that the phrase came from the Gospel of Luke. Rizal made a mistake.Gospel of St. John – Chapter 20 versesMotherland – where the novel was dedicatedSocial Cancer – a disease that Rizal used to convey the condition of the Philippines.
12Cover of the BookTitle – cuts diagonally across the front covering a hand written dedication.Hand Written dedication – apparently for his parents“In writing… thinking… always… it was you who implanted in me… the first ideas… this manuscript… proof of love.
13Silhouette of girl’s head – Maria Clara Two hairy calves protrude from a haze , the feet enclosed in sandals – Father DamasoConstabulary helmetWhipA length of chainThorny bamboo branchesFlowersGraveyard cross
14The Characters of the Novel The characters of the novel were drawn by Rizal from persons who actually existed during his time.
15Juan Crisostomo Ibarra – the protagonist Represented the affluent and liberal European educated Filipino (Ilustrado)Desired the education of the peopleElias – represented the Filipino massesWanted to liberate the people from the injustices suffered from the Spaniards.Represented Rizal himself
16Maria Clara – The object of Ibarra’s love and affection. Trained in a convent and immersed in education that is religious in orientation.Salome – Elias’ girlfriendSame with Maria Clara epitomizes womanhood in their fidelity, shyness and modesty.Represents Leonor Rivera
17Padre Damaso – the main antagonist in the novel. A typical domineering friar during Rizal’s time.Arrogant, immoral and anti-FilipinoOften mistaken as a Dominican priest.Pilosopo Tasyo – perceived to be a sage by the educated and a lunatic or weird by those who did not know him.Represents Paciano, Rizal’s older brother
18Capitan Tiago – Don Anastacio de los Santos Husband of Pia AlbaHis wealth came from illegal opium tradeExample of a subservient Filipino to the Spanish authorities for protection and securityCapitan Juan Sunico of San NicolasSisa – the mother of Basilio and CrispinSymbolizes Filipinos lack of concern in facing and resolving problems confronting Filipino society.But illustrates the typical Filipino mother. Ready to defend their children from all forms of injustice and accusations.Basilio and Crispin – represents the Crisostomo brothers in Bulacan
19Padre Salvi – represents an immoral and coward friar Was believed to be Father Antonio Piernavieja, the hated Augustinian friar who was killed b the patriots during the revolution.Doña Victorina – wife of Don Tiburcio de Espadaña.A social climber. An Indio who wanted to be treated as a Spaniard for her husband was a citizen of Spain.Doña Agustina MedelDoña Consolacion – mistress of the AlferezSymbolized the mentality of the Guardia Civil: Vulgar, cruel and quarrelsome.
20Rizal’s Diagnosis of Filipino Society Friars – were the enemies of reforms, progress and justice in the Philippines.Agrarian problem in Calamba between the Dominicans and the tenants like his family, while he was in Europe.The influence of the Spanish friars against secularization of the parishes.Rizal’s over-all assessment of the Philippine political situation in 1886 and 1872.Abuses of the friars were evident (forced labor, tax collection, school inspection, intelligence officers)
21Noli Me Tangere: A Charter of Filipino Nationalism The novel calls for the Filipino to:Regain his self confidenceAppreciate his self-worthReturn to the heritage of his ancestorsAssert himselfTo equal to the SpaniardsInsists in the need for educationDedication to the countryAssimilating the aspects of Western culture that could enhance native traditions
22Rizal’s Friends Praise the Noli Ferdinand Blumentritt – his congratulating of Rizal was the most significant.Considers Rizal was a man of extraordinary talent.
23Antonio Ma. Regidor – a Filipino exile in London for his alleged participation in the 1872 uprising. Said that the book is superior and Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere will be equal to the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes of Spain.
24Other Works published by Rizal’s Friends in Europe Pedro A. Paterno – Ninay (1885, Madrid)Marcelo H. Del Pilar – La Soberania Monalas (1889, Barcelona)Graciano Lopez-Jaena – Discursos y Articulos Varios (1891, Barcelona).