Number of interviewees: 112 representing (83%) of households in Purok Pinagpala; 23 (17%) were away; 6 houses were vacant. The average length of stay at the Habitat Village is 6 ½ years. The total numbers of residents in the 112 households is 562.
Those interviewed were Married: 104 (93%). Solo parents: 8 (7%). The average household size: 5
418 persons out of a total population of 572 are under 35 years of age (73%). 256 persons are under 15 years of age (45%). 14 persons are over 60 years of age (2.4%).
There is a lack of variety and a lack of balance in the diet of the community. This diet is mostly composed of rice, fish and vegetables. In difficult times, fish is replaced with dried fish, canned sardines, bagoong, and salt. There is little consumption of fruit, nuts, dairy products, corn, and meat. The high salt content in the consumed food makes them susceptible to urinary tract infections, hypertension, and related illnesses.
Health ServicesHouseholds Vaccination (BHC)93 Medicines and Vitamins (BHC- When Available)60 Pre-Natal Check-up (BHC)39 Dental (Extraction)(SC)35 Consultation/Prescription (SC)34 Check-up/Blood Pressure (BHC)24 Others (Medical Missions, Civic Action)22 Family Planning (BHC)8 None5
Social ProtectionHouseholds% 4Ps/ Phil Health Phil Health None
Majority of the residents (76 or 68%) earn a living from fishing. There is a lack of diversity of income sources in the community.
The average monthly household income is Php6, Most earn Php5,000 or less per month (P166/day).
Average monthly household expenditure is Php6, excluding costs for fuel for cooking, water, and health.
The biggest proportion of regular expenditure is on food, which periodically exceeds income. The largest one-off expenditure is for health (medication and treatment). The fine line between income and expenditure is such that households often go into debt when faced with shortfalls, contingencies and emergencies.
The focus on making ends meet on an almost daily basis means that households are mostly unable to budget, save and plan for the future.
The low purchasing capacity of households results in the operating capital of many micro-businesses being eaten up by extending credit (utang) to customers. This is often cited as the cause for the failure of many small businesses in the Purok, and has broader implications for future livelihood endeavors in the community. Unless the disposable income level of households increases beyond that which is necessary to cover basic needs, future businesses solely reliant on the community are likely to fail.
When asked about what kind of livelihood could possibly engaged in as an alternative source of income, most answered 'don't know', or suggested income- generating survival activities (as opposed to entrepreneurial) on the household level (raising pigs, chickens, vegetable gardening). These reflect a primary focus on meeting basic needs and daily survival. These also suggest a lack of entrepreneurial knowledge and skills.
In response to the question on hopes and dreams for the household, the largest response was for their children to complete their schooling, indicating a high priority accorded to education as a means of improving the family's economic wellbeing and quality of life. The second was to increase household income to pay for basic needs. The third was to pay off the house, indicating home ownership, and the security to the family this affords, was a significant priority. Self- Actua lizatio n Esteem Belonging Safety Physiological
The highest number of responses called for more unity and cooperation in the community in order for all to enjoy a better life. The second highest response focussed on the need for sustainable employment in the form of externally-stimulated partnerships (businesses, civic-minded individuals, and the public sector) with the community. with a degree of social responsibility, The third highest response called for more adherence to the Habitat's Program rules and regulations to reduce the impact of negative/ maladaptive behaviour that inhibits the establishment of a positive community culture. The importance accorded to establishing and sustaining a positive community culture is also indicated in the fourth highest response. Effective leadership is seen as needed to motivate and guide the community towards the achievement of their goals, and to help with conflict resolution on an ongoing basis.
23 The four main problems as perceived by the community are 1.the inadequate water supply; 2.the lack of jobs/livelihood opportunities; 3.malodorous and ineffective septic tanks; and, 4.debt to I-Home.
1.Revise the strategic plan for the community to include the principles of Health Promotion 2.Conduct the following studies to aid in the development of a new strategic plan: An environmental impact study of the community as the basis for bringing environmental issues into the core of future program plans The psycho-social effects of forced resettlement into constructed communities, especially on people from seafaring/ transient lifestyles; and the impact on host communities of a large influx of the above.
3.Decide on the following before any further resettlement into the Purok: Clarify Stakeholders' areas of responsibility and accountability. Revise the number of new households that can be reasonably accommodated on the site to ensure that the existing community has an economic and social capacity to absorb new residents (employment and the other requisites of a sustainable, healthy quality of life). Redesign the site to incorporate commercial production areas, mixed-use areas, parks and recreational spaces; build expandability into the design; design for Zero Carbon.
4.Strengthen social cohesion within the community, and between the community and the other stakeholders. Revive the original Habitat for Humanity Program in the community or create a new program that also places emphasis on individual responsibility and community cooperation. Restore trust through a clear process for effective conflict resolution. Promote positive, inclusive values as part of the strengthening process. Strengthen existing community organisations through organizational development (systems development, leadership and management, transparency and accountability, social responsibility and ethical behavior); and set-up new organizations as needed. Embed a skilled and committed external community facilitator to initiate and sustain the process of engagement, advocacy, empowerment and capacity development.
5.Increase Income generating opportunities. Job creation and the resulting absorption of excess labor, especially for the women and young people in the community. Strengthen fisheries: Organize a fisher folk cooperative. Provide start-up capital (as recommended FGD of fisher folk), connecting them to financing or direct buyers, marketing & processing Assist by providing capital investment for setting up an ice- plant, cooperative supplies store, cold storage truck to transport fresh fish and drying or food processing facilities to be managed by the cooperative; Enforce Fishery Laws particularly the 15 kilometer radius for municipal fishermen and apprehend trawl fishing vessels (likom) violating these laws
Sustained skills development, business development services and market development assistance Provide start-up capital by leveraging funds through micro- finance/micro-lending institutions Set-up a Livelihood Center to showcase livelihood activities and serve as outlet/tourist souvenir shop for products of the community Strengthen the Tourism Project through infrastructure development and site development
6.Improve Water and Sanitation Follow-up with the proper authorities regarding the Level II Water System Project of the City Government, and inform the community. Replace or recondition the water supply system and develop an effective system for its maintenance. Construct a Water Impounding System (to catch rainwater and run-off) for agricultural production. Construct bigger and more durable (concrete) septic tanks to avoid overflow and backflow to the toilets.