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Computer Systems I’m ONLY a machine!. Hardware Hardware refers to all the parts of the Computer System that we can touch. An item of hardware is called.

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Presentation on theme: "Computer Systems I’m ONLY a machine!. Hardware Hardware refers to all the parts of the Computer System that we can touch. An item of hardware is called."— Presentation transcript:

1 Computer Systems I’m ONLY a machine!

2 Hardware Hardware refers to all the parts of the Computer System that we can touch. An item of hardware is called a device. Microprocessor Main memory Input / Output Backing Storage

3 Central Processing Unit CPU RAM Backing Storage Input Output ROM

4 The Processor Carries out the actual process Follows a set of instructions called a program

5 Representing Graphics & Text Bit-Mapped Graphics –Dots called pixels –Each pixels is either On (1 – black) or Off (0 – white) Text – ASCII standard file format – = MUJTABA BE QUIET

6 Units of Storage Binary UnitValue Bit1 or 0 Byte8 bits Kilobyte (KB)1024 bytes Megabyte (MB)1024 Kilobytes Gigabyte (GB)1024 Megabytes Terabyte (TB)1024 Gigabytes

7 Main Memory CPU RAM Backing Storage Input Output ROM

8 Main Memory Where the computer stores programs & data Types: –RAM Random Access Memory –ROM Read Only Memory

9 Main Memory RAM Chip –Temporary storage –Data is lost when computer switched off –Data can be written to RAM –Upgrading is easy with RAM Chips ROM Chip –Permanent storage –Data is safe when computer is switched off –Data can not be added to ROM –Some OS are stored on ROM Chips

10 Input CPU RAM Backing Storage Input Output ROM

11 Input Devices (Navigational) Mouse Trackball Track pad Touch Screen Joystick SmartBoard

12 Input Devices (Data Input) Keyboard Graphics Tablet Scanner Digital Still camera Digital Video Camera Webcam Microphone

13 Backing Storage CPU RAM Backing Storage Input Output ROM

14 Backing Storage Method used to physically store data. Constantly increasing in capacity to meet demands. Magnetic Storage –Floppy disc, Hard Disc, Magnetic Tape Optical Storage –CD, DVD Solid State –USB Flash Drive

15 Drive or Media DriveMedia

16 Magnetic Storage Hard Disk Drive –Usually main type of backing store –Non-removable media Floppy Disk –Plastic disk with rectangular cover –Removable media Magnetic Tape –Sequential Access –Think VHS tape –Removable media

17 Optical Storage

18 Optical Storage CD-ROM –Read by a laser beam that reflects of surface “pits” and “lands” DVD-ROM –Similar to CD but with larger capacity because of multiple layers CD-Recordable (CD-R) / DVD-R –Write Once, Read Many CD-Rewritable (CD-RW) / DVD-RW –Still uses a laser but contents can be changed

19 USB Flash Drive Universal Serial Bus: –Computer interface used by different devices. Solid State Memory –No moving parts Advantages –Portable –Can have large memory (currently 8GB)

20 Flash Memory Cards Solid State Memory –No moving parts –Used in cameras and mobile phones Advantages –Portable –Can have large memory (currently 8GB) –Can be read by a card reader

21 Output CPU RAM Backing Storage Input Output ROM

22 Output Devices Printer –Laser –Inkjet Comparison of Printers Resolution –Dots Per Inch (DPI) Speed –Pages Per Minute (PPM) Cost –Capital Cost –Running Costs

23 Output Devices Plotter Monitor (VDU) LCD –Liquid Crystal Display TFT –Thin Film Transistor Multimedia Projector Speakers

24 Types of Computer Desktop Laptop/Notebook Palmtop

25 Types of Computer Mainframe


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