Presentation on theme: "Presented By : Mahgul Gulzai (0612112). Introduction History Types of Artificial Heart Why do we need Artificial Heart Artificial Heart Surgery."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction History Types of Artificial Heart Why do we need Artificial Heart Artificial Heart Surgery Risk factors of artificial heart surgery Benefits Role in Bioinformatics Role in Pakistan
Definition An artificial heart is the long term replacement of the Original heart, if the heart does not work properly. It is implanted in human body to replace the biological heart. Also known as “ventricular assist devices (VADs) or TAH”
Dr. John Heysham Gibbon Heart-lung machine Harper University Hospital (Sep 29, 1903 – Feb 5, 1973)
AbioCor The AbioCor is the artificial heart is developed by Abiomed.The AbioCor heart, which is composed of titanium and plastic, connects to four locations: Right atrium Left atrium Aorta Pulmonary artery
Jarvik 7 Robert Jarvik, MD is widely known as the inventor of the first successful permanent artificial heart, the Jarvik 7. In 1982, the first implantation of the Jarvik 7 in patient Barney Clark caught the attention of media around the world.
There are two reasons that we need TAH: It stays you alive while you wait for transplant. You may benefit from a total artificial heart (TAH) if both of your ventricles don't work due to end-stage heart failure.
The risks for surgery include: Bleeding Infection Heart attack Irregular heartbeat Diseases :Cancer, kidney failure, Multi- organ failure etc.
If your both ventricles are not working. If you're waiting for a heart transplant, a TAH can help you survive longer. It also can improve your quality of life.
Maintain model of the pump and patient continuously evaluates the available estimates of variables. The Machine Evaluate the status and history of Patient, validity of Information. Supervisor of the Surgery uses optimization algorithm to determine the reference speed. It also estimates the operating status of artificial heart. It is used to calculate total protein level of patient before, after and during the implantation of artificial heart. And also diagnose heart disease through Machine. Changing the pumping speed of the heart to handle your changing activity levels
Heart disease has appeared as the main cause of death in Pakistani rural as well as in urban areas. These devices are used in Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC). According to the survey conducted by WHO in April 2004: Site (Area)Survey type Population size (Age) Sex Sindh (urban and rural) Community20–80Male (urban)Community30–60Both (urban)School5–15Both (urban)School5–15Both
On October 27, 2008, French professor and leading heart transplant specialist Alain F. Carpentier announced that a fully implantable artificial heart will be ready for clinical trial by 2011 and for alternative transplant in 2013.