Presentation on theme: "LE CORBUSIER ‘A Contemporary city’ From The City of To-morrow and Its Planning (1929) Iulia Munteanu MPA I, NGO Management."— Presentation transcript:
LE CORBUSIER ‘A Contemporary city’ From The City of To-morrow and Its Planning (1929) Iulia Munteanu MPA I, NGO Management
Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris) ( ) - Swiss-French Architect, city planner, designer, painter, writer and philosopher; one of the pioneers of the Modernist Movement (International Style) in architecture; his designs for modern houses – “machines for living”
A Contemporary City Of Three Million Inhabitants “the skyscraper in the park”- idea today ubiquitous Plan Voisin presented in Paris in 1922 → controversial rows of identical, strictly geometrical skyscrapers→ Right Bank (Paris) the city of today!
Population Site level site – ideal site for contemporary city citizens suburban dwellers mixed sort → define areas to be allotted to the 3 sections
Areas proposed: 1. The City – business and residential centre 2. The Industrial City 3. The Garden Cities – workers’ houses -legal establishment of a protective zone between industrial city and garden cities Population – more dense, small distances to cover → increase density
Traffic 3 types: heavy goods traffic + lighter goods traffic + fast traffic → 3 kinds of roads: - below ground – for heavy traffic - at the ground floor level - arterial roads for fast one-way traffic cross-roads = enemy to traffic tramway – shouldn’t exist in modern city
The Plan of the City Basic principles: 1. decongest the centres of the city 2. augment city density 3. increase the means for getting about 4. increase parks and open spaces gridiron system- streets every 400 yards
main arteries for fast traffic run N-S and E-W → elevated roadways great open space at the base of skyscrapers around the city – protected zone (green fields) garden cities – form a wide encircling band right at the centre of city→ railway station : landing platform (aerodrome) + mezzanine + ground floor + ‘basement’ + ‘sub-basement’ + ‘sub-sub-basement’
The city 24 skyscrapers – only for business purposes → 10,000 to 50,000 employees residential blocks – 600,000 inhabitants garden cities – 2,000,000 inhabitants or more open space → squares, gardens, theatres, restaurants, cafes, museums, shops, sports grounds, public services, universities; protected zone – building prohibited → reserved for the growth of the city
Further principles and City aesthetics city of today is dying for it is not geometrical We must build in the open ! achieve uniform lay-out of city → result of true geometrical lay-out is repetition → standard, a perfect form to introduce uniformity into the building, we must industrialize building A city made for speed is made for succes!