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2013. What is Operation Wallacea? Tropical scientific expeditions in 9 countries 170+ academics running more than 120 projects Results published in peer-reviewed.

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Presentation on theme: "2013. What is Operation Wallacea? Tropical scientific expeditions in 9 countries 170+ academics running more than 120 projects Results published in peer-reviewed."— Presentation transcript:

1 2013

2 What is Operation Wallacea? Tropical scientific expeditions in 9 countries 170+ academics running more than 120 projects Results published in peer-reviewed journals

3 What is Operation Wallacea? 30 new vertebrate species to science discovered Large temporal and spatial data sets obtained from tuition fee funded model Data used to assess the performance of conservation management programs

4 Global Research and Conservation Strategy Stage 1 - Assessing ecosystem diversity and function Stage 2 - Monitoring ecosystem change Stage 3 - Monitoring socio-economic change Stage 4 - Establishing & monitoring the effectiveness of conservation management programs


6 Team Members Principal Researchers Assistant Researchers Visiting Academics Dissertation Students Research Assistants Medical Staff Pre–med Expedition Medicine Operations Staff

7 Joining as a Research Assistant Course credit available Gain experience for CV or for helping to choose career direction Fixed Itineraries (Madagascar, Egypt, Guyana, Mexico, Peru, South Africa) Personalized Itineraries (Indonesia, Honduras) Pre–med: Expedition Medical course

8 Madagascar

9 Spiny Forest Biodiversity Survey Data gathered for Biosphere application for Mandrare Valley Madagascar Wildlife and Communities course in Week 1 Rotate between camps across Ifotaka North Scan and focal sampling of Verrauxs Sifaka and Ring Tailed Lemurs Spotlight and trapping surveys for nocturnal lemurs Madagascar

10 Spiny Forest Biodiversity Survey Invasive plant surveys Vegetation surveys using Gentry plots Bird point counts and mist netting Iguana activity budgets Day time and spotlight surveys for chameleon diversity Madagascar

11 Egypt

12 Mountain Desert Biodiversity Survey Data contributing to biodiversity atlas survey of St Katherine Protectorate Desert living training in first 3 days 4 days surveying in mountain desert and living in Bedouin camps Surveys are for target plants, reptiles and bird surveys from transects, small mammal trapping, grazing pressure of ibex, etc. Egypt

13 Red Sea Reef Ecology Course Egypt

14 Guyana

15 Guiana Shield Forest Biodiversity Surveys Data being used to assess effects of selective logging on biodiversity Based in remote forest field camps Week 1: Guiana Shield forest ecology and jungle survival course Weeks 2 & 3: Working from 2 different camps Mist netting for birds and bats Herpetofauna surveys – transects & spotlighting Large mammal transect surveys Guyana

16 Burro Burro River Surveys Guyana

17 Mexico

18 Mayan Forest Biodiversity Surveys First large-scale surveys of the vast Calakmul Biopshere. Data collected for REDD+ application and data for setting sustainable hunting quotas Mayan forest ecology course and visit to the Mayan ruins in Week 1 Butterfly and moth surveys Mist netting for birds and bats Pitfall traps and transect searches for herpetofauna Transect sampling and camera trapping for mammals Mexico

19 Forest Elements of the Mexico Programme Mexico

20 Marine Elements of the Mexico Programme Mexico

21 Peru

22 Amazonian Forest Surveys Data collected for REDD+ application and data for setting hunting quotas Based on research ships Amazonian wildlife conservation course in week 1 Bird mist netting and water bird transects River dolphin surveys Fish community surveys Peru

23 Amazonian Forest Surveys Amphibian surveys Macaw counts Large mammal transects Camera trapping River turtle population counts and nest transferring (water level dependent) Primate niche separation and time budgeting Peru

24 Caiman Surveys Peru

25 South Africa

26 Elephant Carrying Capacity Surveys Two low veld sites – one in Kruger and one in Thanda in KwaZulu Natal How do you determine elephant carrying capacity Bush training and savannah ecology course in week 1 Week 2 onwards field surveys for half a day each day Other half in camp completing African wildlife conservation course South Africa

27 Sodwana Bay, South Africa South Africa

28 Personalized Itinerary Options 2, 4, 6 or 8 weeks Select the training course and research assistant options for your itinerary Options in Indonesia and Honduras

29 Indonesia

30 Training Courses Jungle training and Wallacea wildlife course Canopy Access Dive training Indo Pacific reef ecology Divemaster training Indonesia


32 Marine Research Assistant Projects in Indonesia Indonesia

33 Stereo Video Surveys Cuba


35 Analyzing Stereo Video Footage

36 Honduras

37 Training Courses Jungle training and Neotropical wildlife course Canopy Access Dive training Caribbean reef ecology Divemaster training Honduras



40 Pre-Med Expedition Medicine Course Jungle survival & Neotropical ecology course Expedition medicine course with lectures and practicals on: pre-expedition planning medical emergencies and trauma in the field tropical infections snake bite and envenomation PADI open water dive training or Caribbean reef ecology course Expedition Medicine

41 Senior Thesis Research Topics Complete data collection over summer 90% + of students get top two grades for field projects Recent projects at Oxford, Cambridge, Princeton, Toronto, Birmingham, Manchester and others have won best departmental dissertations

42 Academic Support

43 Botany and Invertebrate Research Topics Environmental impacts on leaf formation Epiphytes in cloud forests Forest disturbance impacts on butterflies Orchid bee diversity Niche separation in tarantulas Dung beetle communities in cloud forest Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras

44 Herpetofauna Research Topics Impacts of habitat on Sulawesi herpetofauna Abundance and distribution of threatened amphibians in cloud forest Population ecology of Hog Island Boas Behaviour and ecology of ctenosaurs Niche separation in caimans Herpetofaun acommunities in Mexico Sea turtle behaviour and nest site preferences Colour change in chameleons and leaf tailed geckos Population levels of Nile crocodiles in Madagascar Population levels of colubrid snakes Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras, Peru, Mexico, Madagascar

45 Bird Ecology Research Topics Habitat associations of Sulawesi birds Behaviour of island birds Cloud forest bird communities Assessing detectability of forest birds Effects of fire on winter bird communities Bird communities in different Amazonian habitats Water bird communities in the Amazon Endemic bird habitat associations in Madagascar Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras, South Africa, Peru, Madagascar

46 Mammal Research Topics Sulawesi forest bat communities Civet ranging behaviour Arboreal marsupial ecology in Sulawesi Population levels of Sulawesi megafauna Vasectomy impact s on elephant behaviour Carrying capacity of reserves for elephant Distribution patterns of large herbivores Niche separation in Amazonian dolphins Occupancy modeling and camera trapping mammals in Amazonia, Mexico or Madagascar Comparison of mist net and sonogram surveys for bats Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras, South Africa, Peru

47 Primate Research Topics Effects of forest disturbance on Buton Macaque behaviour Sleeping tree selectivity in tarsiers Niche separation in Amazonian primates Spider monkey grouping patterns Feeding ecology, habitat selection and activity budgets in Coquerels and Verreauxs Sifakas Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Mexico, Peru, Madagascar

48 Marine Ecology Research Topics Resource utilization of reef fish across environmental gradients Association between anemone fish and host anemones Competition between hard coral species Comparison between reef and reef fish survey methods Island biogeography of coral reef patches Sea urchin ecology in the Caribbean Changes in reef fish from stereo video surveys Reef fish and benthic communities in Madagascar Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras, Madagascar

49 Intertidal Research Topics Niche separation in fiddler and sentinel crabs Physiological adaptations of rock pool species Seagrass ecology Impact of mangrove degradation on functionality Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras

50 Environmental Science Research Topics Impact of coral growth forms on biodiversity Photoacclimation response of reef building corals Effects of Crown of Thorns starfish on reefs Effects on corallite morphology of sedimentation Spatial variation in coral mortality Environmental impact of seaweed farms Hydrography & water quality of coastal lagoons in Mexico Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras

51 Marine Physiology Research Topics Effects of noisy soundscapes on settling crabs Physiology of cephalopods Temperature preferences of intertidal fishes Water loss resistance of intertidal crabs Emergence patterns in mudskipper species in relation to water loss Resistance of tropical frogs to water loss Ecophysiology of mangrove corals Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia

52 Fisheries Research Topics Changes in the Kaledupa reef fishery 2007 – 2013 Effects of fish fences on fisheries Cleaner fish behavioural strategies A comparison of fish diversity in different Amazonian habitats Stream fish diversity in cloud forest Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Honduras, Peru

53 Genetics Research Topics Barcoding diversity of Cusuco cloud forest Landscape genetics of amphibians Chytrid fungus impacts on frogs Genetic diversity in tarantulas Senior Thesis Topics - Honduras

54 Spatial Ecology and GIS Research Topics Mapping forest change in Sulawesi Species distribution modeling Landscape ecology in Madagascar Remote sensing and environmental modeling in Madagascar Developing monitoring protocols for REDD+ Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Madagascar

55 Conservation Management Research Topics Resilience of marine dependent communities Impact of ecotourism growth in the Wakatobi Islands Forest land tenure in Madagascar Economic impacts of tourism in southern Madagascar Natural resource dependent livelihoods in Mandrare Valley Assessment and valuation of ecosystem service provision in Madagascar Senior Thesis Topics – Indonesia, Madagascar

56 Dates and Prices Expeditions run over the summer Itinerary advice at next meeting or ed Prices 2 weeks - $1,750 4 weeks - $3,200 6 weeks - $4,350 8 weeks - $5,500 Fundraising support with information about grant opportunities

57 Masters Field Placements Available for 6 months from January 2014 PhD Grants Available Staff Positions After Your Op Wall Expedition

58 Questions?

59 Feedback From the 2012 Expeditions You come for one reason, but want to stay for another. I was most profoundly affected by the knowledge I learnt outside the traditional learning environments. Natalia Paine, Harvard University, USA; Research Assistant, Indonesia Expeditions Expedition My Op Wall experience opened my eyes to a world of research and my heart to a level of love for nature that I didnt know was possible. Kayla Mann, University of New Brunswick, Canada; Research Assistant, South Africa Expedition Amazing experience! A lot of knowledgeable staff that you could learn from. Love the hands-on stuff!! Christine Munro, McMaster University, Canada; Dissertation Student, Honduras Expedition Close encounters of the elephant kind are amazing and will keep me coming back to South Africa. Anna Ree, Concordia University College of Alberta; Dissertation Student, South Africa Expedition

60 2012

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