Presentation on theme: "Political Spectrum Notes US History I Unit 4: Boom! The 1920s."— Presentation transcript:
Political Spectrum Notes US History I Unit 4: Boom! The 1920s
When we think about S, E, and P, what are the forces that can change or shape history? Agents of Change! What are agents of change? –Geography –Cultural diffusion –Technology –Ideology Agents of change shape the social, economic, and political landscape. What are each of these? Which shape S, E, or P?
RadicalLiberalModerateConservative Reactionary The Political Spectrum What does each one mean? References of people being "to the left" or "to the right" can be traced back to the French Revolution, where those deemed "conservative" sat on the right of the legislative assembly and those labeled "liberal" sat on the left.
Moderate Lies on the center on the spectrum. Someone that is on the fence, meaning that they have beliefs that are slightly conservative, and some beliefs that are more liberal.
Conservative Lies just right of the center on the spectrum. Generally, this refers to a person that resists change or chooses to maintain the status quo (a Latin term meaning the present or existing state of affairs).
Reactionary The far right end of the spectrum, even further right than conservatives. They also resist change, but would not mind changing things to go back to a more conservative time. Think about what the word reaction means/implies.
Liberal Lies just left of the center on the spectrum. Someone who wants change, but thinks the best way to achieve change is by going through the proper process. What does the proper process mean?
Radical The far left end of the spectrum. A radicals beliefs are very different from the moderates position. Wants change, but may not want to wait for it. What would an example of this be?
What does this have to do with the 1920s? In the 20s there was a wide variety of things that shaped the decadepolitically, economically, and socially. Some of these changes were very liberal, almost radical and others were more conservative, even reactionary. As we study the 1920s, we will constantly ask ourselves, Where does this belong on the political spectrum?
As we study this unit, lets use this statement as our framework for understanding the 1920s: American life in the 1920s is a paradox. On one hand, the decade can be viewed as extremely reactionary. On the other hand, Americans experienced fundamental change. What is a paradox? An apparently true statement that appears to lead to a contradiction or to circumstances that defy intuition. We will find out that the social, economic, and political aspects of the 1920s will all belong in different places on the spectrum.