Presentation on theme: "Objective: To examine the growth of cities at the turn of the 20 th century. USHC 4.5/4.6 Urbanization of Dubai, United Arab Emirates."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: To examine the growth of cities at the turn of the 20 th century. USHC 4.5/4.6 Urbanization of Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Cities Grow 1920 – 1/2 of Americans lived in cities Factory jobs sparked an increase in the growth of cities after the Civil War. Ex.) 1890 – 1/3 of Americans lived in cities
· Immigrants came to northern cities looking for work. New York City population, total and by borough, from 1790 to Figures in millions. Key: New York City The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island
African-Americans came to northern cities from the South looking for work and to escape racism. This became known as the Great Migration. In "the Promised Land" of Chicago, many black migrants still had to join picket lines to fight for fair wages. Some companies discriminated by placing restrictions upon the promotion and advancement of black workers, frequently preventing them from earning higher wages. Chicago, Illinois, July 1941
Picket line at the Mid-City Realty Company, Chicago, Illinois, July 1941 John Vachon, Photographer
City Life Poor families struggled to survive in crowded slums living in tenements. Hine, Lewis W. NYC tenement 1910 Tenements were overcrowded, dirty and oftentimes had no windows, heat, or indoor bathrooms.
Jacob Riis, 1889 Lodgers in a Bayard Street Tenement, Five Cents a Spot"
Bunks in a seven-cent lodging-house, Pell Street
There is no mistaking it: we are in Jewtown. It is said that nowhere in the world are so many people crowded together on a square mile as here….yet the sign To Let" is the rarest of all….Here is one (building) seven stories high. The sanitary policeman whose beat this is will tell you that it contains thirty-six families, but the term has a widely different meaning here….In this house, where a case of small-pox was reported, there were fifty-eight babies and thirty-eight children that were over five years of age. In Essex Street two small rooms in a six-story tenement were made to hold a "family" of father and mother, twelve children, and six boarders….These are samples of the packing of the population that has run up the record here to the rate of three hundred and thirty thousand per square mile. – Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives, 1890 Source:
Jacob Riis – Mens Lodging Room in the West 47 th Street Station – c. 1892
The "Montgomery Guards" gang at the West 37 th Street dock
Street cleaning, Fourth Street Garbage collection and street cleaning began regularly. Reform
Typical tenement fire-escape serving as an extension of the flat: Allen Street New buildings were required to have fire escapes and plumbing.
Separate residential and industrial zones were developed.
Help for the Poor Salvation Army
The worldwide expansion of the Salvation Army
YMCA, YWCA Basketball was invented in 1891 at a YMCA The YWCA offered physical and educational programs during lunch breaks to female factory workers. (c. early 1900s).
Hull House in the early 1900s (above) and Jane Addams in the 1930s (right). Hull House – a settlement house set up by Jane Addams