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Islamic Human Resource Management By Minhaaj ur Rehman.

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1 Islamic Human Resource Management By Minhaaj ur Rehman

2 “Even if, a dog dies of hunger at the bank of Nile, the ruler is responsible. “ Caliph Omar Peace be Upon Him.

3 And in no wise covet those things in which Allah has bestowed His gifts more freely on some of you than others: to men is allotted what they earn, and to women what they earn... (4:32)

4 Son of Second Caliph Omar peace be upon died after Caliph refused to forgive his punsihment for drinking and fornication. He died of flogging but that could not change a Dad’s belief that rules are rules for everyone

5 “Pay the laborer his wages before his sweat dries up (immediately) “ Caliph Omar Peace be Upon Him.

6 He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness - George Bernard Shaw

7 My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels." Michael Hart

8 It is not the propagation but the permanency of his religion that deserves our wonder, the same pure and perfect impression which he engraved at Mecca and Medina is preserved, after the revolutions of twelve centuries by the Indian, the African and the Turkish proselytes of the Koran." Edward Gibbon and Simon Ocklay, HISTORY OF THE SARACEN EMPIRE, London, 1870, p. 54.

9 For years Caliph Abu Bakar sold cloth in the markets of Arabia inspite of being the ruler of huge islamic empire.

10 "Say (O Muhammad): Who hath forbidden the adornment (beautiful gifts) of God which He hath brought forth for His bondsmen and the good things of His providing?" (7:32)‏ Islam does not prohibit luxuries afforded to humans by Allah given that is earned without hurting others.

11 "Islam is built on five fundamentals: Belief in God, Service of worship, Fasting, Pilgrimage of the House of the One God, and the Zakat- tax." Its that simple!

12 the qanun was the chief guide for medical science in the west from the twelfth to the seventeenth century. dr. william osler, who wrote the evolution of modern science, remarks "the qanun has remained a medical bible for a longer period than any other work". containing over a million words, it surveyed the entire medical knowledge available from ancient and muslim sources, and including his own original contributions.

13 Ibn Sina's original contributions included such advances such as recognition of the contagious nature of phtisis andtuberculosis; distribution of diseases by water and soil and the interaction between psychology and health. Also, the book described over 760 drugs and became the most authentic of its era.

14 Another great physician who soon followed was al-Razi was Abul Qasim al-Zahrawi (963-1013 AD) who is known as Albucasis to the West. A famous surgeon in his time, at the court of Caliph al- Hakam II, students and patients flocked to him from the Muslim world and Europe.

15 Ibn Sina's original contributions included such advances such as recognition of the contagious nature of phtisis andtuberculosis; distribution of diseases by water and soil and the interaction between psychology and health. Also, the book described over 760 drugs and became the most authentic of its era.

16 Ibn al-Baitars works were characterized by observation, analysis and classification and exerted a profound influence on Eastern as well as Western botany and medicine. Even though many of his works were translated and published late in the western languages, many earlier scientists had studied his books and made several references to it.

17 Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, born in 780 A.D., was the founder of modern Algebra. He developed sine, cosine and trigonometrical tables, which were later translated to the West. His book on algebra Hisab al-Jabr waal-Muqabalah (The Calculation of Integration and Equation) was used until the 16th century as the principal textbook of European universities.

18 Umar Khayyam known to the west as only a poet actually also was an excellent mathematician. He criticized Euclid's theorems, evolved a methodology for the solution of third degree equations, and did research in the field of binomials and their coefficients.

19 Al-Biruni, a geographer, chronologist, mathematician, astronomer, was also a physicist. His Elements of Astrology remained a textbook for centuries and he also wrote on specific gravity, and developed formulas to determine absolute and specific weights of all objects.

20 Abu al-Hassan al Haitham (965-1039 AD) was one of the most eminent physicists, whose contribution to optics and the scientific method were great. He discussed the propagation of light and colors, optic illusions and opposed the view of Euclid and Ptolemy that the eye sent out visual rays.

21 Al-Asma'i (740-882 AD) was a philologist who contributed to Zoology, Botany and Animal Husbandry. Other Muslim botanists described plants in detail, medicinal herbs, physiology of plants and wrote books on horses, camels, sheep, birds, the history of bees and locusts, the effect of climate on the behavior of animals and men.

22 In the field of geography, Ibn Majid invented the compass. The Muslims traversed the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Ocean as well as sailing around the African continent, in their trading with India, Iran and Greece. They wrote such books as Akhbar al-Hind (Reports on India), Akhbar al-Sin (Reports on China)‏ and Ajib al-Hind (Curiosities of India).

23 Jabir ibn Aflah was a Spanish Arab who criticized Ptolemy's heliocentric theory of planetary motion. He designed the first portable celestial sphere to explain and measure the movements of celestial objects and led the way for spherical trigonometry. Al-Bitruji developed a new theory of stellar movements. Names of many constellations, words like zenith and nadir and even names of craters of the moon all go back to the works of Muslim scholars of this time.

24 Al-Razi's contribution as a philosopher was also well known. The basic elements in his philosophical system were the Creator, the spirit, matter, space and time. He discussed their characteristics in detail and his concepts of space and time as constituting a continuum.

25 The greatest figure in Islamic philosophy is held to be Imam al-Ghazali, who was a jurist, theologian, philosopher and mystic. Born in 1058 in Khorasan, he came to have a high standard of scholarship in religion and philosophy and gained an appointment as a professor at the Nizamiyah University, which was one of the most reputed institutions of learning at the time.

26 Ghazali wrote many books including Tuhafut al- Falasifa (The Incoherence of the Philosophers) and Ihya al-Ulum al-Islamia (The Revival of the Islamic Sciences). Ghazali's influence was deep. His theological doctrines penetrated Europe and influenced Jewish and Christian Scholasticism and Thomas Aquinas.

27 Other Muslims also wrote extensively on Creation, God,Aristotelian thought, logic and developed systems of jurisprudence and law. During this period especially, Islamic philosophy was active in Spain and Morocco.

28 Ibn Khaldun's main contribution lies in philosophy of history and sociology. He wrote a world history aimed at analyzing historical events. The first volume was known as the Muqaddimah. This work identified psychological, economic, environmental and social facts that contributed to the advancement of human civilizations and the currents of history as opposed to just the political context of earlier writers.

29 The well known Hadith "Allah is beautiful and He loves beauty" encouraged Muslims to beautify the word of Allah through calligraphy and other expressions. Islamic calligraphy began with the kufi styles, then followed naskhi, thuluth, muhaqqiq, rayhani, and nasta'liq. Calligraphy began as a direct response of the soul of Muslims to the descent of the Quranic revelation.

30 Writes T.B. Irving on Islamic architecture, "..few civilizations have approached Islam's beauties in architecture: her soaring minarets and spires, her fabled domes, her cool corridors, all reflect the yearning of Muslims, who refusing to find expression in natural depiction concentrate their energies on buildings and their embellishment."

31 Miracle of Muslim Architecture



34 Calligraphy

35 Was this all a coincidence? Isn't this the role model for generations to come? A peaceful, educated and modern society abiding by the rules of Allah. Who else manages human resources this effectively?

36 Transactional and Transformational Leadership Model Human rights, Freedom of Speech, Education and Conscience combined is Islam Accountability, Honesty and rule of law are the guiding principles

37 Whats the difference? Why did western HRM failed to protect humanity?

38 Basic Philosophy of creation is opposite. Implications of darwinian myth of creation is chaos and inhuamn practices. Dysfunctional organizational and political structures encourage non-accountability.

39 Theories that came out of darwinian philosophy helped opportunists to oppress the people Facism, socialism, de jure/De facto democracy, free market principles, atheism and new age.

40 Now what? How do we fix that ?

41 Step up to the plate, because if you don't, just stop complaining. Adopt a simple life style. Cars are good, but nothing like a morning Walk.

42 Don't use ignorance as an excuse, because learning about your rights is Your Responsibility. Speak against it, You would be surprised to know you aren't alone.

43 Organizational culture in management literature refers to 'Management's view' of people. Islamic HRM focuses on community and NOT minority called 'Board of Governers'.

44 What model represents islamic HRM? Open governace – Play by the book Open Source processes and accounting books. Lifelong employment with clear job description and motivation.

45 Is that around ? Malaysian vision 2020 Islamic banking Takkaful (Insurance) companies Middle east, an emodiment of peace and prosperity

46 Who decides who gets what? Power structures in IHRM? Shariah (islamic law) board members decide the framework. Anyone can challenge the decision and argue it. Open-door and hot-seat questioning.

47 Obligatory Publication of decisions, accounts, recruitment, firing, training materials, compensation and reward structures. Participatory culture inviting both employees and customers through social media like wikis, blogs, microblogging and RSS.

48 Lenient medical, education, urgent and mandatory annual leave policy. Old age benefits, gratuity funds, pensions and health care through islamic insurance (Takkaful)‏ Immediate and on-spot medical facilities instead of reimbursements for medicines.

49 Solid and clear rules for promotions, ruling out managerial intervention in process. Seniority based promotions and knowledge based rewards. Fix work hours and overtime adjusted in next work day

50 Developing honest, conscientious and hardworking employees as opposed to opportunists. Create a culture of questioning and conscientiousness. Being right is more Important than being rich Banning benefits like five stars, limousines and club memberships. Get togethers and social media should be utilized

51 What economic model turns this into reality ? “Money has never been the main problem for entrepreneurship, human resources have always been.

52 Economy of Scales model of profit takes care of both businesses and customers. Strong Research and development blended with affordable price is the key to success. When you share your profit with people who gave you that, it always repeat the process.

53 Who to follow ? What are the examples ? People help people, if what people do is for people. Linux community, Wikipedia, social networks, non profit organizational model, SourceForge, and They are good places to study. If modified as per islamic system, they can revolutionze the world.

54 Is it as good as others? Islamic banking has proved to have worked as good as conventional banking without using interest as a financial tool. Its all over the place, in most of the countries. Its already there, you just have to take first step.





59 Where is it ? I can't see it in my country. Maybe its only in islamic countries ? Is it only for muslims ?

60 Good news is that its everywhere!! Yes almost everywhere!

61 Australia Australia Takaful Association Inc Bangladesh Islami Insurance Company Ltd Bangladesh Bahamas Islamic Takafol & Retakafol (Bahamas)‏ Bahrain Al-Salam Islamic Takaful Company Islamic Insurance & Re-Insurance Co (IIRCO)‏ Takaful International Company (Formerly Bahrain Islamic Insurance Co.)‏ Takafol Islamic Insurance Co. EC

62 Turkey Ihlas Sigorta As Qatar Qatar Islamic Insurance Co Oman Inurance Company, Dubai United Kingdom Takafol UK United States of America Takaful USA

63 India Al Ameen Islamic Financial & Investment Corp. (India) Ltd., Karnatka Bank Muscat International (SOAG)‏ Al-Falah Investment Ltd

64 Malaysia Adil Islamic Growth Fund (Innosabah Securities Sdn Bhd), Labuan Arab Malaysian Merchant Bank Berhad, Kuala Lumpur Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad, Kuala Lumpur Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad, Kuala Lumpur Bank Kerjasama Rakyat Malaysia Berhad, Kuala Lumpur Dallah Al Baraka (Malaysia) Holding Sdn Bhd Lembaga Urusan Dan Tabung Haji (Fund), Kuala Lumpur Malayan Banking Berhad (Maybank), Kuala Lumpur Multi-Purpose Bank Berhad, Kuala Lumpur United Malayan Banking Corp. Berhad, Kuala Lumpur Bank Muamalat Berhad, Malaysia Labuan Offshore Financial Services Authority (LOFSA)‏ Islamic banking & Takaful Dept, Bank Negara Malaysia

65 Why is it absolutely necessary ? Animal, human and environmental abuses by corporations. Depravity and delinquency of corporate cultures.

66 Highlights of Corporate Devastations Exxon valdez oil Spill Union Carbide's Bhopal Massacre Walmart's anti unionization stance Mcdonald, Monsanto and KFC's unsafe Products

67 Nestle's attempt to convince third world mother's to use packaged milk Bechtel's attempt to privatize Bolivia's water, that was thwarted by brave bolivians. Corporate attempt to patent indian basmati rice.

68 Ibm's help for hitler's army in world war by providing punch card machines for prison camp management Federal reserver bank's exploitation of US citizens through manipulation of interest rates and policies.

69 IMF's predatory policy towards third world. NAFTA's unfair trade regulations and protectionist tendencies of US US oil wars and fear creation by waging a war against terrorism

70 It doesn't have to be this way forever. WE are already up and running. Numerous communities protested against walmart and kicked them out of their hometowns. Open source software is gaining momentum and winning the lawsuits.

71 US model of imperialism has failed and world has joined hands together to help each other and not few. Free market principles have been proved wrong by numerous economists, namely joseph stiglitz etc.

72 Creative commons and copyleft has changed the way people think about stupid ideas like copyright Social media has brought world closely and education with borders has created awareness and violent reaction against capitalism.

73 We're big We'Re strong WE're together WE're just too many

74 Results of some fights are too obvious There is an afterlife and we all have to be accountable for our deeds. Its not a question of winning or losing. Its merely a question of which side you want to be!

75 Education and protest is our way out of the misery that none of us deserves

76 Thanks

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