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A Diagnosis of Filipino Society

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1 A Diagnosis of Filipino Society
Noli Me Tangere A Diagnosis of Filipino Society

2 Proposal on writing a Novel about the Philippines
Filipinos – were not known in Europe Practically mistaken as Chinese in Spain and Japanese in Germany. Indios Bravos – a term coined by Rizal which was used by the Filipino expatriates in the Paris Exposition in 1889 to have a sense of National Identity.

3 Circulo Hispano-Filipino – where Rizal presented a proposal on writing a novel about the Philippines. His proposal was unanimously approved by his friends. But this proposal did not materialize because those whom he expected to collaborate with him did not do anything.

4 His expatriates were indifferent to the project since they were more interested to gamble and to flirt with women. Pedro Paterno – published his novel entitled Ninay: Costumbres Filipinas (Philippine Customs). Made Rizal happy because somehow someone reacted to his proposal.

5 Ideas on Writing a novel about the Philippines
Spoliarium – Juan Luna Reflection of the spirit of the social, moral, and political life of his time because it clearly showed mankind under severe ordeal, mankind unredeemed, and reason and aspiration in an open struggle with fanaticism and injustice.

6 Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe
Portrays the brutalities committed by American slave-owners and the pathetic conditions of the unfortunate Negro slaves.

7 The Wandering Jew – Eugene Sue
An anti-clerical novel

8 The writing of the novel
Madrid – when Rizal completed the first half of the novel Paris – he completed one-fourth Berlin – he finished the novel on February 21, 1887.

9 Dr. Maximo Viola The savior of the Noli
Visited Rizal in Berlin before Christmas of 1887. He was shocked seeing his friend living in poverty and deplorably sickly because of lack of proper nourishment. Financed the printing of the novel by giving Rizal P

10 Elias and Salome – deleted chapter
Berliner Buchdruckrei-Action-Gesselschaft – published the novel Charged the lowest rate P for 2,000 copies. Ferdinand Blumentritt, Antonio Ma. Regidor, Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Mariano Ponce and Felix Resurreccion-Hidalgo – received the first copies of the novel. Maximo Viola – received the original handwritten manuscript with the pen used by Rizal in writing the novel as a sign of his gratitude to the man who help in the printing of his novel.

11 Title of the Novel Noli Me Tangere – Latin phrase which means “Touch Me Not” A phrase which Rizal got from the bible. In a letter addressed to Felix R. Hidalgo, Rizal claimed that the phrase came from the Gospel of Luke. Rizal made a mistake. Gospel of St. John – Chapter 20 verses Motherland – where the novel was dedicated Social Cancer – a disease that Rizal used to convey the condition of the Philippines.

12 Cover of the Book Title – cuts diagonally across the front covering a hand written dedication. Hand Written dedication – apparently for his parents “In writing… thinking… always… it was you who implanted in me… the first ideas… this manuscript… proof of love.

13 Silhouette of girl’s head – Maria Clara
Two hairy calves protrude from a haze , the feet enclosed in sandals – Father Damaso Constabulary helmet Whip A length of chain Thorny bamboo branches Flowers Graveyard cross

14 The Characters of the Novel
The characters of the novel were drawn by Rizal from persons who actually existed during his time.

15 Juan Crisostomo Ibarra – the protagonist
Represented the affluent and liberal European educated Filipino (Ilustrado) Desired the education of the people Elias – represented the Filipino masses Wanted to liberate the people from the injustices suffered from the Spaniards. Represented Rizal himself

16 Maria Clara – The object of Ibarra’s love and affection.
Trained in a convent and immersed in education that is religious in orientation. Salome – Elias’ girlfriend Same with Maria Clara epitomizes womanhood in their fidelity, shyness and modesty. Represents Leonor Rivera

17 Padre Damaso – the main antagonist in the novel.
A typical domineering friar during Rizal’s time. Arrogant, immoral and anti-Filipino Often mistaken as a Dominican priest. Pilosopo Tasyo – perceived to be a sage by the educated and a lunatic or weird by those who did not know him. Represents Paciano, Rizal’s older brother

18 Capitan Tiago – Don Anastacio de los Santos
Husband of Pia Alba His wealth came from illegal opium trade Example of a subservient Filipino to the Spanish authorities for protection and security Capitan Juan Sunico of San Nicolas Sisa – the mother of Basilio and Crispin Symbolizes Filipinos lack of concern in facing and resolving problems confronting Filipino society. But illustrates the typical Filipino mother. Ready to defend their children from all forms of injustice and accusations. Basilio and Crispin – represents the Crisostomo brothers in Bulacan

19 Padre Salvi – represents an immoral and coward friar
Was believed to be Father Antonio Piernavieja, the hated Augustinian friar who was killed b the patriots during the revolution. Doña Victorina – wife of Don Tiburcio de Espadaña. A social climber. An Indio who wanted to be treated as a Spaniard for her husband was a citizen of Spain. Doña Agustina Medel Doña Consolacion – mistress of the Alferez Symbolized the mentality of the Guardia Civil: Vulgar, cruel and quarrelsome.

20 Rizal’s Diagnosis of Filipino Society
Friars – were the enemies of reforms, progress and justice in the Philippines. Agrarian problem in Calamba between the Dominicans and the tenants like his family, while he was in Europe. The influence of the Spanish friars against secularization of the parishes. Rizal’s over-all assessment of the Philippine political situation in 1886 and 1872. Abuses of the friars were evident (forced labor, tax collection, school inspection, intelligence officers)

21 Noli Me Tangere: A Charter of Filipino Nationalism
The novel calls for the Filipino to: Regain his self confidence Appreciate his self-worth Return to the heritage of his ancestors Assert himself To equal to the Spaniards Insists in the need for education Dedication to the country Assimilating the aspects of Western culture that could enhance native traditions

22 Rizal’s Friends Praise the Noli
Ferdinand Blumentritt – his congratulating of Rizal was the most significant. Considers Rizal was a man of extraordinary talent.

23 Antonio Ma. Regidor – a Filipino exile in London for his alleged participation in the 1872 uprising.
Said that the book is superior and Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere will be equal to the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes of Spain.

24 Other Works published by Rizal’s Friends in Europe
Pedro A. Paterno – Ninay (1885, Madrid) Marcelo H. Del Pilar – La Soberania Monalas (1889, Barcelona) Graciano Lopez-Jaena – Discursos y Articulos Varios (1891, Barcelona).


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