Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

2 - 1 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Balance sheet Income statement Statement of cash flows Accounting income versus cash flow.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "2 - 1 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Balance sheet Income statement Statement of cash flows Accounting income versus cash flow."— Presentation transcript:

1 2 - 1 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Balance sheet Income statement Statement of cash flows Accounting income versus cash flow MVA and EVA CHAPTER 2 Financial Statements, Cash Flow, and Taxes

2 2 - 2 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Balance Sheets: Assets Cash7,2829,000 Short-term inv.048,600 AR632,160351,200 Inventories1,287,360715,200 Total CA1,926,8021,124,000 Gross FA1,202,950491,000 Less: Depr.263,160146,200 Net FA939,790344,800 Total assets2,866,5921,468,800

3 2 - 3 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. 1,733,760 Liabilities and Equity Accts payable524,160145,600 Notes payable720,000200,000 Accruals 489, ,000 Total CL481,600 Long-term debt1,000,000323,432 Common stock460,000 Retained earnings (327,168) 203,768 Total equity 132, ,768 Total L&E2,866,5921,468,800

4 2 - 4 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. (519,936) Income Statement Sales5,834,4003,432,000 COGS5,728,0002,864,000 Other expenses680,000340,000 Deprec. 116,960 18,900 Tot. op. costs6,524,9603,222,900 EBIT(690,560)209,100 Interest exp. 176,000 62,500 EBT (866,560) 146,600 Taxes (40%) (346,624) 58,640 Net income 87,

5 2 - 5 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Other Data No. of shares100,000 EPS($5.199)$0.88 DPS$0.110$0.22 Stock price$2.25$8.50 Lease pmts$40,

6 2 - 6 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Statement of Retained Earnings (2001) Balance of retained earnings, 12/31/00 $203,768 Add: Net income, 2001(519,936) Less: Dividends paid(11,000) Balance of retained earnings, 12/31/01($327,168)

7 2 - 7 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Statement of Cash Flows: 2001 OPERATING ACTIVITIES Net Income(519,936) Adjustments: Depreciation 116,960 Change in AR(280,960) Change in inventories(572,160) Change in AP 378,560 Change in accruals 353,600 Net cash provided by ops. (523,936)

8 2 - 8 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. L-T INVESTING ACTIVITIES Investments in fixed assets (711,950) FINANCING ACTIVITIES Change in s-t investments48,600 Change in notes payable520,000 Change in long-term debt676,568 Payment of cash dividends (11,000) Net cash from financing1,234,168 Sum: net change in cash (1,718) Plus: cash at beginning of year9,000 Cash at end of year7,282

9 2 - 9 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Net cash from operations = -$523,936, mainly because of negative net income. The firm borrowed $1,185,568 and sold $48,600 in short-term investments to meet its cash requirements. Even after borrowing, the cash account fell by $1,718. What can you conclude about the company’s financial condition from its statement of cash flows?

10 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What effect did the expansion have on net operating working capital (NOWC)? NOWC 01 = ($7,282 + $632,160 + $1,287,360) - ($524,160 + $489,600) = $913,042. NOWC 00 = $793,800. = - Operating CA Operating CL NOWC

11 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What effect did the expansion have on capital used in operations? = NOWC + Net fixed assets. = $913,042 + $939,790 = $1,852,832. = $1,138,600. Operating capital 01 Operating capital 00 Operating capital

12 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Did the expansion create additional net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)? NOPAT = EBIT(1 - Tax rate) NOPAT 01 = -$690,560( ) = -$690,560(0.6) = -$414,336. NOPAT 00 = $125,460.

13 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What is your initial assessment of the expansion’s effect on operations? Sales$5,834,400 $3,432,000 NOPAT($414,336)$125,460 NOWC$913,042 $793,800 Operating capital$1,852,832 $1,138,600

14 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What effect did the company’s expansion have on its net cash flow and operating cash flow? NCF 01 = NI + DEP= -$519,936 + $116,960 = -$402,976. NCF 00 = $87,960 + $18,900 = $106,860. OCF 01 = NOPAT + DEP = -$414,336 + $116,960 = -$297,376. OCF 00 = $125,460 + $18,900 = $144,360.

15 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What was the free cash flow (FCF) for 2001? FCF = NOPAT - Net capital investment = -$414,336 - ($1,852,832 - $1,138,600) = -$414,336 - $714,232 = -$1,128,568. How do you suppose investors reacted?

16 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What is the company’s EVA? Assume the firm’s after-tax cost of capital (COC) was 11% in 2000 and 13% in EVA 01 = NOPAT- (COC)(Capital) = -$414,336 - (0.13)($1,852,832) = -$414,336 - $240,868 = -$655,204. EVA 00 = $125,460 - (0.11)($1,138,600) = $125,460 - $125,246 = $214.

17 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Would you conclude that the expansion increased or decreased MVA? MVA = -. During the last year stock price has decreased 73%, so market value of equity has declined. Consequently, MVA has declined. Equity capital supplied Market value of equity

18 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Probably not. A/P increased 260% over the past year, while sales increased by only 70%. If this continues, suppliers may cut off trade credit. Does the company pay its suppliers on time?

19 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. No, the negative NOPAT shows that the company is spending more on it’s operations than it is taking in. Does it appear that the sales price exceeds the cost per unit sold?

20 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. 1.The company offers 60-day credit terms. The improved terms are matched by its competitors, so sales remain constant. What effect would each of these actions have on the cash account? A/R would  Cash would 

21 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. 2.Sales double as a result of the change in credit terms. Short-run: Inventory and fixed assets  to meet increased sales. A/R , Cash . Company may have to seek additional financing. Long-run: Collections increase and the company’s cash position would improve.

22 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. The expansion was financed primarily with external capital. The company issued long-term debt which reduced its financial strength and flexibility. How was the expansion financed?

23 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Would external capital have been required if they had broken even in 2001 (Net income = 0)? Yes, the company would still have to finance its increase in assets.

24 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What happens if fixed assets are depreciated over 7 years (as opposed to the current 10 years)? No effect on physical assets. Fixed assets on balance sheet would decline. Net income would decline. Tax payments would decline. Cash position would improve.

25 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Other policies that can affect financial statements Inventory valuation methods. Capitalization of R&D expenses. Policies for funding the company’s retirement plan.

26 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Does the company’s positive stock price ($2.25), in the face of large losses, suggest that investors are irrational? No, it means that investors expect things to get better in the future.

27 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Why did the stock price fall after the dividend was cut? Management was “signaling” that the firm’s operations were in trouble. The dividend cut lowered investors’ expectations for future cash flows, which caused the stock price to decline.

28 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. What were some other sources of financing used in 2001? Selling financial assets: Short term investments decreased by $48,600. Bank loans: Notes payable increased by $520,000. Credit from suppliers: A/P increased by $378,560. Employees: Accruals increased by $353,600.


Download ppt "2 - 1 Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc.All rights reserved. Balance sheet Income statement Statement of cash flows Accounting income versus cash flow."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google